Enhance your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 4th August, 2021

By Shrayans Jain|Updated : August 4th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your ability to score better in all the law entrance exams. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or it's meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

 

Our series, ‘Enhance your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Indian Express', followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Paradise for pigs

Important Words from the Article

1. WordAbyss (अगाध गर्त्त)

  • Pronunciationuh-bis/अबिस
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a deep or seemingly bottomless chasm; the regions of hell conceived of as a bottomless pit.
  • Synonyms: gulf, depth, fissure
  • Antonyms: utopia, bliss, delight
  • Use in a Sentence: They took a long look into the abyss before deciding whether to jump.

2. Word: Stoke (भड़कानाभट्टी में कोयला झोंकना)

  • Pronunciation: stohk/ स्टोक
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. encourage or incite (a strong emotion or tendency).
    b. add coal or other solid fuel to (a fire, furnace, boiler, etc.).
  • Synonyms: fuel, feed, inflame, incite
  • Antonyms: extinguish
  • Usage in a sentence: He continued to stoke up hatred in his speeches.

 3Word: Surpass (बढ़ जाना)

  • Pronunciation: ser-pas/ सर-पास
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: exceeded; be greater than / be better than.
  • Synonyms: exceed, excel, transcend, outpaced
  • Antonyms: fail, emanate, expose, lose
  • Usage in a Sentence: Since I am practising harder, I know this time I will surpass last year’s exam score.

4. Word: Absurd (विसंगति)

  • Pronunciation: ab-surd/ ऐब्सर्ड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning
    a. wildly unreasonable, illogical, or inappropriate. (Adjective)
    b. an absurd state of affairs. (Noun)
  • Synonyms: preposterous, ridiculous, ludicrous, farcical
  • Antonyms: reasonable, sensible, logical, serious
  • Usage in a Sentence: The Trump administration is taking this argument to an absurd and cruel extreme.

5. Word: Veteran (अनुभवी)

  • Pronunciation:vet-er-uh n /वेट्रन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person who has had long experience in a particular field.
  • Synonyms: experienced, skilled
  • Antonyms: amateur, jejune
  • Use in a Sentence: She is a veteran campaigner for human rights.

6. Word: Mull (विचार करना)

  • Pronunciation: muhl/मल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. think about (something) deeply and at length.
  • Synonyms: ponder, contemplate
  • Antonyms: ignore, disregard
  • Usage in Sentence: I need some time to mull it over before making a decision.

7. Word: Slum (अविपंक/गंदी बस्ती)

  • Pronunciation: sluhm/स्लम
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. Often slums. a thickly populated, run-down, squalid part of a city, inhabited by poor people (Noun)
    b. any squalid, run-down place to live (Noun)
    c. to visit slums, especially from curiosity (Verb)
    d. to visit or frequent a place, group, or amusement spot considered to be low in social status (Verb)
  • Synonyms: hovel, dump, pigsty, ghetto
  • Usage in a sentence: Did you feel you were slumming by writing this kind of popular fiction?

8. Word: Raze (ढहाना)

  • Pronunciation: reyz/ रेज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: completely destroy (a building, town, or other settlement)
  • Synonyms: demolish, destroy, wreck, bulldoze, dismantle, devastate
  • Antonyms: construct, raise, make, erect
  • Usage in a Sentence: The developer razed the old school building and built a high-rise condominium complex.

9. Word: Ostensibly (काल्पनिक रूप से)

  • Pronunciation: o-sten-suh-buh l/ ओस्तेंसिब्ली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; apparently
  • Synonyms: apparently, seemingly, allegedly, superficially
  • Antonyms: truly, improbably, unlikely
  • Usage in a SentenceOstensibly he was on a business trip, but he spent most of the time on the beach.

10. Word: Dissent (असम्मत होनाअसम्मति)

  • Pronunciation: dih-sent/डिसेन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. hold or express opinions that are at variance with those commonly or officially held. [Verb]
    b. the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: conflict, disagree, protest
  • Antonyms: agree, assent, agreement
  • Usage in a sentence: Voices of dissent began to rise against the bombing.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Veteran 
  • Ponder
  • Stoke
  • Dissent
  • Slumming

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordAntonym
1conflictamateur
2excelreasonable
3inflamefail
4preposterousextinguish
5experiencedagreement

Share your answers in the comment section. 

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Shrayans JainShrayans JainMember since Jan 2021
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