Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 8th Nov'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : November 8th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Over the last few years, aspirants of competitive examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently. 

Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.

Here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

The cost of prohibition: On spurt in hooch tragedies

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Spurt (उछाल)

  • Pronunciation: spurt/ स्पर्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: an unexpected short increase in activity, development or effort
  • Synonyms: sprint, burst, flare, flare-up, flash, flicker
  • Antonyms: calm, doldrums, slump
  • Usage in a Sentence: She felt a spurt of anger towards her sister after discovering her torn jeans.

2. Word: Hooch (अवैध शराब)

  • Pronunciation: hooch/हूच
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. strong alcohol, especially whisky
  • Synonyms: liquor, booze, alcohol
  • Antonyms: juice, soft drink
  • Usage in a sentence: There are finds of illicitly brewed alcohol, or hooch, at establishments with higher security.

 3. Word: Spurious (अवैध)

  • Pronunciation: spyoor-ee-uhs/स्प्युरीअस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. false and not what it appears to be, or (of reasons and judgments) based on something that has not been correctly understood and therefore false
  • Synonyms: false, fake, fraudulent
  • Antonyms: real, genuine
  • Usage in a sentence : Some of the arguments in favour of shutting the factory are questionable and others downright spurious.

4. Word: Illicit (ग़ैरकानूनी)

  • Pronunciation: ih-lis-it/इलिसिट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. not legally permitted or authorized; unlicensed; unlawful
    b. disapproved of or not permitted for moral or ethical reasons
  • Synonyms: illegal, unlawful, illegitimate
  • Antonyms: licit, legal, legitimate
  • Usage in a sentence: He had an illicit affair with his boss.

5. Word: Wreak (प्रत्यपकारना)

  • Pronunciation: reek/रीक
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to cause something to happen in a violent and often uncontrolled way
  • Synonyms: bring, inflict, impose
  • Antonyms: reward, improve
  • Usage in a sentence: The recent storms have wreaked havoc on crops.

6. Word: Imposition (अधिरोपण)

  • Pronunciation: im-puh-zish-uh n/ इम्पज़िशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the action or process of imposing something or of being imposed.
    b. a thing that is imposed, in particular, an unfair or unwelcome demand or burden.
  • Synonyms: imposing, burden, load, onus
  • Antonyms: absolve, abdicate
  • Usage in a sentence: Several reasons were put forward to justify the imposition of censorship.

7. WordProponent (समर्थक)

  • Pronunciation: pruh-poh-nuhnt/ प्रपोनन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person who advocates a theory, proposal, or course of action
  • Synonyms: supporter, advocate, exponent, upholder, defender
  • Antonyms: opponent, enemy, rival, antagonist, foe
  • Usage in a Sentence: Halsey was identified as a leading proponent of the values of progressive education.

8. WordReap (एकत्र करना)

  • Pronunciation: reep/रीप
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: a. cut or gather (a crop or harvest).
    b. receive (something, especially something beneficial) as a consequence of one's own or another's actions.
  • Synonyms: receive, obtain, get, acquire, secure
  • Antonyms: relinquish, raise, amalgamate, yield
  • Usage in a Sentence: You must reap what you have sown. 

9. WordOverwhelming (अपरिहार्य)

  • Pronunciation: oh-ver-hwel-ming/ ओवर्ह्वेल्मिंग
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Verb
  • Meaning
    a. very great in amount. (Adjective)
    b. (especially of an emotion) very strong. (Adjective)
    c. give too much of something to; inundate. (Verb)
    d. have a strong emotional effect on (Verb)
    e. defeat completely (Verb)
  • Synonyms: overpowering, astonishing, breathtaking, shocking, surprising
  • Antonyms: mild, normal, comforting, calming
  • Usage in a Sentence: The feeling of gratitude, joy, and completion was overwhelming.

10WordWane (ढलना/ क्षीण होना)

  • Pronunciation: wane/वेन
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a gradual decrease or decline in strength, intensity, power, etc. (Noun)
    b. the drawing to a close of life, an era, a period, etc.(Noun)
    c. the waning of the moon (Noun)
    d. to decrease in strength, intensity, etc.(Verb)
    e. to decline in power, importance, prosperity, etc.(Verb)
    f. to draw to a close; approach an end (Verb)
  • Synonyms: decline, fade, diminish, subside
  • Antonyms: enlarge, grow, rise, expand
  • Usage in a sentence: By the late 70s the band's popularity was beginning to wane.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • spurt
     
  • hooch
     
  • spurious 
     
  • illicit 
     
  • wreak

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1impositionreceive
2proponentoverpowering
3reapdiminish
4overwhelmingonus
5wanesupporter

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

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