Amaravati - Capital of Andhra Pradesh

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 10, 2022, 10:37

Amaravati is the capital of Andhra Pradesh, located on the Krishna River and surrounded by lush greenery. It is a newly created planned city on the southern banks of the Krishna river in the Guntur district, following the Andhra Pradesh split.

The city is located 32 kilometres from Guntur and 39 kilometres from Vijayawada, on the right bank of the Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh. On 22nd October 2015, India's Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, laid the foundation stone for the capital at a ceremonial event in Uddandarayunipalem village.

Top Facts about Amaravati

Amaravati, the ancient capital, was founded more than 2,200 years ago. Later on, Amaravati became a significant Buddhist holy learning centre. Amaravati, historically known as "Dhnyakatakam," is a prominent city in Andhra Pradesh's cultural heritage and history. It serves as the capital of the Satavahana Dynasty of the Andhras in the 2nd Century BCE, one of the first Indian empires and the ancestral dynasty of Andhra Pradesh.

The ancient Amaravati is now part of the modern-day capital region. Before the foundation of the Nizam of Hyderabad in 1724, the territory was dominated by the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Ikshvakus, Vishnukundina, Pallavas, Cholas, Kakatiyas, Delhi Sultanate, Musunuri Nayaks, Bahmani Sultanate, Vijayanagara Empire, Sultanate of Golconda, and Mughal Empire.

Amaravati is among the few spots in the world where the river flows north rather than south or east. It is associated with the fortunate. The Amaravati school of art emerged in the lower valleys of the Krishna and Godavari rivers in Andhra Pradesh. It is a unique type of art that arose and flourished in Amaravati for approximately six centuries between 200-100 BCE. The 'narrative art' is a key aspect of the Amaravati school.

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The Three Capital Story of Andhra Pradesh

The AP Decentralisation and Inclusive Development of All Regions Act, 2020, and the AP Capital Region Development Authority (Repeal) Act, 2020, were both notified by the state government on 31st July. This legislation opened the stage for the state to have three capitals.

  • Amaravati- as the legislative capital.
  • Visakhapatnam- as the executive capital.
  • Kurnool- as the judicial capital.

The state government stated that it is opposed to developing a single mega capital while neglecting other areas of the state. Three capitals ensure that diverse parts of the state develop equally and lead to inclusive growth.

However, the Andhra Pradesh High Court has ordered the state government to build and develop Amaravati as the state's capital region within six months. The three-capital idea of the state government in power poses several logistics, execution, and legislation related challenges.

The city of Amaravati has been a strategically important location right from medieval times till today. Therefore, the government of Andhra Pradesh is putting forward policies for developing Amaravati's capital region.

This is being achieved by investing in the services and manufacturing sectors, enacting various laws that benefit farmers, promoting local businesses, building smart infrastructure, and establishing social-cultural institutions such as schools, colleges, and hospitals.

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FAQs on Amaravati

Q.1. What is the capital of Andhra Pradesh?

Amaravati, situated on the banks of the Krishna river, is the capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

Q.2. When was the foundation of Amaravati as the new capital laid?

On 22nd October 2015, India's Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, laid the foundation stone of Amaravati for the capital at a ceremonial event in Uddandarayunipalem village.

Q.3. What are environmentalists' thoughts on Amaravati?

Environmentalists have labelled Amaravati a tragedy waiting to happen since it is being constructed in a flood-prone and seismic zone.

Q.4. What is Amaravati's cultural significance?

Amaravati has been a pilgrimage site for both Buddhists and Hindus. It is home to numerous Lord Shiva temples, the most well-known of which is the Lord Amaralingeswara or Amareswara Swamy Temple.