Daily Current Affairs 01/10/2021
PM POSHAN Scheme
Why in News
- The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved the PM Poshan Shakti Nirman or PM POSHAN scheme for providing one hot cooked meal in Government and Government-aided schools.
- It has been launched for an initial period of five years (2021-22 to 2025-26).
- The earlier name of the scheme was National Scheme for Mid Day Meal in Schools (Mid Day Meal Scheme).
- It is a Centrally-Sponsored Scheme which covers all school children studying in Classes I-VIII of Government, Government-Aided Schools.
- The scheme covers about 80 crore children studying in 11.20 lakh schools across the country.
- The scheme is proposed to be extended to students studying in pre-primary or Bal Vatikas in addition to all the 11.80 crore children from elementary classes.
- The concept of TithiBhojan will be encouraged extensively.
- TithiBhojan is a community participation programme in which people provide special food to children on special occasions/festivals.
- Government is promoting the development of School Nutrition Gardens in schools to give children firsthand experience with nature and gardening.
Fund: The Central government will bear Rs 54,061 crore of the total estimated cost of Rs 1.3 lakh crore, with the state government paying Rs 31,733 crore (Rs 45,000 crore will be released by the Central government as subsidies for food grains).
Other Related Government Initiatives:
- Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana
- Anemia Mukt Bharat Abhiyan
- Poshan Abhiyaan
- The National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013
Source: Indian Express
PM Modi dedicates 35 crop varieties with special traits to the Nation
Why in News
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi dedicated 35 crop varieties with special traits to the Nation.
- He dedicated to the nation the newly constructed campus of the National Institute of Biotic Stress Management, Raipur.
- He distributed the Green Campus Award to Agricultural Universities.
- The crop varieties with special traits have been developed by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) to address the twin challenges of climate change and malnutrition.
- 35 such crop varieties with special traits like climate resilience and higher nutrient content have been developed in the year 2021.
Swachh Survekshan 2022
Why in News
- Hardeep Singh Puri, Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) launched the Swachh Survekshan 2022.
- It is the 7th consecutive edition of Swachh Survekshan (SS), conducted by Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U).
- Continuing with its theme of ‘People First’, SBM-U will organize a series of citizen centric activities under the overarching theme of ‘Jan Bhagidari’.
- The survey will give priority to the voices of senior citizens and young adults alike and reinforce their participation towards upholding the cleanliness of urban India.
- Introduced by MoHUA in 2016 to rank cities on cleanliness parameters in 73 cities, Swachh Survekshan has become the world’s largest urban cleanliness survey covering over 4,000 Urban Local Bodies (ULBs).
- This year’s Survekshan is committed to creating a level playing field for smaller cities by introducing two population categories under 15K and between 15-25K.
- To further expand the Survekshan footprint, district rankings have been introduced for the first time.
- The scope of the survey has been expanded to now cover 100% wards for sampling, as compared to 40% in previous years.
Note: Along with SS 2022, MoHUA also flagged off the field assessments for the Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge launched a year ago.
Convergence scheme to support Micro Food Processing Units of Urban SHGs
Why in News
- The Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) launched a Convergence scheme between PM Formalisation of Micro-food processing Enterprises (PMFME) & Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) scheme.
- It will support Micro Food Processing Units of Urban SHGs (Self Help Groups).
- The Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) launched the PMFME scheme as a part of “Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan” to enhance competitiveness of individual micro-enterprises in the unorganized segment & promote formalization of this sector.
- MoHUA is implementing a flagship Scheme named DAY-NULM, which has mobilised over 61 lakhs urban poor women into SHGs and their federations.
- Both the Schemes have been converged to benefit members from these SHGs.
Note: DAY-NULM has already signed MoUs with Amazon and Flipkart for sale of ‘SonChiraiya’ products made by SHGs on market place and making efforts for helping their business and showcase their products.
‘NIDHI 2.0’ & ‘India Tourism Statistics – At a Glance, 2021’
Why in News
- Ministry of Tourism, Government of India launched NIDHI 2.0 (National Integrated Database of Hospitality Industry) and “India Tourism Statistics: At a Glance, 2021.
