India has been a country of scientists. We have renowned personalities who have stunned the world with their breakthrough scientific contributions. The list of India's achievements in science and technology for national development or international records is endless. Be it space or medicine, India has a worldwide reputation.
With the assistance of the Government, the Achievements of India in Science and Technology have impacted sectors like agriculture, healthcare, space research and nuclear power. Let's take a look at a few of them.
Achievements of India in Science and Technology
The Green Revolution involved increasing agricultural production by adopting modern tools and techniques. India, after independence, was in dire need of modern agricultural technology, better water supply, and high yielding seeds to increase crop production.
This led to the Green revolution, and India flipped the begging-bowl image to a self-reliant land. This revolution was such a success that it not only filled the bellies of India's huge population, but it also made us the major exporters of food grains too.
Vikram Sarabhai, the chairman of the Indian National Committee for Space Research, envisioned the use of satellite technology for communication and weather forecasting. India soon became a capable developer of space technology and introduced Space Instructional Television Experiment (SITE).
In 1983, India launched INSAT, the largest domestic communication system in Asia-Pacific. This has been a game-changer in telecommunications, broadcasting, meteorology, etc.
India holds the title of "the pharmacy of the world" today. This is due to the supply of affordable, effective drugs and vaccines to different countries of the world.
The government established Hindustan Antibiotics Limited in 1954, followed by the Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited. In the private sector, the council of the Central Drug Research Institute was expanded by Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar. The joint efforts of both sectors took us to where we are today.
The Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) (1958) has helped India build a powerful defence system to stand against the potential threats from China and Pakistan.
We have built aircraft, arms, tanks, EW systems, missile systems, etc. India also became nuclear-powered after testing the first successful nuclear test in 1974 at Pokhran.
Vikram Sarabhai helped set up the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1969, which has been a cornerstone in our progress in space research.
Our first satellite, Aryabhatta, was launched with the Soviet Union in 1975. It was followed by two successful space missions, Chandrayan (2008) to the moon and Mangalyaan (2014) to the orbit of Mars. Mangalyaan made India the first nation to send a satellite to the orbit of Mars in the first attempt.
After independence, the data processing industry was dominated by IBM and ICL. The government sector, armed industry, and research institute heavily relied on the data processing machines of these firms, so they charged heavy rentals.
In 1970, the Department of Electronics was established along with public sector companies like ECIL and CMC, which broke the monopoly. Today, India is the largest exporter of IT services. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) is ranked among the top 10 IT companies in the world. With good English speaking and software developing skills, India is also considered the top outsourcing destination by leading MNCs.
India has been one of the pioneers of modern-day science and technology. Indian scientists have proved their competence and made India one of the scientific centres of the world, and the future seems even brighter.
FAQs on Achievements of India in Science and Technology
Q.1. What are the major achievements of India in Science and Technology?
Some of the major Achievements of India in Science and Technology are:
- Ayurveda: written by The Father of Medicine, Charaka.
- Universal Serial Bus (USB): invented by Ajay V. Bhatt.
- Wireless Communication: introduced by Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose.
- Raman Effect: discovered by the Nobel Prize winner, Sir C.V. Raman.
Q.2. How does India rank in terms of technological development?
The achievements of Indians in Science and Technology have led India to be on the 46th rank in terms of innovation. India is also among the top 15 nations in ICT.
Q.3. Who is the Father of Science in India?
Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose is the Father of Science in India
Q.4. Following the achievements of India in Science and Technology, what are the top technology trends in India in 2022?
Thanks to the many achievements of Indians in Science and Technology, the following are the top technological trends in India in 2022:
- Use of Artificial Intelligence
- Inclination towards electric vehicles
- Innovation of Data Storage systems