e-waste(management) rules, 2016

By Abhishek Jain |Updated : June 13th, 2022

Materials that are discharged to, deposited in, or emitted to an environment in such an amount or manner that cause a harmful change are termed as waste. Waste includes all such items that people no longer require or are not of any use for, which they want to discard. Waste management is the series of processes, generation, prevention, characterisation, monitoring, treatment, handling, reuse and residual deposition of waste.

E-waste management and its rules are directly asked in competitive exams like UPSC, State PCS and other government exams. Here, important highlights of e-waste (management) rules, 2016 are discussed.

E-waste management in India

The discarded electronic products whose useful life has ended like computer equipment, home appliances, audio and video products etc are known as e-waste.

Electronic and electrical equipment contain different hazardous materials that are harmful to human health and the environment if not disposed of carefully.

E-waste in India

  • In the report of ‘Global E-waste Monitor 2014’ 17 lakh tonnes of waste is generated in the country in 2014 with an annual increase of 5 per cent of generation of e-waste.
  • The 65 cities generate more than 60% of the total generated e-waste whereas 10 states generate 70% of e-waste.
  • In India, among the top ten cities, Mumbai ranked first followed by Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata, Ahmadabad, Hyderabad, Pune, Surat, and Nagpur.
  • Most of the e-waste in India is recycled in unorganized units by a large amount of manpower. Recovery of metals by primitive means is the most hazardous act.
  • It can even cause damage to human beings through inhalation of gases during recycling, contact of skin with hazardous substances, and contact during acid treatment used in recovery processes. So, proper recovery methods are required.
  • Proper education, awareness and most importantly alternative cost-effective technology need to be provided to those who earn a livelihood from this.

E-waste Management Rules, 2016

For the first time, rules bring producers under extended producer responsibility (EPR) and made them responsible for the collection of e-waste.

Some of the highlights of rules are-

  1. Manufacturer, dealer, refurbisher and producers’ responsibility organisation have been introduced.
  2. Collection centres, collection points and take-back systems are some of the examples of the collection of waste by producers.
  3. For the implementation of EPR (extended producer responsibility), PRO (producer responsibility organisation), e-retailer, deposit fund scheme etc are set up so that e-waste can be better channelized.
  4. Provision of Pan-India EPR authorisation by CPCB has been introduced by replacing the state-wise EPR authorisation.
  5. The manufacturer is not responsible for the collection of e-waste which is generated through the manufacturing of any electrical and electronic material. Manufacturers need to seek authorization from SPCB.
  6. The dealer needs to provide a box to the consumer for collection and send it to the producer.
  7. Dealer or retailer needs to send back the money to the system of deposit refund scheme of the producer to the depositor of e-waste.
  8. Refurbisher needs to collect e-waste and send it to an authorised recycler. They need one-time authorization from SPCB.
  9. The role of the state government is also important to ensure the safety, health and skill development of the workers involved in the recycling processes.
  10. Transportation should be carried out as per the system. Transporter needs to carry a document prepared by the sender in detail.
  11. The financial penalty is also introduced against violation of norms like damage to the environment or the health of humankind.
  12. Urban local bodies also carry the duty of collecting e-waste and channelize it to recyclers.

A holistic approach is needed to address the challenge faced by India in e-waste management. A suitable mechanism needs to be evolved to include small units in the unorganised sector and large units in the organised sector.

Click Here to Download PDF

E-waste management PDF in English

E-waste management PDF in Hindi

MPPSC के लिए Complete Free Study Notes, अभी Download करें

Download Free PDFs of Daily, Weekly & Monthly करेंट अफेयर्स in Hindi & English

NCERT Books तथा उनकी Summary की PDFs अब Free में Download करें 


write a comment


  • The phase-wise collection targets for e-waste in weight shall be 10% of the quantity of waste generation as indicated in the EPR Plan during 2017-18, and also their is provision for 10% increase every year until 2023

  • Electronic Waste management Rules 2016 consists of 24 rules which is divided into 6 chapters and 4 Schedules.

  • The Government of India introduced the E-Waste Management Rules in 2016. The rules apply to businesses that are generating electronic waste items. The rules specify that businesses should make arrangements for the safe disposal of scrapped electronic items.

  • Yes, you can download the PDF in English and Hindi. In the above article we provide the download link to download the PDF.

  • consumers can be approached for collection of e-waste and end of life products. e-waste for a period not exceeding one hundred and eighty (180) days

Follow us for latest updates