Smallest River in India - Arvari River

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Feb 28, 2022, 7:17

The Arvari river is the smallest river in India. It has a length of about 45 kilometres, and it flows through the Arvari district of Rajasthan. It is the district's primary source of water. It covers a basin area of 492 square kilometres. Due to water harvesting techniques, Arvari has transformed from a seasonal to a perpetual river.

Origin of the Smallest River in India

The Arvari river rises in Thanagazi in the Alwar district, near the Sakra dam. One of the river's two origins is the Bhairudev Public Wildlife Sanctuary near Bhavta Kaliyal (Bhuriyawas), while the other is near Amka and Jodhula. Near the second source, there is a third stream. At Palasana ka Pahad, near Ajabgarh-Pratapgarh, the two streams meet. The river is known as Arvari from this point on and flows down to the settlement of Hamirpur, where it meets Nahar Nala, a stream from the west.

Geographical Location of the Smallest River in India

The Arvari meets the Sarsa river downstream of the Sainthal Sagar dam on Arvari to form the Sanwan river. The Sanwan joins the Tildah and Banganga rivers to form the Gambhir river. The Gambhir river is also popularly known as the Utang river. The Gambhir river joins the Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh's Mainpuri region, and the Yamuna joins the Ganges at Prayagraj's Triveni Sangam.

Management of the Smallest River in India

  • In the 2000s, the state administration issued fishing contracts in the Arvari river without informing the inhabitants of the many communities along the banks of the Arvari river, causing them to object. Locals who had toiled for years to rehabilitate the river were outraged by the Rajasthan government's claim to the Arvari river.
  • The smallest river of India remained dry for 60 years. In 1986, reportedly, the people belonging to the village of Bhanota-Kolyala built earthen dams at the mouth of the dry river. Dr Rajendra Singh, spearheading the event, named one of the dams Johad.
  • In 2004, the river received the International River Prize. In March 2000, the then-President K. R. Narayanan paid a visit to the region to award the people the "Down to Earth — Joseph. C. John Award." In 2001, Dr Rajendra Singh received the Magsaysay Award.
  • The largest dam was 244 meters long and 7 meters broad. The river began to flow again after the people built 375 dams, and it became a perennial river in 1955. The Arvari River Parliament was established in 1998 to aid in the preservation of the river's health.
  • The 70-odd settlements in the Arvari basin reportedly founded the Arvari River Parliament. The objective of the Arvari River Parliament is to guarantee that the river remains clean and healthy. Another aim of the Parliament is to resolve internal issues between the municipal and state parties concerning the river.
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FAQs on Smallest River in India

Q.1) Which is the Smallest River in India?

The Arvari river is the Smallest River in India with a length of 45 kilometres.

Q.2) What is the length of the Smallest River in India?

The length of the Smallest River in India is 45 kilometres.

Q.3) What is the total basin area of the Smallest River in India?

The total basin area of the Smallest River in India is 492 square kilometres.