Revision Notes for UPSC/PCS: Important dams in India

By Sudheer Kumar K|Updated : August 24th, 2021

In this article, we will be discussing very important topic in Indian Geography, i.e., Dams in India, which is very important for UPSC Prelims 2021. We will be knowing major dams and rivers on which they are constructed and also the states in which they are located.

Important dams in India

Dam

  • Dam is a barrier constructed to store water, the resulting reservoir being used in the generation of electricity and Irrigation etc.
  • Dams are classified according to structure, intended purpose etc.
    (a) By Structure- Arch dam, Gravity dam, Embankment dams etc.
    (b) By Purpose- Irrigation purpose, Power generation, Multipurpose etc.

Some Facts about dams

  • Tallest dam in the world- Nurek dam (Tajikistan)
  • Longest dam in the world- Hirakund dam (Orissa)
  • Longest dam in India- Hirakund dam (Orissa)
  • Highest dam in India- Tehri dam (Uttarakhand)
  • Highest straight gravity Dam in India- Bhakra dam
  • First dam of India-Kallanai Dam (Grand Anicut) on river Kaveri (Tiruchirapalli, Tamilnadu)

Important Dams in India

State

Dam

River

Andhra Pradesh

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam

 Krishna
 

Srisailam Dam

 Krishna
 

Polavaram Project

Godavari

 

Somasila Dam

Penna

Arunachal Pradesh

Ranganadi Dam

Ranganadi River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra River

Bihar

Nagi Dam

Nagi

 

Kohira Dam

Kohira

Chhattisgarh

Minimata (Hasdeo) Bango Dam

Hasdeo

 

Dudhawa Dam

Mahanadi

Gujarat

Ukai Dam

Tapti

 

Kadana Dam

Mahi

 

Sardar Sarovar Dam

Narmada

 

Karjan Dam

Karjan

 

Mitti Dam

Mitti

 

Aji Dam

Aji

 

Sipu Dam

Sipu

Himachal Pradesh

Pong Dam

Beas

 

Bhakra Dam

Satluj

 

Kol Dam

Satluj

 

Chamera Dam

Ravi

 

Nathpa Jhakri (Sjvnl) Dam

Satluj

Jammu and Kashmir

Baglihar Dam

Chenab

 

Salal Dam

Chenab

 

Uri Dam

Jhelum

 

Pakal Dul Dam

Marusudar

 

Nimoo Bazgo Dam

Indus

 

Kishenganga Dam

KISHANGANGA

Jharkhand

Panchet Dam

Damodar

 

Maithon Dam

Barakar

 

Tenughat Dam

Damodar

 

Konar Dam

Konar

 

North Koel

North Koel

Karnataka

Krishnarajasagar Dam

Cauvery

 

Basava Sagar Dam (Narayanpur Dam)

Krishna

 

Hemavathy Dam

Hemavathy

 

Kabini Dam

Kabini

 

Tungabhadra Dam

Tungabhadra

 

Hidkal Dam

Ghataprabha

 

Almatti Dam

Krishna

 

Bhadra Dam

Bhadra

 

Supa dam

Kalinadi

 

Lakhya Dam

Lakhya hole

Kerala

Cheruthoni Dam

Cheruthoni

 

Kakki Dam

Kakki

 

Mullaperiyar Dam

Periyar

 

Idukki Dam

Periyar

 

Kulamavu Dam

Kilivillithode

 

Banasura Sagar Dam

Banasura Lake

Madhya Pradesh

Ban Sagar Dam

Son

 

Gandhi Sagar Dam

Chambal

 

Indira Sagar Dam

Narmada

 

Omkareshwar Dam

Narmada

 

Tawa Dam

Tawa

Maharashtra

Bhatsa Dam

Bhatsa and chorna

 

Koyna Dam

Koyna

 

Warna Dam

Varna

 

Ujjani Dam

Bhima

 

Aruna Dam

Aruna

 

Upper Wardha Dam

Wardha

Odisha

Hirakud Dam

Mahanadi

 

Indravati Dam

Indravati

 

Kapur Dam

Kapur

 

Podagada Dam

Podagada

 

Rengali Dam

Brahmani

 

Upper Kolab Dam

Kapur

 

Haladia Dam

Haladia

 

Lower Indra Dam

Indra

Punjab

Ranjit Sagar Dam

Ravi

Rajasthan

Bisalpur Dam

Banas

 

Jawahar Sagar Dam

Chambal

 

Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam

Mahi

 

Rana Pratap Sagar Dam

Chambal

 

Jaswant Sagar Dam

Luni

 

Jakham Main Dam

Jakham (Mahi)

Sikkim

Rangit III Dam

Ranjit

Tamilnadu

Bhavani Dam

Bhavani

 

Mettur Dam

Kaveri

 

Sholaiyar Dam

Sholaiyar

 

Pillur Dam

Bhavani

Telangana

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam

Krishna (Some Part of Dam also in Telangana)

 

Srisailam Dam

Krishna (Some Part of Dam also in Telangana)

 

Nizam Sagar Dam

Manjira

 

Musi Dam

Musi

 

Singur Dam

Manjira

 

Sri Rama Sagar (Pochampadu Project)

Godavari

Uttarakhand

Jamrani Dam

Gola

 

Lakhwar Dam

Yamuna

 

Koteshwar

Bhagirathi

 

Ramganga Dam

Ramganga

 

Tehri Dam

Bhagirathi

Uttar Pradesh

Rihand Dam

Rihand

West Bengal

Kangsabati Kumari Dam

Kasai

 

Posted by:

Sudheer Kumar KSudheer Kumar KMember since Sep 2020
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Load Previous Comments
R.K Banerjee
Maithon and Panchet dams are on Barakar river, not Barak river.
Barakar is a tributary of Damodar river.But Barak river is in Manipur.
Akriti Gupta

Akriti GuptaDec 30, 2018

Details of dam
Avantika Mohapatro
It's Hirakhud Dam
Mady Tipra

Mady TipraFeb 3, 2019

Sir please provide pdf for all notes
Jio Baba

Jio BabaJan 4, 2020

Tallest dam is jinping dam china
Sain Gazi

Sain GaziApr 28, 2020

Best of all
Deepak Kumar Das
Ye PDF me nhi h kya
Adarsh Singh Baghel
Please mention BARGI DAM built in narmada river (Madhya Pradesh)

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