Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 25th Oct'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : October 25th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Nowadays the English section of Banking exams is full of surprises. In most of the topics, Vocabulary plays an important role and a good hold over it will help you score good marks. Also, Vocabulary helps in understanding the context of sentences while improving communication skills like speaking, listening, reading and writing.

Nobody can cram all the meanings of the words in one go. To help you out in this, we are providing you with the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ which solely aims to enhance your vocabulary. The series will present the words used in newspaper editorials with the appropriate meanings, synonyms, antonyms, pronunciation, usage in the sentences, etc.

Today's article is from "The Indian Express" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words given below and practice questions at the end of this article. 

Happy Reading!

Covid vaccination success shows formidable partnership between govt and citizen, science and policy

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Formidable (भयानक)

  • Pronunciationfawr-mi-duh-buh l/फॉर्मिडबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable.
  • Synonyms: terrific, tremendous, colossal
  • Antonyms: feeble, easy, friendly
  • Usage in a Sentence: They had to overcome formidable obstacles.

2. Word: Systemic (सर्वांगी)

  • Pronunciation: si-stem-ik/सिस्टेमिक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. of or relating to a system, especially when affecting the entirety of a thing
    b. relating to or noting a policy, practice, or set of beliefs that has been established as normative or customary throughout a political, social, or economic system: systemic inequality; systemic racism.
    c. Physiology, Pathology: relating to or affecting the body as a whole.
    d. (of a pesticide) absorbed and circulated by a plant or other organism so as to be lethal to pests that feed on it.
  • Synonyms: routine, persistent, consistent
  • Antonyms: isolated, local
  • Usage in a sentence: The problem of systemic violence against women should be dealt with immediately and with an iron fist.

 3. Word: Optimistic (आशावादी)

  • Pronunciation: optimistic/ आप्टमिस्टिक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. disposed to take a favorable view of events or conditions and to expect the most favorable outcome.
    b. reflecting a favorable view of events and conditions and the expectation of a positive outcome;
  • Synonyms: hopeful, positive, confident
  • Antonyms: pessimistic, gloomy, hopeless 
  • Usage in a sentence: The optimistic side of the crisis is that it compels people to be ready for the next one. 

4. WordMilestone (उपलब्धि)

  • Pronunciation: mahyl-stohn/माइल्स्टोन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a stone functioning as a milepost (Noun)
    b. a significant event or stage in the life, progress, development, or the like of a person, nation, etc (Noun)
  • Synonyms: landmark, turning point, turning point, breakthrough
  • Antonyms: failure, end
  • Usage in a sentence: We’ve been married now for 20 years, a real milestone.

5. Word: Belie (मिथ्या सिद्ध करना)

  • Pronunciation: bih-lahy/बिलाइ
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. (of an appearance) fail to give a true impression of (something)
    b. fail to fulfil or justify (a claim or expectation).
  • Synonyms: misrepresent, contradict
  • Antonyms: prove, reveal
  • Usage in Sentence: The facts of the situation belie his testimony.

6. Word: Naysayer (निंदक)

  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Pronunciation: ney-sey-er/नेसयर
  • Meaning: 
    a. a person who habitually expresses negative or pessimistic views
  • Synonyms: cynic, pessimist, defeatist, killjoy
  • Antonyms: cheerleader, motivator
  • Usage in a Sentence: Instead of being a critical naysayer, put your mental skills to work by analyzing the details.

7. Word: Turmoil (खलबली)

  • Pronunciation: tur-moil/टर्मॉइल
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.      
  • Synonyms: disorder, clutter, chaos, mess
  • Antonyms: calm, peace, structure
  • Usage in a Sentence: His mind was in a state of constant turmoil.

8. Word: Overstate (अत्युक्ति करना)

  • Pronunciation: oh-ver-steyt/ओवर्स्टैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: state too strongly; exaggerate.
  • Synonyms: overemphasize, magnify
  • Antonyms: downplay, belittle
  • Usage in a Sentence: We shouldn't overstate our past achievements.

9. WordGalvanise (प्रेरित करना)

  • Pronunciation: gal-vuh-nahyz/ गैल्वनाइज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: shock or excite (someone) into taking action.
  • Synonyms: stimulate, excite, energize, encourage
  • Antonyms: discourage, deter, dissuade
  • Usage in a sentence: He decided to talk loudly and galvanise the team into action.

10Word: Virulence (उग्रता)

  • Pronunciation: vir-yuh-luhns/विर्यलन्स
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. quality of being virulent
    b. venomous hostility
    c. intense sharpness of temper
  • Synonyms: bitterness, acrimony, venom
  • Antonyms: kindness, affection, amity
  • Usage in a sentence: The virulence of the disease is causing great concern in medical circles.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • formidable
  • systemic 
  • optimistic 
  • milestone 
  • belie

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1naysayerstimulate
2overstatevenom
3galvanisecynic
4turmoiloveremphasize
5virulencedisorder

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

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