Important Festivals of India for MPPSC Mains Exam

By Trupti Thool|Updated : October 3rd, 2021

India is a country with great diversity, rich culture, colorful festivals, and a variety of dance and music. Festivals are the way to celebrate the rich cultural heritage of India, religious diversity, seasons, and femininity. India is an agricultural country thus; many of its festivals also celebrate harvests. The table given below incorporates a few of the important festivals of India.

Important Festivals of India




Andhra Pradesh


It is a nine days long festival celebrated at the Venkateshwara Temple, Tirupati.


Telugu New Year


It celebrated the victory of good on evil.

Makar Sankranti

It is celebrated when Sun transit from the Capricorn.

Arunachal Pradesh


It is the agriculture festival, celebrated by the Adi tribe of Arunachal Pradesh.


Tibetan New Year


It is a festival of prosperity celebrated by the Apatanis of Arunachal Pradesh.


It is a festival of the Idu-Mishmi tribe of Arunachal Pradesh. They worship goddess Nayani Inyitaya for the welfare of their family.


It is an agricultural festival of Arunachal Pradesh, celebrated by the Galo tribe.

Boori Boot

Celebrated by the Nyishi tribe of Arunachal Pradesh for the successful harvest of the year.


New Year of Monpa Tribe


People worship Sun and Moon during the festival.

Dhree Festival

It is an agricultural rite observed by Apatanis of Arunachal Pradesh. Fowls, eggs, and animals are presented to Sun and Moon Gods to avoid famine in the region.



It is a Hindu festival where a fair is held at Kamakhya Temple, Guwahati, Assam. It honours the femininity by celebrating the annual menstrual cycle of Devi Kamakhya.


It is set of three festivals, namely Rongali Bihu, Kati Bihu, and Bhogali Bihu. It marks the harvesting of Paddy crop.


Baishakhi of Assam celebrated by the Bodo tribe.

Dehing Patkai

Celebrates the rich culture and heritage of Assam.



People worship Devi Mansa for the welfare of their families.

Chhath Pooja

Sun God, along with his wife Usha is worshipped during this festival to thank them for bestowing life on Earth.


Mainly celebrated by the Maithil Brahmins of Bihar. It marks the arrival of Monsoon in the region.


Bastar Dussehra

It is the longest celebrated Dussehra in the world. It is celebrated for 75 days from August to October.


This festival is celebrated in the month of monsoon Farmers worship cows and agricultural implements on this day On this occasion, a pylon of neem leaves is also placed on the door to protect against diseases.


This festival is celebrated as the festival of greenery In this festival bullock carts are worshiped On this occasion bull race is also organized


Charta is a festival celebrated across the state in the form of a crop festival on this occasion, married women prepare rice along the reservoirs / rivers Men and women dance and sing A banquet is organized


Navakhna is a festival celebrated on the harvest of rice Chopped rice is offered to the deity


In this festival, Mother Earth is worshiped Farmers do not touch the fields on this day Kisano Dara goes to the forest an


Chaitrai is the major festival of the Gond tribe of Chhattisgarh In this festival, a pig or a rooster is offered to the village deity along with alcohol This is followed by tribal dances, folk songs and other types of cultural programs


Korba Festival This festival is held in the month of May This festival is celebrated by the Korba tribe with religious rites and rituals.



Thanksgiving festival of India

Mando festival

It is a dance festival where people perform Mando dance.


Monsoon mud festival of Goa.



It is a nine days long festival where people worship nine forms of Devi and perform Garba and Dandiya dances.


Celebrated to mark the transit of Sun northwards from tropic of Capricorn to tropic of Cancer. Kite festival is organized on this day.



It celebrates the harvest of Rabi crops in Haryana and Punjab.

Himachal Pradesh

Magha Saaji

Makar Sankranti of Himachal Pradesh.

Dungari Mahotsav

Dungari Mahotsav is celebrated in Kullu of Himacha on the occasion of the birthday of Goddess Hidamba. On this occasion a huge fair is weighed

Nalwari Mela

Nalwari Mela is a festival related to livestock traders Bellows are traded

Fulchi Mahotsav

Fulchi Mahotsav is celebrated in Kinnaur, Himachal Pradesh It is also known as the festival of flowers.

