Haiderpur Wetland is an artificial wetland in Bijnor in Uttar Pradesh. It is a part of the Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary and spans an area of about 6908 hectares. It was formed out of the construction of the Madhya Ganga Barrage on the floodplains of the Ganges River in 1984.
The area is covered by the Ganga and its tributary river Solani and is one of the biggest wetlands created by humans.
Haiderpur Wetland - Key Facts
The Haiderpur Wetland is an artificial site that lies between the Ganga and the Solani river on the Bijnor-Muzaffarnagar border. The wetland boasts biodiversity that attracts birds and animal species.
It is home to over 30 plant species, more than 300 bird species, over 100 waterfowl species, and 40 fish types. Exotic birds can be found here as they arrive, crossing the hills of Mongolia. There are also several species of deer, butterflies, alligators, crocodiles, turtles, and dolphins here.
Haiderpur Wetland supports over 25,000 waterbirds and offers a breeding site for rare species like the Indian grassbird and a shelter to some northern species during their migration.
The wetland also supports over 15 globally threatened species, including black-bellied tern, hog deer, Indian skimmer, steppe eagle, and gold mahseer.
Significance of Haiderpur Wetlands
Its location in the Central Asian Flyway is highly strategic and an important stop for winter migratory birds. The site is also useful for tourism, recreation, educational and scientific activities.
The first Haiderpur bird festival was celebrated in February 2020. The wetland shares its borders with eight villages of the state, and some other villages also have access to it. It has remained good because it was lesser known among the masses, but it was used for fishing activities.
Growing Threats To The Haider Wetland
A threat to the Haiderpur Wetland is the possibility of turning it into a picnic spot.
Another challenge is the Ipomea weed which can choke the wetland. As the lake comes from the Solani River, water hyacinth from the waste coming from the river bank is also a problem.
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Recently, the Haiderpur Wetland gets recognised as the 47th Ramsar site in the country, as confirmed by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. This makes it a site of international significance, and it ranks as the 2463rd Ramsar site in the world.
It is also the tenth Ramsar site recognised in Uttar Pradesh. At present, India has 49 Ramsar sites designated to have international importance with other sites in Uttar Pradesh like Sur Sarovar, Saman Bird Sanctuary, and Upper Ganga River.
FAQs on Haiderpur Wetland
Q1) How many Ramsar sites, such as the Haiderpur Wetlands, are located in India?
India has 49 Ramsar sites such as the Haiderpur Wetlands at present.
Q2) Is Haiderpur Wetlands the biggest wetland in India?
The Sunderbans in West Bengal is India's largest wetland. The Haiderpur Wetland is the 32nd largest wetland in the country.
Q3) How many wetlands are situated in Uttar Pradesh and including the Haiderpur Wetland?
Presently, Uttar Pradesh has 11 wetlands, the most among all the states, and also includes the Haiderpur Wetland.
Q4) What number of Ramsar sites is the Haiderpur Wetland?
Haiderpur Wetland in UP is designated as the 47th Ramsar site in India.
Q5) When was the Haiderpur Wetland designated as a Ramsar Wetland?
The Haiderpur Wetland was designated as such on 31st April 2021.