National Girl Child Day is celebrated in India on 24th January every year. The Ministry of Women and Child Development initiated this celebration in 2008. The purpose of celebrating Girls' Day across the country is for:
- Emphasizing and eradicating the inequality faced by girls
- Raising awareness of the relevance of health, academics, and nutrition for girls
- Promoting awareness of girls' rights
National Girl Child Day 2022
National Girl Child Day will be celebrated nationwide to raise awareness of the lowering gender ratio (CSR - Child Sex Ratio) and creating a positive environment for girls.
The day is also the anniversary of the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) program. This year, the Ministry of Women and Child Development celebrated National Girls' Day against the backdrop of India's Independence for 75 years.
Various departments of the Government of India, including the Department of Education, Sports, Skills Development, and the Ministry of Science and Technology, carry out various initiatives and programs for the advancement and empowerment of girls.
National Education Policy (NEP) 2020
The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 introduced the Gender Inclusion Fund for the development of girls. The Government of India will establish a Gender Inclusion Fund to provide quality and equitable education to all girls. The fund provides 100% school and higher education admission for girls, narrowing gender inequality at all levels.
It focuses on empowering girls through dialogue to support and expand effective community-based interventions for girls and transgender students to address the barriers inherent in local situations.
Other Initiatives Taken for Girls
The School Education and Literacy Division of the Ministry of Education (MoE) implemented Samagra Shiksha, an Integrated School Education Program (ISSE) for girls' education.
Bridging gender and social gaps at all levels of school education is one of Samagra Siksha's main goals. Various interventions were incorporated within the framework of Samagra Siksha to ensure girls' participation in education. These interventions include:
- Free textbooks for girls up to Grade VIII
- Providing uniforms for children below the Poverty Line (BPL), all girls, and SC/ST children, up to Grade VIII
- Construction of gender-separated toilets in all schools
- Teacher awareness programs to encourage girl participation
- Provision of self-defence training for girls from Class VI to XII
- Scholarships for girls with special needs from Class I to XII
- Boarding schools/dormitories for girls
- Allocating a high percentage of residential areas for teachers in difficult/remote terrain areas.
FAQs on National Girl Child Day
Q.1. What is the NEP focused on in terms of improving girls' education?
NEP 2020 focuses on the safety of school-aged girls on and off-campus. Schools need to deal with discrimination, annoyance, harassment, and domineering campuses before applying for an annual accreditation. This will improve the attendance rate of girls in the class.
The policy also identifies social practices and gender stereotypes that hinder girls from availing of academic education.
Q.2. What is the initiative of the Ministry of Youth Affairs for girls in sports?
The exclusive elements of the Khelo India scheme, which is the flagship central sector scheme of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, focus on eliminating the barriers that girls and women face when participating in sporting activities and the mechanisms for overcoming them and increasing their participation.
Q.3. What is the initiative of the Ministry of Skills Development for women?
The Ministry of Skills Development strives to build an ecosystem that helps women develop skills in India. Of the 33 National Skills Training Institutes (NSTIs), 19 NSTIs offer female-only skills training.