Jammu & Kashmir

Dosmoche festival

It is celebrated on the last day of New Year celebrations in the Leh region.

Matho Nagrang

It is celebrated on the 15th day of the Tibetan Calendar in the Matho Monastery. 


Celebrated in the Ladakh region. It is the Tibetan New Year.

Galdan Namchot

It is celebrated in the Leh region. It marks the birthday of a great Buddhist saint Tsongkhapa.



It is a spring festival which marks the new flowers at the Saal trees.


It is a harvest festival dedicated to Karma dev for bestowing with power and youthfulness.

Hal Punhya

It celebrates wrinkling. It marks the beginning of the ploughing.


It is a harvest festival and marks the start of the sowing season.


It is a harvest festival celebrated in January every year.


Makar Sankranti

It is celebrated when Sun transit from the Capricorn.



It is the most important harvest festival of Kerala celebrated in the month of September.


New Year of Kerala.

Alpashi Utsavam

It is the celebration of the annual bathing ritual of deities in the Sree Padmanabhaswamy temple.

Madhya Pradesh

Bhagoria Haat Festival

This festival is celebrated by the Bhil tribe It is the festival of love where young girls and boys try to entice each other and if both like each other, then they put red powder on their partner’s face.


This festival is celebrated in the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh . This festival is celebrated collectively by young women, in which young women dance on the occasion of Neerja (Navratra) . In this, grains and money are collected by placing a pitched pitcher on the head of a young lady and singing songs


This is the festival of women . This festival is celebrated twice a year in the Malwa region . In the month of Chaitra and Bhado , women worship and dance to Shiva Parvati .


This festival is celebrated in Bundelkhand of Madhya Pradesh. In this festival, the idol of the demon is installed on the wall, in the upper part of which the idol of Shiva Parvati is placed, after which worship and singing is done by the young women.

Bhaiya Dooj

Bhaiya Dooj is celebrated twice a year in Madhya Pradesh. It is celebrated after Holi in Chaitra month and after Diwali in Kartik month.



This festival is celebrated on the new moon of the month of Shravan by the farmers of Malwa and Bundelkhand region. It is also known as Harya Godha in Malwa region.

Baccha Baras

This festival is celebrated in the month of Shravan. In this festival, women worship cow and calf. On this occasion, women take food made of millet, moth and gram.

Akshaya Tritiya

Akshaya Tritiya is celebrated in the month of Vaishakh (April-May), it is mainly a festival of unmarried girls, in which Gudde dolls are married. Women worship under the banyan tree.


Sanja and Mamulia

This festival is celebrated in the Malwa region in the month of Ashwini, which is celebrated for 16 days. In this, young girls make various figures on the walls of their homes with cow dung and in the evening a group dance is performed. A similar festival is celebrated in Bundelkhand region, where it is called Mamuliya .



This festival is celebrated in the month of Kanwar. Starting from the first day of Navratri till Dussehra, this festival is mainly celebrated by women. Women keep fast, worship Goddess Durga and in many places Garba dance is also organized.



Dussehra is the main festival of the state. On the tenth day of Navratri, it is celebrated as Ram Vijay Utsav. Shastra Puja is also performed on this occasion.


Navan Parva

This festival is celebrated on the 11th day of Diwali in the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, it is also called Dev Uthni Gyaras. Sugarcane and jowar are worshiped on this day.



This festival is celebrated in the southern region of Madhya Pradesh. Mainly this festival is celebrated in Mandla and Dindori district. It is the festival of Gaur and their sub-castes, in this festival the Haat is organized, the idol of the Goddess is installed in the middle of the Haat, the goat is sacrificed and then the Haat starts.


Laru Kaj

This festival is mainly celebrated by the Gond tribe. This festival is celebrated in the honor of Narayan Dev. This festival is celebrated as the marriage of the pig. This festival is celebrated by the Gond tribe for the happiness and prosperity of the family.



This festival is celebrated by Baiga tribe in Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh. Honey bees are worshiped in this festival.


