State PCS Notes: Diseases and its Affected Area

By Sudheer Kumar K|Updated : August 31st, 2021

Diseases and Associated Part of Human Body is a very important topic for the UPSC preliminary examination and other competitive exams. One or two questions may be expected from this topic. Make sure you go through these notes and learn them by heart. They are going to be really helpful for your upcoming exams. 

Diseases and its Affected Area

Parts of the Body Affected by Diseases

Disease

Affected Body Part

Arthritis 

Joints

Asthma 

Bronchial Muscles

Cataract 

Eyes

Diabetes 

Pancreas

Diphtheria 

Throat

Eczema 

Skin

Glaucoma 

      Eyes

Goitre 

Thyroid Gland

Jaundice 

Liver

Leukemia 

Blood

Malaria 

Spleen

Meningitis 

Brain and Spinal Cord

Otitis 

Ears

Paralysis 

Nerves

Pneumonia 

  Lungs

Polio 

 Legs

Pyorrhoea 

Teeth and Gums

Rheumatism 

Joints

Sinusitis 

                         Inflammation of sinus linings

Tonsillitis 

Tonsils

Trachoma 

  Eyes

Tuberculosis 

Lungs

Typhoid 

Intestines

Diseases and Causative Agents

Causative AgentDisease
BacteriaDiphtheria, Gonorrhoea, Meningitis, Cholera, Leprosy, Typhoid, Tetanus, Tuberculosis, Plague, Whooping Cough, Pneumonia
VirusChicken Pox, Small Pox, Measle, Mumps, AIDS, Yellow fever, Influenza, Dengue fever, Rabies, Polio-meritis phelebotomus
ProtozoansMalaria, Sleeping sickness, Kala-azar, Leishmaniasis, Amoebic dysentery
FungusAthlete's foot, Ringworms, Madura foot, Dhobi's itch
HelminthsFilaria, Tapeworm and Hookworm transmission

Important Information about Human Body

  • Biggest Organ: Liver
  • Heart Beat: 72 times in a minute
  • Master Gland: Pituitary
  • Number of Bone: 206
  • Number of Muscles: 640
  • Number of chromosomes: 46 or 23 pairs
  • Normal Blood Pressure: 80 to 120
  • Teeth: 32
  • The volume of Blood: About 7 litres in normal body or about 7% of the total body weight.
  • Largest; Part of human Brain: Cerebrum

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Posted by:

Sudheer Kumar KSudheer Kumar KMember since Sep 2020
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Ravi Raushan
mam how i start to prepare for EPFO paper
Prasad Punem

Prasad PunemApr 25, 2020

Tq sir.,..
Sam Khan

Sam KhanJun 17, 2020

Super 👍
Pooja

PoojaJul 22, 2020

Guys largest organ skin hota hai
Liver nhi
Liver is the largest gland
Mounika Dharamasoth
The largest organ is skin  adult it carries 8 pounds(3.6kilograms)
M.kumara

M.kumaraAug 31, 2020

Good.syllabus.sir
Sshokinss Taaz
Excellent help full is
Durga Choudhary
Tq tq so much for upsc cse prelims notes
Rishu Pal

Rishu PalSep 1, 2021

Pdf daliye sir

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