Read important notes for UPSC on Education during the British period. Also, Download Educational Development during British Rule pdf notes in Hindi and English here.
Educational reforms during British rule were not destined for the development of India per se but Indians have utilized it in fullest to their advantage to fight for their independence. It has been observed that every year, 1-2 questions in UPSC/State PCS exams are from educational developments during the colonial period. Here is the detailed list of all education reforms undertaken by the British.
Education during the British Period
Individual efforts under company rule
Charter Act of 1813
Lord Macaulay’s Minute of 1835
Note: ‘Downward filtration theory’ means teaching a few upper- and middle-class people would produce interpreters which would eventually penetrate to the masses. However, this theory failed miserably as envisaged by the British but has helped in growth of Modern Intelligentsia who shaped the struggle for independence.
Wood’s Despatch, 1854
Hunter Education Commission, 1882-83
Rayleigh Commission, 1902
Indian Universities Act, 1904
On the recommendation of Rayleigh commission, the act provided for:
Government Resolution on Education Policy, 1913
Saddler University Commission, 1917-19
Hartog Committee, 1929
Wardha Scheme of Basic Education (1937)
Sergeant Plan of Education, 1944
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