Green India Mission [GIM]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Feb 22, 2023, 12:52

The National Mission for a Green India or, more commonly, the Green India Mission (GIM) is one of the eight missions that are part of India's action plan to address the issue of climate change which is known as the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). GIM was launched at the beginning of February 2014 aims at preserving, restoring and improving India's decreasing forest cover, and responding to climate change through a mix of mitigation and adaptation strategies.

The mission has the goal of increasing the area of forest and covers by 5 million ha and also improving the quality of the existing forest and its cover over the additional 5 million hectares of non-forest land in the next 10 years. The mission offers a comprehensive perspective on greening and is focused not only on the carbon capture targets only as much as focuses on the multiple ecosystem services, including biomass, biodiversity, water, and so on. and also provides services such as fuel, fodder, or non-timber forest products. It will also enhance the possibilities of forest-based life for the people who live on the fringes of these areas where the mission is carried out.

Typically, the term "mission mode" refers to a "mission mode" project implies an initiative that has clearly defined goals, scopes as well as implementation timelines and deadlines as tangible results along with service standards.

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Green India Mission [GIM] Goals

The Mission objectives are given below:

  • To increase the amount of forest and tree cover to five million hectares (MHA) and to improve the quality of the cover of trees and forest on additional 5 MHA of forest and non-forest areas; There are separate sub-targets for various forest types as well as ecosystems (eg. Wetland, grassland, dense forest etc.). For example, GIM aims at:
    • Enhancing the quality of forest cover as well as ecosystem services provided by forests/non-forests that include moderately dense open forests, grassland that has been degraded and wetland (5 millimetres). The sub-targets include:
      • Very dense forest cover but with signs of degrading: 1.5 m ha
      • Eco-restoration and replanting of open forests 3 MHA
      • Restoration of Grasslands: 0.4 m ha
      • Restoration of Wetlands: 0.10 m ha
    • Eco-restoration/afforestation of scrub, shifting cultivation areas, cold deserts, mangroves, ravines and abandoned mining areas (1.8 m ha) with separate sub-targets for each one of those.
    • Improvement of forest and tree cover on urban/peri-urban areas (0.20 M ha)
    • Improvement of the forest and tree cover of marginal agricultural lands/fallows as well as another non-forest land under the agroforestry or social forest (3 3000 m ha)
  • To enhance eco-system services such as carbon storage as well as storage (in forests and in other ecosystems) as well as hydrological services and biodiversity, as well as providing services such as fodder, fuel, wood as well as non-timber forest produce (Minor forest producers or MFPs) and more, which are anticipated to result from the treatment of 10 mha;
  • To boost the forest-based income for around 3 million households living in and around these areas of forest and
  • Increased annually carbon dioxide 2 sequestrations by 50-60 million tonnes in 2020.

The Green India Mission envisions the possibility of a holistic approach to eco-friendly practices (instead of simply planting trees or performing plantings) and concentrates on the multiple ecosystem services including biodiversity such as biomass, water, conserving mangroves, wetlands crucial habitats, etc. in addition to carbon sequestration as an added benefit. The GIM stands as one of the most prominent missions of the National Action Plan on Climate Change and is a step in the right direction towards environmental conservation carried out holistically.

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FAQs on Green India Mission

Q.1. What is the primary goal of the Green India Mission?

GIM which was announced at the beginning of February 2014 aims at protecting, restoring, and increasing the forest cover in India and adapting to climate change through the combination of mitigation and adaptation.

Q.2. Was the Green India Mission successful?

The Green India Mission plan that was intended to promote afforestation, has been unable to meet the requirements of 30% of its target between 2015-16 and 2020-21.

Q.3. What is the significance of having a Green India Mission?

The lush greenery in India is important in that it aids in the development of the nation and reduces pollution of the air. Through the dense green forest cover, the air is cleansed. Forests also reduce the effects of natural disasters on the country. Additionally, a high percentage of forest cover is beneficial in maintaining the balance of the ecosystem.

Q.4. What is Green India Mission?

The Green India Mission acknowledges the influences that the forestry sector has on environmental amelioration through climate mitigation, water security, biodiversity and livelihood security of forest-dependent.