Inclusive Education Addressing the Learners, Study Notes, Material - CTET Paper 1 & 2

By Komal|Updated : August 8th, 2021

In this article, we should read related to "Inclusive education addressing the Learners" Important for the CTET Paper-1 & 2.

  1. Talented Learners
  2. Creative Learners
  3. Specially-abled Learners
  4. Classification of People on the Basis of IQ
  5. Application of talented and creative learners

Talented Learners:- Talent is a narrow term and refers to the remarkable ability in a specific field e.g. spiritual, social and aesthetic, etc. The highly talented are called "prodigies". Talented Learners depend on a combination of high ability, high creativity, and high commitment. Talented learners show signs of intellectual superiority. Even during infancy and early childhood, they show a larger attention span, good recognition memory, preference for novelty, sensitivity to environmental exchanges, and early appearance of language skills. Every talented learner possesses different strengths, personalities, and characteristics. Some important characteristics of talented learners are:- 

1. Advanced logical thinking, questioning, and problem-solving behavior.

2. High speed in processing information.

3. Superior generalization and discrimination ability.

4. High level of intrinsic motivation and self-esteem.

5. Advanced level of original and creative thinking.

6. Independent and non-conformist thinking.

7. Preference for solitary academic activities for long periods.

Creative Learners:- Creative refers to new ways of thinking or thinking differently. For example- novelty and originality. Creative learning refers to the originality and uniqueness of ideas or solutions that did not previously exist. Creative learners can be of two types:-

1. Convergent Learners- basically they derive solutions to the problems that have only one correct answer, they are really good at remembering dates, timelines that do not have a comprehensive explanation. Literally, perform well in Reasoning and Mathematics Subjects.

2. Divergent Learners- they are open-minded learners and can derive different answers to the same problem in terms of their knowledge, capabilities, and abilities. They generally include fluency, flexibility, originality, and elaboration.

(a) Fluency:- is the ability to produce many ideas for a given task or a problem. The more ideas a person produces, the higher his/her fluency ability.

(b) Flexibility:- indicates variety in learning. It may include learning different uses of an object, or a different interpretation of a picture, story, or different ways of solving problems.

(c) Originality:- the ability to produce ideas that are rare or unusual by seeing new relationships, combing old ideas with the new ones, looking at things from different perspectives.

(d) Elaboration:- is the ability that enables a person to go into details and workout implications of new ideas.

 Specially-abled Learners:- classified into three levels- 

1. Mild

2. Moderate

3. Severe

S.No.Area of FunctioningMildModerateSevereProfound
1.IQ range50-7035-4920-34Below 20
2.Self-help skillsFeeds and dresses self and cares for own toilet needsHas difficulties and requires training but can learn adequate self-help skillsNo skills to partial skills, but some can care for personal needs on a limited basis
3.Speech & CommunicationReceptive & expressive language is adequate, understands communicationReceptive & expressive language is adequate, has speech problemsReceptive language is limited, expressive language is poor
4.AcademicsThe optimal learning environment, third to sixth gradeVery few academic skills, first or second grade is maximal                     No Academic skills
5.Social SkillsHas friends, can learn to adjust quicklyCapable of making friends but has difficulty in many social situationsNot capable of having real friends, no social interactions

Classification of People on the Basis of IQ

S.No.IQ RangeDescriptive LabelPercent in the Population
1.Above 130Very Superior2.2
2.120-130Superior6.7
3.110-119High average16.1
4.90-109Average50.0
5.80-89Low average16.1
6.70-79Borderline6.7
7. Below 70Mentally challenged/retarded2.2

 

Application of talented and creative learners:-

Following are examples for talented and creative learners:-

1Multiple Intelligence (Gardner)

2. Practical Intelligence (Sternberg)

1. Theory of Multiple Intelligence:- Howard Gardner proposed the theory of Multiple Intelligences. He described eight types of intelligence:-

  • Linguistic
  • Logical-Mathematical
  • Spatial
  • Musical
  • Bodily-Kinaesthetic
  • Interpersonal
  • Intrapersonal
  • Naturalistic

2. Practical Intelligence or Contextual Intelligence:- Robert Sternberg (1985) views intelligence as the ability to adapt, shape, and select an environment to accomplish one's goals and those of one's society and culture. 

  • Involves the ability to deal with environmental demands encountered on a daily basis.
  • It is called street smartness or business sense.
  • Persons high on this aspect easily adapt to their present environment to fit their needs.
This article tends to be beneficial for the following exams - REETUPTETCTETSuper TETDSSSBKVS etc.
 
Note: All the study notes are available in Hindi as well as the English language. Click on A/अ to change the language.

Thanks!

Sahi Prep Hai to Life Set hai!

Posted by:

KomalKomalMember since Jan 2020
Associate at Gradeup working under community vertical. BBA, MBA, JBT & CTET PAPER 1 QUALIFIED.
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BABLU KUMAR

BABLU KUMARApr 28, 2020

Thank u miss
Shravani K

Shravani KAug 25, 2020

Thank you. Explanation of talented learners and creative learners is good.
Maya

MayaAug 28, 2020

Thanku
Zartab Zarrin
Thank you ma'am
Monika

MonikaApr 23, 2021

Hello bhawana madam . Please notes hindi medium me available karaeye
Naini

NainiMay 24, 2021

Well explained mam
Ajit Kumar

Ajit KumarJun 13, 2021

Really good job
Renu Sharma

Renu SharmaJun 15, 2021

Mam please notes Hindi Medium Mai bhi provide kra dijiye
Madhu Sharma
Please Hindi me  explain kare

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  • Creativity refers to new ways of thinking or thinking differently. For example- novelty and originality. Creative learning refers to the originality and uniqueness of ideas or solutions that did not previously exist. Creative learners can be of two types:-

    1. Convergent Learners- basically they derive solutions to the problems that have only one correct answer, they are really good at remembering dates, timelines that do not have a comprehensive explanation. Literally, perform well in Reasoning and Mathematics Subjects.

    2. Divergent Learners- they are open-minded learners and can derive different answers to the same problem in terms of their knowledge, capabilities, and abilities. They generally include fluency, flexibility, originality, and elaboration.

  • Specially-abled Learners:- classified into three levels- 

    1. Mild

    2. Moderate

    3. Severe

  • Howard Gardner proposed the theory of Multiple Intelligences. He described eight types of intelligence:-

    • Linguistic
    • Logical-Mathematical
    • Spatial
    • Musical
    • Bodily-Kinaesthetic
    • Interpersonal
    • Intrapersonal
    • Naturalistic


  •  The weightage of the CDP Section in the CTET Paper 1& 2 -30 marks.

CTET & Teaching

TETCTETSuper TETUP Jr. TeacherUPTETUP TeacherDSSSBKVSREETHTETExamsTestMeghalaya TET 2021UPPSC GIC Lecturer
tags :CTET & TeachingChild Development and PedagogyCTET OverviewCTET NotificationCTET Exam DateCTET Application FormCTET Selection Process

CTET & Teaching

TETCTETSuper TETUP Jr. TeacherUPTETUP TeacherDSSSBKVSREETHTETExamsTestMeghalaya TET 2021UPPSC GIC Lecturer
tags :CTET & TeachingChild Development and PedagogyCTET OverviewCTET NotificationCTET Exam DateCTET Application FormCTET Selection Process

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