Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jun 3, 2022, 10:15

The Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO] is an anti-terrorist organisation. The main CSTO task in counteracting the threat of international terrorism is cooperation in conducting joint operations against terrorist groups and organisations on members' territory.

The main goal of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO] is to ensure peace and stability not only in the territories of the participants but also in their neighbourhoods.

What is the Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO]?

Following the signed agreement, the participants of the CSTO pledged to refrain from the act of terrorism. Its primary goals are to prevent wars or conflicts among its member states; combat terrorism; develop joint responses to other security threats, and coordinate peacekeeping efforts.

In recent years, the CSTO has been increasingly viewed as a counterweight to NATO. The collective security organisation conducts joint military exercises and operates a rapid response force to counter threats made by terrorist groups and other forces.

Objectives of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO]

The main objective of the CSTO is to create a collective system of security in the post-Soviet space, where member states are guaranteed assistance in case of external aggression.

The objectives of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation are to:

  1. Implement the principles of collective security and peaceful settlement of disputes established by the United Nations Charter
  2. Strengthen the sovereign equality and territorial integrity of States
  3. Promote the political, economic, scientific and technological cooperation among the Member States
  4. Ensure international peace, security and stability around the globe

☛ Also Download: Daily Current Affairs PDF

Member States in the Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO]

The Collective Security Treaty (CST) was signed by the leaders of Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan. The treaty created a forum for member states to consult each other on mutual interests such as antiterrorism and international security. Since its inception, Uzbekistan joined in 2006.

CSTO's current chairman is the President of Russia-Vladimir Putin. The CSTO has an integrated command structure and supranational decision-making body - the Collective Security Council composed of the Heads of State of member nations.

In an effort to ensure international stability, on 7 October 2002, the Presidents of the five CSTO member states (Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan) signed the Collective Security Treaty reaffirming the desire of all participants to abstain from the use or threat of force.

Important UPSC Topics
IAS ExamUPSC Exam
UPSC Exam PatternIAS Age Limit
UPSC BooksUPSC Syllabus in Hindi
UPSC Admit CardUPSC Prelims
IAS SyllabusUPSC Question Paper
UPSC Cut OffUPSC Mains

Purpose of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO]

CSTO's stated goal is to "facilitate cooperation in combating threats to the collective security of its member states." It is an anti-terrorist military alliance that includes 6 CIS countries, and the main task of the CSTO is to prevent possible armed conflicts and terrorist attacks.

The organisation has its charter and decision-making bodies: the council of heads of state (once a year), the board of heads of government (twice a year), a panel of foreign ministers (annually) and a permanent council (weekly).

Collective Security Treaty Organization consists of willing nations with a common goal of keeping peace and stability through cooperation, coordination, and long-term vision. The organisation is now viewed as a counterweight to NATO. It conducts joint military exercises and operates a rapid response force to counter threats made by terrorist groups and other forces.

More Current Affairs Topics
Corporate TaxCorruption Perception Index [CPI]
COVAXCOVID Variants
Consumer Price Index [CPI]Credit Rating Agencies in India
Crime and Criminal Tracking Network And Systems [CCTNS]Criminal Courts
Criminal Justice System in IndiaCriminal Tribes Act 1871

FAQs on Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO]

Q1. What is Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO]?

The Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO] is an observer organisation at the United Nations General Assembly. The Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO] charter reiterated the wish of all participating states to refrain from using or threatening the use of force.

Q2. Which are the member states of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO]?

Six post-Soviet states belonging to the Commonwealth of Independent States - Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Uzbekistan, Armenia, and Kyrgyzstan - signed the Collective Security Treaty to form Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO].

Q3. What is the aim of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO]?

Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO] aims to provide collective security to its member nations by political means and economic measures. The organisation is responsible for establishing a collective defence between members, with particular attention to military cooperation. These international laws and institutions are critical in preventing wars and keeping global relations stable.

Q4. Who is the current chairman of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO]?

The Collective Security Treaty Organisation [CSTO] current chairman is the President of Russia-Vladimir Putin.