In Science and Technology, Space Missions launched by space agencies are a very important part. Many questions are asked from this segment, so here we compile all the important and latest space missions of ISRO, NASA and other space agencies.
Important Space Missions of ISRO, NASA and others
Important Space Missions by ISRO
- It was India's first lunar probe which was launched in October 2008.
- Chandrayaan 1 comprises a lunar orbiter and an impactor.
- This mission proved a major boost to India's space program, as India researched and developed its own technology to explore the surface of the Moon.
- It was launched in 2019 by a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III).
- This mission comprises a lunar orbiter, lander and rover.
- Objective- Identify the location and abundance of lunar water.
Mars Orbitor Mission
- Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) also known as Mangalyaan was launched in 2014.
- MOM is India's first interplanetary mission.
- With this mission, India has become the fourth country (1st in Asia) to reach Mars, after the USSR, US, European Space Agency.
- ISRO is the first space agency in the world to achieve the milestone in its first attempt.
- It is the first dedicated Indian Astronomy satellite mission.
- Launched by ISRO in 2018.
- It was a sequel mission of Chandrayaan 2 that was projected to be launched in 2021.
- It is a joint mission of ISRO and HAL.
- Gaganyaan was intended to be the basis of the Indian Human Spaceflight Programme.
- The spacecraft is being designed to carry three people, and a planned upgraded version will be equipped with rendezvous and docking capability.
Lunar Polar Exploration Mission
- Joint mission of JAXA (Japanese Space Agency) and ISRO.
- Objective- To explore the south pole region of the Moon by 2024.
- It is the 1st Indian Solar coronagraph spacecraft mission which aims to study solar corona in visible and near IR bands.
- Launched by the year 2022.
- It is ISRO’s 2nd interplanetary mission planned for Mars.
- Launched by the year 2022.
- Consists of orbiter, lander and rover.
- The aim of this mission is to study the atmosphere of Venus.
PSLV C-49/ EOS-01
- It was launched in November, 2020.
- EOS-01 is an earth observation satellite, intended for applications in agriculture, forestry and disaster management support.
- The satellite provides Indian mainland and islands coverage in Ku-band and extended coverage in C-band covering Gulf countries, a large number of Asian countries and Australia.
- It was launched from Kourou launch base, French Guiana.
- RISAT-2BR1 is a radar imaging earth observation satellite weighing about 628 kg. The satellite will provide services in the field of Agriculture, Forestry and Disaster Management.
Important Space Missions by NASA
Mars 2020 Rover
- This laser-equipped device will allow the rolling science station to vaporize rock samples and analyze the light emitted.
- This will allow Mars 2020 Rover to determine the chemical makeup of the rocks.
- It will provide the first images of the distant ice ball.
- It will explore the farthest reaches of our cosmic neighborhood.
NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts
- NASA will introduce some new concepts like hibernation pods, artificial gravity ships, fusion engines, self-repairing electronics, and spacecraft made out of asteroids.
Important missions by other space agencies
- It is an ongoing robotic mission of China's Lunar Exploration Program.
- If this mission is successful, then China will become the 3rd country to return samples from the Moon after the United States and the Soviet Union.
Vegetation and Environment monitoring on a New Micro-Satellite (VENµS)
- It is Israel’s first environmental satellite.
- It is dedicated to monitoring the effects of climate change on vegetation.
- It is a joint earth observation and exploratory mission of Israel and France.
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