Global warming is one of the biggest environmental challenges in the 21st century due to rising CO2 levels in the atmosphere. As a result, policymakers are increasingly recognizing the importance of reducing CO2 and other pollutants emissions and the National Green Hydrogen Mobility project is a step in the right direction.
The transport sector plays a significant role in global CO2 emissions. In India, it is estimated that almost 25% of the total CO2 emissions come from road transport. With an increasing number of vehicles on roads and growing urbanization, there are serious concerns about air pollution from motor vehicles. This is where the National Green Hydrogen Mobility project comes in.
Hydrogen fuel cell technology can reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from passenger cars and public transport buses. It can also reduce the dependence on imported crude oil to meet our energy needs by using renewable energy resources to produce hydrogen.
It also envisages developing innovative technologies for hydrogen storage and transportation through fuel cells to enable the country's deployment of hydrogen-based energy systems.
What is Green Hydrogen?
Hydrogen is a clean fuel and produces water as the only emission upon combustion. It can be used in all sectors of the economy such as power generation heat production, industrial process heat, mobility and transport applications, railway and shipping applications, etc.
Green hydrogen is produced using electrolysis, splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen. This can be done using wind or solar power, making the hydrogen 'green'.
The hydrogen economy is a system in which hydrogen is used as a fuel for vehicles and other transport systems. Hydrogen fuel cells are vital for the transition to a low-carbon economy.
What is the Green Hydrogen Mobility Project?
India's National Green Hydrogen Mobility Project aims to use renewable energy to produce green hydrogen (H2), which will provide energy needs for zero-emission vehicles such as cars and public transportation.
Green hydrogen is produced using renewable energy sources and does not contribute to greenhouse gas emissions. Increasingly renewable electricity will be the backbone of our future energy system. Therefore, it is safe to assume that renewable electricity will be abundant in the future and that there will be a need for large-scale storage options to balance this variable supply with demand.
India has taken an enormous step forward in the global fight against climate change as the country is planning to develop a massive hydrogen ecosystem. The Indian government recently initiated the national green hydrogen mobility project to produce green hydrogen at scale by 2032.
The NTPC Renewable Energy Limited has approved a proposal for India's National Green Hydrogen Mobility Project.
National Green Hydrogen Mobility Project Significance
The project aims to promote research and development of green hydrogen as a fuel for transportation and stationary applications such as power generation. The project will initially focus on hydrogen in logistics, buses, cars, and two-wheelers.
This project aims to develop technologies that can reduce the cost of production, storage, and dispensing of hydrogen gas, which will support the Make in India initiatives in the future. The project will bring industry leaders together to establish cooperation and collaboration between industry, academia, and national research institutes to develop hydrogen mobility in India.
Hydrogen is expected to play a crucial role in facilitating the transition to a more sustainable energy system as part of a global strategy to reduce emissions while satisfying growing energy demand. Hydrogen can support decarbonization across all aspects of the economy.
The National Green Hydrogen Mobility Project in India is a project of the Indian government to promote hydrogen-powered electric vehicles in India. It is a historic step towards reducing carbon emissions and moving towards greener pastures.
FAQs on National Green Hydrogen Mobility Project
Q.1) What is the National Green Hydrogen Mobility Project?
The National Green Hydrogen Mobility Project (NGHMP) is an initiative that offers alternative fuel in public bus transportation. This initiative aims to reduce air pollution and cut down the carbon footprint in India.
Q.2) How long will the National Green Hydrogen Mobility Project take to complete?
The National Green Hydrogen Mobility Project will be completed by 2032, with a working prototype in operation by 2024.
Q.3) What is the vision for the National Green Hydrogen Mobility project by the Honourable Prime Minister of India?
The vision of the National Green Hydrogen Mobility project sets the precedent that India will become carbon-neutral by 2070.
Q.4) Is the National Green Hydrogen Mobility project a historic move?
Yes, the National Green Hydrogen Mobility project is a historic step towards reducing carbon emissions and moving towards greener pastures.