- A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed between the Ministry of Tourism, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and The Responsible Tourism Society of India (RTSOI) to actively promote and support ‘sustainability initiatives’ in the tourism sector of each other.
About NIDHI (National Integrated Database of Hospitality Industry):
- NIDHI was launched by the Ministry of Tourism to facilitate the digitalization of the tourism sector.
- Registration with NIDHI ensures electronic delivery of various services and benefits to the hospitality unit.
Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize 2021
- The names of 11 scientists, who received the country’s highest science award Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for science and technology 2021, were announced during the 80th foundation day of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).
List of 11 scientists awardees:
- Dr Amit Singh
- Dr Arun Kumar Shukla
- Dr Kanishka Biswas
- Dr T Govindaraju
Earth, Atmosphere, Ocean and Planetary Sciences:
- Dr Binoy Kumar Saikia
- Dr Debdeep Mukhopadhyay
- Dr Anish Ghosh
- Dr Saket Saurabh
- Dr Jeemon Panniyammakal
- Dr Rohit Srivastava
- Dr Kanak Saha
About Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize:
- It is a science award given annually by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).
- The prize is given to Indian scientists below the age of 45 for outstanding research in seven fields—Biology, Chemistry, Environment Science, Engineering, Mathematics, Medicine and Physics.
- The prize comprises a citation, a plaque, and a cash award of ₹5 lakh.
India's first Sports Arbitration Centre in Gujarat
Why in News
- Union Law Minister Kiren Rijiju inaugurated the country's first "Sports Arbitration Centre of India" (SACI) in Gujarat.
- The SACI will serve as an independent body to fast track disputes in the sports sector.
- The SACI will be promoted by Ahmedabad-based SE TransStadia Pvt Ltd.
- The Ministry of Law and Justice will provide all the legal backing to the SACI.
Nimaben Acharya becomes 1st woman Speaker of Gujarat Assembly
Why in News
- Senior BJP MLA Nimaben Acharya became the first woman Speaker of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly.
- For the first time after the formation of Gujarat in 1960, the state Assembly has a woman Speaker.
- A gynaecologist by profession, 74-year-old Acharya is the fifth-time MLA from Bhuj-Kutch.
Facts about Gujarat:
- Capital: Gandhinagar
- Chief Minister: Bhupendrabhai Patel
- Governor: Acharya Devvrat
Dr Rukmini Banerji and Professor Eric A. Hanushek awarded the 2021 Yidan Prize
Why in News
- Pratham CEO Dr Rukmini Banerji (India-based) and Eric A. Hanushek (US-based), Professor at Stanford University have been awarded the 2021 Yidan Prize.
- Dr Rukmini Banerji, Chief Executive Officer of the Pratham Education Foundation is this year’s recipient of the prestigious Yidan Prize for Education Development for her work on improving children’s learning levels.
- Professor Eric A. Hanushek was selected as the recipient of the 2021 Yidan Prize for Education Research.
About Yidan Prize:
- The Yidan Prize Foundation was formally established in 2016 by Dr Charles Chen Yidan.
- Each year the Yidan Prize is awarded in two categories to individuals, or teams of up to three members: Education Research, Education Development
A book “The Fractured Himalaya: India Tibet China 1949-62” authored by Nirupama Rao
- Nirupama Rao has authored a book titled “The Fractured Himalaya: India Tibet China 1949-62”.
- The book provides an understanding of India-China relations.
- Nirupama Rao is a retired civil servant of 1973 batch Indian Foreign Service cadre who served as India's Foreign Secretary from 2009 to 2011, as well as being India's Ambassador to the United States, China and Sri Lanka during her career.
September 30, World Maritime Day
Why in News
- World Maritime Day is observed every year on the last Thursday of the month of September and this year it falls on September 30, 2021.
- The theme of 2021 is “Seafarers: at the core of shipping’s future".
- The day is based on maritime safety and the maritime environment.
- The need for an international day for the maritime industry came with the establishment of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), a specialised agency for the purpose.
- The first World Maritime Day was observed on March 17, 1978.