Gudi Padwa

This is Maharashtrian New Year . This festival is celebrated on the Pratipada of Chaitra month.

Ganesh Chaturthi

Lord Ganesha is worshiped on Ganesh Chaturthi. For 11 days the houses are decorated with mandap, the idol of Lord Ganesha is installed and celebrated for 10 days in the form of festival.

Nag Panchami

Nag Panchami is worshiped in the house as the symbol of the soil of the cobra. This festival is celebrated all over Maharashtra in honor of Nag Devta.

Narali Purnima

Narali Purnima The full moon day of the month of Shravan is celebrated as Narali Purnima. Coconut is offered to the sea god. It is also considered to be the beginning of a new season for fishing, on this day fishermen decorate the boat.

Gokul Ashtami

Gokul Ashtami is celebrated as the birth anniversary of Lord Shri Krishna, Dahi Handi is organized on this occasion.

Pola Festival

Pola Festival is celebrated as a harvest festival in rural areas of Maharashtra. Farmers worship oxen.



Holi of Manipur

Chavang Kut

It is the harvest festival celebrated by the Kuki-Chin-Mizo Tribes of Manipur on 1st November of every year.

Sajibu Cheiraoba

Manipuri New Year


Nongkrem Dance Festival

It is a dance festival that celebrates harvest and thanksgiving by the Khasi tribe.

Wangala festival

It is the post-harvest festival of Garo Tribe.


Chapchar Kut

It is the harvest festival and marks three different stages of the agricultural cycle.


Hornbill Festival

It is organized by the government every year to celebrate the rich cultural heritage of Nagaland and to promote inter-tribal harmony.

Moatsu festival

It is the harvest festival of the Ao tribe.


Jagannath Puri Rath Yatra

It is a very famous festival in Odisha. It is also known as Gundicha Yatra, Chariot festival, Dasavatara or Navadina Yatra. The festival is dedicated to Lord Jagannath/Krishna, his sister Subhadra and his elder brother Balabhadra.

Nukahai Festival

Nukahai or Nabanna is the harvesting festival held in the months of August and September.

Raja Praba

It is a three days long harvest festival where the first day is called Pahili Raja, second day is called Raja Sankanthi and third day is called Basi Raja.



It is celebrated on 13th January every year. It marks the ending of winters, as Sun moves from Winter Soloists to Equinox. Sun God is worshipped during the festival.



It is a festival which is celebrated by females and dedicated to Lord Shiva and Parvati as the symbol of love and successful marriage.


It is celebrated to mark the onset of monsoon and prosperity in the region. Women dress in green attire and wish for the health and well-being of their husbands.

Braj Holi

It is celebrated in the Bharatpur district of Rajasthan before Holi. Lord Krishna is worshiped during the festival.



Dhulandi This festival is known as the festival of spring, the festival of love Krishna Praripada of Chaitra month is celebrated on the second day of Holi


Saga Dawa

It celebrates the rich culture of Sikkim.

Tendo Lho Rum Faat

People worship mountains, rivers, lakes, and caves during the festival.

Tamil Nadu


It marks the last day of a Tamil Year.


It is celebrated by the Tamil and Malayali Hindu community to mark the victory of good over evil.


This festival is celebrated in Jalli Kattu of Tamil Nadu, on this occasion bullfighting is done.

Natyanjali Festival

It is an annual dance festival devoted to Lord Shiva.



It is a Hindu festival dedicated to Goddess Mahakali.


It is the nine days long floral festival which starts on the first day of Navratri and ends on Durgashtami.


Kharchi Pooja

It is a Hindu festival where 14 Hindu Gods are worshiped, including the Earth.

Uttar Pradesh

Kumbha Mela

It is a mass Hindu pilgrimage where Hindus bathe in the holy river of Ganges. It is celebrated every 12 years.


It is a harvest festival and involves ritual bathing.


Ganga Dusshera

It is celebrated for ten days in the month of May-June every year to mark the descent of holy river Ganga from heaven.

West Bengal

Durga Pooja

It is one of the oldest traditions of the Hindu community in Bengal. They worship Goddess Durga during the festival. Women put red powder on each other’s faces.



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