Talented Learners:- Talent is a narrow term and refers to the remarkable ability in a specific field e.g. spiritual, social and aesthetic, etc. The highly talented are called "prodigies". Talented Learners depend on a combination of high ability, high creativity, and high commitment. Talented learners show signs of intellectual superiority. Even during infancy and early childhood, they show a larger attention span, good recognition memory, preference for novelty, sensitivity to environmental exchanges, and early appearance of language skills. Every talented learner possesses different strengths, personalities, and characteristics. Some important characteristics of talented learners are:-
1. Advanced logical thinking, questioning, and problem-solving behavior.
2. High speed in processing information.
3. Superior generalization and discrimination ability.
4. High level of intrinsic motivation and self-esteem.
5. Advanced level of original and creative thinking.
6. Independent and non-conformist thinking.
7. Preference for solitary academic activities for long periods.
Creative Learners:- Creative refers to new ways of thinking or thinking differently. For example- novelty and originality. Creative learning refers to the originality and uniqueness of ideas or solutions that did not previously exist. Creative learners can be of two types:-
1. Convergent Learners- basically they derive solutions to the problems that have only one correct answer, they are really good at remembering dates, timelines that do not have a comprehensive explanation. Literally, perform well in Reasoning and Mathematics Subjects.
2. Divergent Learners- they are open-minded learners and can derive different answers to the same problem in terms of their knowledge, capabilities, and abilities. They generally include fluency, flexibility, originality, and elaboration.
(a) Fluency:- is the ability to produce many ideas for a given task or a problem. The more ideas a person produces, the higher his/her fluency ability.
(b) Flexibility:- indicates variety in learning. It may include learning different uses of an object, or a different interpretation of a picture, story, or different ways of solving problems.
(c) Originality:- the ability to produce ideas that are rare or unusual by seeing new relationships, combing old ideas with the new ones, looking at things from different perspectives.
(d) Elaboration:- is the ability that enables a person to go into details and workout implications of new ideas.
Specially-abled Learners:- classified into three levels-
|S.No.||Area of Functioning||Mild||Moderate||Severe||Profound|
|1.||IQ range||50-70||35-49||20-34||Below 20|
|2.||Self-help skills||Feeds and dresses self and cares for own toilet needs||Has difficulties and requires training but can learn adequate self-help skills||No skills to partial skills, but some can care for personal needs on a limited basis|
|3.||Speech & Communication||Receptive & expressive language is adequate, understands communication||Receptive & expressive language is adequate, has speech problems||Receptive language is limited, expressive language is poor|
|4.||Academics||The optimal learning environment, third to sixth grade||Very few academic skills, first or second grade is maximal||No Academic skills|
|5.||Social Skills||Has friends, can learn to adjust quickly||Capable of making friends but has difficulty in many social situations||Not capable of having real friends, no social interactions|
Classification of People on the Basis of IQ
|S.No.||IQ Range||Descriptive Label||Percent in the Population|
|1.||Above 130||Very Superior||2.2|
|7.||Below 70||Mentally challenged/retarded||2.2|
Application of talented and creative learners:-
Following are examples for talented and creative learners:-
1. Multiple Intelligence (Gardner)
2. Practical Intelligence (Sternberg)
1. Theory of Multiple Intelligence:- Howard Gardner proposed the theory of Multiple Intelligences. He described eight types of intelligence:-
2. Practical Intelligence or Contextual Intelligence:- Robert Sternberg (1985) views intelligence as the ability to adapt, shape, and select an environment to accomplish one's goals and those of one's society and culture.
- Involves the ability to deal with environmental demands encountered on a daily basis.
- It is called street smartness or business sense.
- Persons high on this aspect easily adapt to their present environment to fit their needs.
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