Constitution of India:
The idea for a Constituent Assembly for drafting a constitution for India was first provided by Bal Gangadhar Tilak in 1895.
The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held on December 9, 1946. The first president of the Constituent Assembly was Dr. Sachidanand Sinha.
The elections for the first Constituent Assembly were held in July 1946. Initially, it had 389 members.
The Draft of the Indian Constitution was presented in October 1947. The President of the Drafting Committee was Bhim Rao Ambedkar.
The total time consumed to prepare the draft was 2 years, 11 months, 18 days. A total of 11 meetings was held for this.
The Indian Constitution was enacted on November 26, 1949, and put into force on January 26, 1950.
The Constitution today has 448 Articles and 12 Schedules. Originally there were 395 Articles and 8 Schedules.
SOCIALIST, SECULAR, And INTEGRITY—these words were added to the Preamble later, through the 42nd Amendment, 1976.
The Preamble contains the aims and objectives of our Constitution.
Fundamental Rights are contained in Part III— called “Magna Carta” of the Constitution
The idea was borrowed from the USA. Initially, there were 7 fundamental rights, now there are only 6. (The Right to Property was deleted by the 44th amendment in 1978. It is now a judicial right—it has been moved to Article 300(A).)
Fundamental Right of Equality provides for:
—Equality in government jobs, No discriminations, No untouchability, Abolition of titles
The Constitution provides that High Courts and the Supreme Court can issue various writs (written orders) to safeguard the freedom of an individual. There are five types of writes:
Habeas Corpus, Mandamus, Prohibition, Quo Warranto and Certiorari
Dr Ambedkar has called this article “soul” of the Constitution.
Directive Principles of State Policy Act as guidelines or morals for the government. They are contained in Part IV of the Constitution. They were borrowed from Ireland.
Fundamental duties are contained in part IV(A). There are ten fundamental duties listed in the Constitution. This idea was borrowed from Russia.
The Vice President is the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. However, he is not a member of any House.
Rajya Sabha has 250 members—238 elected and 12 nominated by the President. Uttar Pradesh elected the maximum number of members for the Rajya Sabha (31), followed by Bihar (16) and Maharashtra (19).
Lok Sabha has 545 members—543 elected and 2 nominated from the Anglo-Indian Community.
The maximum number of members of Lok Sabha are elected from Uttar Pradesh (80 members), followed by Bihar (40) and Maharashtra (48).
The minimum age for becoming a member of Lok Sabha is 25 years and Rajya Sabha is 30 years.
Minimum age to be eligible for the post of the President is 35 years.
The first High Courts in India were established at Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras, in 1862. Allahabad and Delhi were established next in 1866.
Maximum age to remain a High Court judge is 62 years and maximum age to remain a Supreme Court judge is 65 years. There are at present 24 High Courts in India.
The Constitution initially recognized 22 National Languages. Later, four more were added. These were: Sindhi (21st amendment), Nepali, Konkani, and Manipuri (71st amendment).
|Serial No.||Book Name||Author Name|
CTET Success Master Social Science/Studies Paper-2 for Class 6 to 8 2020
|2.||12 YEAR-WISE CTET Paper 2 (Social Science/ Studies) Solved Papers (2011 - 2019) - 2nd English Edition|
CTET Social Science and Its Pedagogy
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