Indian Freedom Movement: Socio-Cultural Organisations
Name of organization
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Atmiya Sabha- to propagate the monotheistic ideals of the Vedanta and to campaign against idolatry, caste rigidities, meaningless rituals, and other social ills.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Brahmo Samaj—to purify Hinduism and to preach monotheism— was based on the twin pillars of reason and the Vedas and Upanishads
Debendranath Tagore founded AdiBramho samaj in 1866
Brahmo Samaj of India
Keshub Chander sen
Keshub Chander sen was dismissed from the office of acharya in 1865 and found Brahmo Samaj of India.
Sadharan Brahmo Samaj
Ananda Mohan Bose, Shibchandra Deb, and Umesh Chandra Datta
It reiterated the Brahmo doctrines of faith in a Supreme being, one God, the belief that no scripture or man is infallible, belief in the dictates of reason, truth, and morality.
Widow s’ Home Association
D.K Karve M.G. Ranade
More concerned with social reforms than with religion but was attached to the bhakti cult.
2.a four-point social agenda also:
At their meetings, food prepared by lower caste people was taken by the members.
The Pramhans mandalas also advocated widow remarriage and women’s education
Phule aimed at the total abolition of the caste system and socio-economic inequalities
This movement gave a sense of identity to the depressed communities.
Servants of India Society 1905
Gopal Krishan Gokhale
The aim of the society:
Swami Dayananda Saraswati
Behramji M. Malabari
Worked against child marriage and for widow remarriage among Hindus. It was his efforts that led to the Age of Consent Act regulating the age of consent for females
An orthodox society, it stood for the preservation of the status quo in socio-religious matters, opposing even the abolition of Sati. However, it favoured the promotion of Western education, even for girls.
Madame Blavatsky and an American called Colonel Olcott
The society was greatly influenced by the Indian doctrine of karma
All India Harijan Sangh
The objective of the Sangh is to eradicate untouchability by root and branch.