Golden Fibre Revolution

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Feb 22, 2023, 12:25

The Golden Fibre Revolution is attributed to jute, one of India's most popularly grown fibres. Jute is a golden fibre that appears to be silky and shiny. The skin of the plant's stem is the cheapest source of fibre. Jute is a golden fibre as it has a colour with sheen, and it is believed to have a great value.

As a result, jute manufacturing is linked to the Golden Fibre Revolution in India.

After cotton, jute is the most popular fabric among the local folks of India, but it finds its use much beyond clothing. Jute became a popular raw material used in various industries during the Industrial Revolution. It is being utilized to make various products and even make threads for making clothes today.

Background of Golden Fibre Revolution

When it was a part of undivided India, Bengal was quite popular as it had several plantations of jute. As a result, the entire population of Bengal used jute in some form or the other. Also, the proximity of Bengal to some of the rivers made it an ideal location for jute cultivation.

When Britishers came to India in the East India Company, they realized the potential of jute as a fabric. They started planting jute trees everywhere as they wanted to make jute commercials. They made use of bags made of jute to distribute essential grains among the public.

Jute is quite expensive, and hence, it significantly contributed to the growth of industries in the Bengal state. Jute became so crucial for Bengal that the economy started resting on the shoulders of jute. The primary objective of the Golden Fibre Revolution was to give a system to the way jute was being managed in the country.

India is known as the world's largest producer of jute, with an annual output of roughly 1.986 million tonnes. India has gained a reputation for being one of the most advanced Jute producers as it makes use of different kinds of technologies to do so. Jute output in West Bengal constitutes over half of the country's total. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, Meghalaya, and Orissa are also key jute-producing states in India.

India is known for consuming the maximum number of jute products in a year, and it also continues to be the primary producer of jute. In 2011, about 337000 tonnes of jute were imported to the country as the demand for jute products increased.

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Significance of Golden Fibre Revolution

  • Jute improves the soil's quality and fertility, which also serves the other plants growing in the soil
  • Jute producers who organize their cultivation get carbon credits, and they can save some money using these credits
  • The value of jute cultivation's carbon credit is based on farmers' savings on inorganic fertilizer purchases
  • Jute's use as a renewable resource has made it an important resource for the paper industry

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Why Do We Need Golden Fibre Revolution?

Earlier, India was the only major player in jute production, but this continued until we got independence. After independence, the industry was damaged, and there were several reasons for the same:

  • When the partition of India took place, several jute-producing areas became a part of Bangladesh. Hence, India was falling short of raw materials.
  • All machinery used to process jute had become obsolete, and new machines were needed immediately.
  • As the country became overly dependent on jute and failed to transform how jute is cultivated, India's jute sector has become unproductive and unattractive.

All of these reasons brought about the onset of the Golden Fibre Revolution.

Earlier, Jute production was one of the major areas where India thrived and revived that glory, and the Golden Fibre Revolution was started.

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FAQs on Golden Fibre Revolution

Q1. What alternative uses of jute came up during the Golden Fibre Revolution?

The alternative uses of jute that came up during the Golden Fibre Revolution are a critical raw ingredient in the paper industry because it is renewable.

Q2. Which crop is known as the Golden Fibre per the Golden Fibre Revolution?

Jute is called the Golden Fibre in accordance with the Golden Fibre Revolution.

Q3. What is the biggest cause of the Golden Fibre Revolution?

When the partition of India took place, several jute-producing areas became a part of Bangladesh. Hence, India was falling short of raw materials, which called for the Golden Fibre Revolution.

Q4. When was the Jute Technology Mission Started that gave a new direction to the Golden Fibre Revolution?

The Jute Technology Mission was started in 2006, and it gave a new direction to the Golden Fibre Revolution.