Haryana Special: Vibrant Culture, History and Heritage

By Karishma Singh|Updated : October 6th, 2022

Haryana is one of the wealthiest states in India and it is famous for being rich folklore. The people of Haryana have their traditions. The age-old customs of meditation, Yoga, and chanting of Vedic Mantras, are still observed by the masses. Read here the Study Notes on Haryana Culture, History & Heritage.

1. Kurukshetra – Land of the Historical Battle of ‘Mahabharata’

Nestled at the banks of the pious River Saraswati and River Godavari, the sacred Kurukshetra city is situated in the Kurukshetra district of Haryana. It is in this place where Lord Krishna narrated the divine Bhagvat Gita to Arjuna during the epic battle of Mahabharata. A trip to this city offers a wonderful opportunity to marvel at the unique culture and remarkable history of Indian civilization.

Some of the popular tourist attractions of Kurukshetra that entice visitors to the magnificent state of Haryana are:

  • Jyotisar
  • Brahmasrovar
  • Sannehit Sarovar
  • Gurudwara Rajghat
  • Sheikh Chehli’s Tomb

Kurukshetra tenders a great insight into the splendour and grandeur of ancient India and the memories of this city will remain etched in the heart forever.

2. Badkal Lake 

It is one of the most prominent and well-known picnic destinations in Haryana. The lake is enveloped by lush green gardens and offers a tranquil ambience. The lake was constructed in 1947 with the motive of offering tourists a beautiful place where they can enjoy a fun-filled time with their near and dear ones. The pristine lake is one of the popular weekend getaways visited by tourists. There are various options for tourists as they can enjoy boating, swimming and angling.

3. Kingdom of Dreams 

It is popular as India’s luxurious entertainment, leisure and theatre destination that offers a unique display of India’s culture, heritage, theatre and performing arts. Located in the city of Gurgaon in Haryana, it is spread across 6 acres and takes people into a spectacular world beyond their imagination. Kingdom of Dreams also has a Nautanki Mahal, which is one of the most spacious and advanced auditoriums in India. The auditorium seems like a majestic palace of any kind and can easily accommodate more than 800 people. Everything you see here will be a larger-than-life experience for you. For example, if there is a show going on about the delectable cuisines of India, then you will be astonished to know that you can smell the aroma of food items.

4. Panipat – Reminiscent of Epic Battles

The historical city of Panipat is situated around 90 kilometres from Delhi on the banks of the sacred Yamuna River. It is an ancient land where the battles of Panipat were fought. It is believed that the city was founded by the Pandavas during the period of the Mahabharata.

Some of the popular destinations in Panipat that are frequented by tourists are:

  • Panipat Museum
  • The Old Fort
  • Kabuli Shah Mosque
  • Grave of Ibrahim Lodhi
  • Devi Temple (a temple dedicated to the local deity)

Panipat is also famous as one of the major producers of blankets and other stunning handloom textile products that have a huge demand not only in India but also in many parts of the world.

5. Ambala 

Imagine a state in India where how wealthy an individual is is judged by the number of cattle the individual has! Where the golden rays of the rising sun penetrate the verdant fields and the chirping of birds lend a piece of sweet music to the ears. The hookas, the cows, the khaats, the milk, the paddy fields, the colourful festivals… Yes, it is Incredible Haryana, also known as the “Home of Gods”. 

Haryana shares its borders with several states of India like Rajasthan, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Himachal Pradesh. The state is a visitor’s delight because of its friendly people, pleasant climate, lush forests, beautiful fairs, translucent lakes, ancient monuments, serene landscapes, lip-smacking food and more. 

6. Gurgaon – Fastest Growing Industrial and Financial Center in India

The majestic state of Haryana has progressed leaps and bounds over the years which can be largely attributed to a large number of tourist attractions at its disposal; many of these attractions have religious and historical importance and are effectively maintained and developed by the state’s tourism department. As a result, the state has been able to captivate the attention of the travellers who visit the region to marvel at the several awe-inspiring splendours of this quaint state.

The leading brands of India have set up their offices. The towering shopping malls are a perfect example of the growth the state is making. The city also has a historical connection because the legend has it that Guru Dronacharya gave spiritual knowledge to the Pandavas and the Kauravas here.

One of the major attractions of the city is the Shitala Mata Mandir considered to be the goddess of smallpox. The temple is flocked by several tourists all around the year to get rid of the smallpox disease and to seek the blessings of the Goddess.

  • Damdama Lake
  • Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary
  • Leisure Valley Park
  • Kingdom of Dreams
  • Museum of Folk and Art
  • Heritage Transport Museum
  • Sheesh Mahal

7. Faridabad – Industrial Hub of Haryana

Located 28 kilometres away from Delhi, Faridabad is an emerging industrial and commercial hub of Haryana. The city is surrounded by the enchanting Aravalli Hills that certainly charm the visitors. 

There are many striking attractions in the city:

  • Surajkund Lake
  • Badkhal Lake
  • Camp Wild
  • Baba Farid Tomb
  • Raja Nahar Singh Palace

One of the major crowd-pullers in Faridabad is the ‘Suraj Kund Fair, which is organized every year in February. At the fair, a rich collection of art and craft products belonging to various states of India is displayed.

8. Bhiwani – City of Temples

Bhiwani is a spiritual place also known as ‘Chota Kashi’ because it is replete with lots of temples devoted to various Gods and Goddesses. The divine and holy ambience of the temples offers great peace of mind to the visitors. A visit to Bhiwani will surely provide great spiritual and mental peace to the tourists.

The popular temples of Bhiwani are:

  • Jain Temple
  • Hanuman Mandir
  • Shri Rang Nath Mandir
  • Star Monument
  • Gauri Shankar Mandir
  • Jogi Wala Mandir
  • Shri Ram Pathshala and Sri Ram Mandir

9. Hissar– the City of Steel, Textile and Automobile Industry

Located around 64 kilometres away from Delhi, Hissar was one of the largest districts in Haryana before it was divided into two new districts known as Bhiwani and Sirsa. Hissar was founded by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, a Turkic Muslim ruler of the Tughlaq Dynasty, in the 14th century.

There are plenty of historical monuments and other attractions in Hissar, which are worth a visit:

  • Feroz Shah’s Palace
  • Baholshah’s Mosque
  • The tomb of Chalis Haliz
  • Ashoka Pillar

The district boasts the largest automobile and spare parts market (in terms of radius and area). The Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University (One of the biggest agricultural universities in Asia) is also located in Hissar.

10. Karnal – Rice Bowl of India

Karnal is around 120 kilometres away from Delhi and was named after Karna, the eldest son of Kunti in the Mahabharata hence it is also known by the name ‘The City of Danvir Karna’. The city is an abode of many renowned Research and Development Institutes such as the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR), Central Soil Salinity Research Institute (CSSRI), National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), and Directorate of Wheat Research (DWR).

The major tourist attractions of the city are:

  • Karnal Fort
  • Pukka Pul
  • Noor Mahal
  • Cantonment Church Tower
  • Karnal Lake

Karnal is also well known as the ‘Rice Bowl of India’ because various kinds of basmati rice are produced here. This city is also the birthplace of Kalpana Chawla, the first Indian-American astronaut and the first Indian woman in space who was killed in the space shuttle Columbia in the year 2003.




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