Kargil Vijay Diwas: 3 Unknown Facts about Kargil War

By Naveen Singh|Updated : July 26th, 2022

The Kargil conflict was one of India and Pakistan's fiercest wars. The Indian heroes brought victory to the country after a bitter fight against Pakistan, and the country is celebrating Kargil Vijay Diwas ' 23rd anniversary. Lets read about the saga of Valour & Honor.

Kargil Vijay Diwas: A story of India's Valour & Bravery

The year 2020 marks the twenty-first anniversary of Kargil Diwas & the successful culmination of Operation Vijay in which brave Indian Army soldiers overcame seemingly insurmountable odds, hostile terrain, weather, and a determined enemy who dominated the Kargil war.


The Kargil War or the Kargil Conflict took place in the Kargil district that comes along the Line of Control (LOC) between 3 May and 26 July 1999.

Following the 1971 Indo-Pak War, there was a relative decline in direct armed conflicts with military involvement between both countries.

India and Pakistan both sought to regulate the Siachen Glacier area by placing military outposts in the neighbouring slopes of the hills, resulting in small-scale military disturbances in the 1980s.

For both countries, Siachen glacier was regarded as a significant geographical location.

Due to the unrest in the valley due to the rise of the separatist movement, the 1990s saw tensions and conflict escalate. Pakistan has been accused of supporting and training the ' mujahideen ' to infiltrate the porous borders between the country.


The Shepard who saved India

In 1998, both nations performed nuclear tests that made the world nervous, with the arch-rivals seizing arms, the entire subcontinent's population was tensed if they used it in a full-scale conflict.

Things took a nasty turn as Pakistan Army's covert agents trained and infiltrated paramilitary forces and some soldiers disguised as ' mujahideen ' to the other hand of the Control Line (LOC) during 1998-99.

The ' Operation Badr ' aimed at creating disruption in the Kashmir Valley and severe connections between the valley and the Ladakh region, forcing the Indian army to withdraw troops from the Siachen glacier region while trying to force them to negotiate to settle the Kashmir issue.

A shepherd named Tashi Namgyal, who was looking out for his yak on the hills of Banju Hills in Batalik, observed 6 Pakistani soldiers crossing the Indian side of the LOC.

He went to the closest outpost of the Indian army & instantly to report the incident. Soon, the Indian government issued an order in the belligerent region to mobilize 200,000 military personnel, called the operation "Operation Vijay".


Operation Vijay:

The Kargil War had three significant stages. First, Pakistan infiltrated forces and occupied strategic places in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir, allowing it to take NH1 within its artillery fire range.

The next phase was to discover India's infiltration and mobilize troops to react.

The final phase involved significant battles by Indian and Pakistani forces resulting in India recapturing most of the Pakistani forces ' regions and subsequently withdrawing Pakistani forces back across the LOC following global pressure.

The number of Indian soldiers engaged in the operation was near about 30,000. The number of Pakistani infiltrators, including those providing logistical support, was put at the height of the conflict at about 5,000. This figure includes troops from Pakistan-administered Kashmir who provided additional support for artillery.


Role of Indian Navy & Air Force:

Operation Safed Sagar was launched by the Indian Air Force in support of Indian land forces mobilization on May 26.

The Indian Navy also blocked the Pakistani ports (mainly the Karachi port) under Operation Talwar to cut off supply paths. The western and eastern fleets of the Indian Navy entered the Arabian Sea and started aggressive patrols and threatened to cut maritime trade in Pakistan.

Suggested Read: The Shershah of Kargil War

Some Notable Bravehearts of Kargil Conflict:




Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav

18 Grenadiers

Param Vir Chakra

Captain Manoj Kumar Pandey

1/11 Gorkha Rifles

Param Vir Chakra

Rifleman Sanjay Kumar

13 JAK Rifles

Param Vir Chakra

Captain Vikram Batra,

13 JAK Rifles

Param Vir Chakra

Captain Anuj Nayyar

17 JAT Regiment

Maha Vir Chakra

Major Rajesh Singh Adhikari

18 Grenadiers

Maha Vir Chakra

Major Mariappan Saravanan

1 Bihar

Vir Chakra

Captain Haneef-u-ddin

11 Rajputana Rifles

Vir Chakra

Squadron Leader Ajay Ahuja

Indian Air Force

Vir Chakra

Colonel Magod Basappa Ravindranath

2 Rajputana Rifles

Vir Chakra

Havildar Chuni Lal


Vir Chakra

Naik Digendra Kumar

2 Rajputana Rifles

Maha Vir Chakra

Captain Saurabh Kalia

4 JAT Regiment



Facts related Kargil War:

  1. The Kargil war was fought under a temperature of -10 degrees for about 40-60 days. The Indian army seized strategic peaks such as Tiger Hill and Tololing until 4 July 1999.
  2. The Kargil war saw the use of artillery weapons - Bofors FH-77B. Although it is said that the United States has denied GPS assistance, Israel has helped India with arms and ordnance and supplied UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles or Drones). Years later, India created its own set-in motion IRNSS scheme in 2016.
  3. Kargil War's aftermath reported two significant historical occurrences. Atal Bihar resulted in NDA won 303 seats in the October 1999 October 13th Lok Sabha election. There has been an enormous backlash over Kargil's blunder in Pakistan. As a failure, on October 12, 1999, General Parvez Musharraf staged a coup against PM Shareef.


  • Even after 23 years have been passed to the Kargil War, the bilateral relations between India & Pakistan are still strained.
  • Pakistan's obsession with India and Kashmir will be over, while Kashmir remains hot potato for both countries.
  • We must salute the warriors of the nation who with their utmost valour & courage protect the motherland.

We pay our tribute to all the martyrs and soldiers on this Vijay Diwas.

Jai Hind!

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