Arab League

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 16, 2022, 7:16

The League of Arab States ;(al-Jāmiʿat ad-Duwal al-ʿArabiyya) or Arab League is a regional multi-national organisation formed to improve cooperation between its member nations on matters of common interest.

This organisation also aims to promote economic growth and trade and keep political stability in the regions.

What is the Arab League?

The Arab League is officially known as the League of the Arab States, a union organisation of the Arab world, with Arabic-speaking African and Asian nations.

The League comprises a Council, the General Secretariat, the Special Ministerial Committees, and the Specialised Agencies. The Arab League affirms its purpose to seek closer cooperation between its member nations regardless of common interests. It also aims to improve communication, strengthen ties, and promote common interests in the Arab world.

The Arab League members broadly vary in literacy, wealth, population, and GDP (gross domestic product). All the members are mostly Muslim and Arabic-speaking nations, and Saudi Arabia and Egypt are well-known as dominant members of the organisation.

The agreement is made between the members for economic cooperation, free trade, and joint defence, and the League aids the members in offering collaboration and limiting disputes.

Formation of the Arab League

On 22 March 1945, the Arab League was formed in Cairo with its six members - Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon. Later, Yemen joined the League on 5 May 1945. Currently, 22 member countries are part of the League.

Objectives of the Arab League

The Arab League's primary motive is to coordinate collaboration and closer relations between the member countries, safeguard their sovereignty and independence, promote economic growth, and consider the ordinary affairs and interests of the member nations.

Moreover, the Arab League aims to assist the member countries, strengthen and coordinate the economic, political, cultural, and social programs, and limit conflicts among the member nations and third parties.

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Leader and Members of the Arab League

The Secretary-General leads the Arab League. Ahmed Aboul Gheit, an Egyptian politician, has been the Secretary-General or the leader of the League since 2016.

The Arab League Members started with six member countries, but currently, 22 member states are present, including three African nations and the largest country in Western Asia, and 5 observer states.

Arab League - Member Countries

  1. Egypt
  2. Saudi Arabia
  3. Bahrain
  4. Kuwait
  5. Oman
  6. Comoros
  7. Iraq
  8. Qatar
  9. Somalia
  10. Palestine
  11. Syria(suspended)
  12. Yemen
  13. UAE
  14. Lebanon
  15. Djibouti
  16. Mauritania
  17. Jordan
  18. Sudan
  19. Tunisia
  20. Libya
  21. Algeria
  22. Morocco

Arab League - Observer States

  1. Venezuela
  2. Brazil
  3. Eritrea
  4. Armenia
  5. India
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Arab League - Role of India in the Arab League

India-Saudi Arabia Relations are generally close and strong, especially with mercantile interest. India was also the first member to join the Arab League regardless of not having an Arabic-speaking population or an Arab community.

In 2007, India was entitled as a conferred observer of the League. In fact, in 2007, the trade valuation between the League members and India was $30B.

India is considered a significant exporter of machinery, chemicals, foodstuff, automobiles, and expeditious items to the Arab League member nations. Moreover, India is also the largest importer of gas and oil to Arab countries.

The Arab League is an independent organisation of 22 Arab nations or Arab-speaking countries located in Western Africa, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, and Western Asia. The fundamental goal of the League is to promote and improve the coordination of the member nations.

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FAQs on Arab League

Q1) What is the Arab League?

The Arab League is officially known as the League of the Arab States. It is an independent organisation of 22 Arab nations or Arab-speaking countries.

Q2) What Is The Role Of India In The Arab League?

India was the first member to join the Arab League regardless of not having an Arabic-speaking population or an Arab community. In 2007, India was entitled as a conferred observer of the League.

Q3) Who Is The Leader And Members Of The Arab League?

The Secretary-General leads the Arab League. Ahmed Aboul Gheit, an Egyptian politician, has been the Secretary-General or the leader of the League since 2016.

The Arab League started with six member countries, but currently, it has 22 member states, including three African nations and the largest country in Western Asia, and 5 observer states.

Q4) When Was the Arab League Formed?

The Arab League was formed on 22 March 1945.

Q5) What is the primary objective of the Arab League?

The Arab League's primary motive is to coordinate collaboration and closer relations between the member countries, safeguard their sovereignty and independence, promote economic growth, and consider the ordinary affairs and interests of the member nations.