Beijing Declaration 1995

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 8, 2022, 8:08

The Beijing Declaration 1995 is an ambitious agenda for women's equality and empowerment. It is still the most significant international policy initiative and roadmap for action today, and it serves as a source of direction and inspiration for achieving gender equality and advancing the rights of women and girls across the world.

Beijing Declaration 1995 - History & Origin

  • In September 1995, the Fourth World Conference on Women held in Beijing (China) produced the Beijing Declaration of 1995, a historic record.
  • After two weeks of political debate, representatives from 189 governments agreed to pledges that were unprecedented in scale and signed the exchange of information on best practices and sharing of experiences.
  • The Forum of Non-Governmental Organizations in Huairou, a unique forum for lobbying, networking, training, and information sharing, drew approximately 30,000 individuals.
  • Poverty, education and training, health, violence, armed conflict, economics, power and decision-making, institutional processes, human rights, media, environment, and the girl child are all addressed in the Platform for Action, which is still important today as it was 27 years ago.
  • Strategic objectives were specified for each crucial area of concern, and a complete list of relevant activities was implemented by governments and other stakeholders at the national, regional, and worldwide levels.
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Developments in the Aftermath of Beijing Declaration 1995

  • Governments, civic society, and other stakeholders have been working since 1995 to eliminate discrimination against women and girls to achieve equality in all spheres of life, both public and private.
  • Discriminatory legislation is being repealed, and detrimental behaviours such as violence against women and girls are being addressed.
  • Girls' school enrollment has increased significantly, and women's engagement in the labour force and the economy is rising in some places.
  • Women currently make up more than 20% of national legislatures throughout the world.
  • In the global agenda on women, peace, and security, significant normative progress has been accomplished.
  • Nearly two decades after the Platform for Action was adopted, no nation has achieved gender equality, and considerable degrees of inequality between men and women still prevail to date.
  • Access to decent work and closing the gender pay gap are critical areas of insufficient progress, as are rebalancing the care workload, ending violence against women, reducing maternal mortality, and realizing sexual and reproductive health and rights, as well as participation in decision-making at all levels.
  • Much has been accomplished, but progress has been too sluggish and unequal, particularly for the most vulnerable women and girls who face many types of discrimination.

Major Concerns of Beijing Declaration 1995

  • The ongoing and growing impact of poverty on women
  • Inequalities and deficiencies in education and training, as well as uneven access to health care and associated services
  • Violence against women is on the rise.
  • Inequality exists in economic structures and policies, as well as in all types of productive activity and resource access.
  • There is an inequity between men and women in the distribution of power and decision-making at all levels.
  • Women's human rights are not respected and are not adequately promoted or protected.

The Beijing Declaration 1995 and the Platform for Action, which was endorsed by 189 Member States gathered in China 27 years ago, have retained their status and relevance as a road map for achieving gender equality. This important text continues to steer the global fight against restrictions and barriers to women's empowerment across the world.

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FAQs on Beijing Declaration 1995

Q1. What is the Beijing Declaration 1995?

Ans. The Beijing Declaration 1995 is a progressive vision for women's rights and empowerment.

Q2. What was the importance of the Beijing Declaration 1995?

Ans. The Beijing Declaration 1995 summit represented a significant milestone in the global fight for gender equality.

Q3. How many countries signed the Beijing Declaration 1995?

Ans. 189 countries signed the Beijing Declaration 1995.

Q4.When was the Beijing Declaration signed?

Ans. The Beijing Declaration was signed in 1995.