What is Migration in India?

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 24, 2022, 13:16

India is one of the most populous countries globally, but it does not have sufficient resources for its population. With a growing population and limited natural resources, Migration in India has been a frequent occurrence in India for a long time.

Migration happens when people leave their hometown or the city or village they live in to go to other places to improve their living conditions or make money. The younger population of India (15 - 35 years), especially in this day and age, is migrating but moving to different countries for employment to make money for their families.

Reasons for Migration in India

Lack of Employment Opportunities in India

In India, both urban and rural areas suffer from a lack of employment opportunities. Young people cannot get jobs or enough salaries because Indian firms and industries are not investing much in research and development or a new field of work, leading to a shortage of jobs for the youth.

Persistent Poverty in India

Even though India has a growing economy, people in poverty have increased over the past two decades. Even though there is enough food produced in India, many people go hungry because they cannot afford to buy it. Farmers in many areas do not get good prices for their produce, so they cannot earn enough money to buy their food.

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There are also frequent natural disasters, especially floods and droughts. They cause people to lose their homes and livelihoods, which makes them have to look for new places to live, making them migrate. Climate change is particularly harsh in India.

Poverty, lack of resources and employment opportunities, bad conditions for agriculture caused by climate change, food crisis, disasters and famine are all reasons for Migration in India.

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Effects of Migration on Economy

Migration in India has a large impact on the Indian economy. For example, people who are the breadwinners of the family are unemployed, so they cannot feed their families. This decrease in family income results in decreased production and consumption rates that lead to problems for the country's economy.

Migration in India is a difficult issue, and it has serious consequences for society. The government has been trying to launch social welfare programs and develop the economy to create new jobs for the masses to solve this problem. Large-scale migration has not stopped yet, and it will continue as people pursue better living conditions and higher standards of living.

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FAQs on Migration in India

Q1. What is Migration in India?

Migration in India is when people leave their hometowns or some other places to go to different places to improve their living conditions or make money that they cannot earn in their current place of residence.

Q2. What effect does Migration in India have?

Migration in India has a large impact on the Indian economy. For example, people who are the breadwinners of the family are unemployed, so they cannot feed their families. This decrease in family income results in decreased production and consumption rates that lead to problems for the country's economy.

Q3. Why is Migration in India on the increase?

Migration in India is on the rise because the unemployment rate in India is high (15 per cent), and there are not enough jobs for people who want a job.

Q4. What are the causes of Migration in India?

The main cause of Migration in India is the lack of jobs and the high unemployment rate in India. People cannot meet the expenses for their families and themselves, leading them to migrate. Also, the government does not provide an attractive life for its citizens, which makes them face economic problems, social conflicts, strikes, or difficult living conditions, making them want to migrate.