GATE XE 2022

GATE XE 2022

ByVarun Singh  |  Updated on: Dec 21, 2021
GATE XE 2022 result has been released on the official website. To check the GATE result 2022 follow the link provided here. GATE XE 2022: Exam Date, Syllabus, Paper, Cut Off, Scope

GATE XE 2022 Latest Updates

GATE XE 2022 result has been released on the official website. To check the GATE result 2022 follow the link provided below:

GATE XE 2022 Result

GATE Engineering Sciences  XE Notification 2022 has been released by the conducting body in 2022. GATE 2022 exam date schedule has been released with the GATE 2022 official notification. The GATE XE 2022 will take place on 12th February 2021.

GATE XE 2022 Schedule


GATE is a national-level exam that is held annually for admission to M.Tech/PhD in the field of engineering and technology. It is conducted on a rotational basis by zonal IITs and IISc Bangalore. Candidates can check the Engineering Sciences notification updates, eligibility criteria, exam pattern, syllabus for all the sections along with important books and preparation tips below. 

GATE XE 2022 Notification

The GATE XE Notification 2022 is now available online. The online application link is closed. The candidates will be able to appear in February 2022. The complete details are now available for the Engineering Candidates on BYJU'S Exam Prep.

GATE XE Engineering Sciences Important Dates 2022

The GATE 2022 important dates will be released XE 2022. All the important dates concerning the exam will be updated here. 

GATE 2022 Events

Exam Dates

GATE XE 2022 Notification Release

July 31, 2021

GATE XE 2022 Application Form Release

August 30, 2021

Last Day to Fill GATE XE 2022 Application Form (without late fee)

September 24, 2021

GATE XE 2022 Form Correction (without late fee)

October 26, 2021 to November 1, 2021

GATE XE Admit Card Release

January 3, 2022

GATE XE 2022 Exam Dates

February 12, 2022

GATE XE 2022 Result Declaration

March 17, 2022

Release of GATE XE 2022 Score Card (without any fee)

March 21, 2021, to May 31, 2021

GATE XE Eligibility Criteria

As per the GATE 2022 notification, the following changes have been made in the GATE Engineering Sciences Eligibility Criteria. 

  • An applicant studying in the 3rd or higher years of any UG degree is eligible to appear for GATE-2022 examination.
  • Candidates who have completed any degree program in Engineering / Technology / Architecture / Science / Commerce / Arts are eligible to apply. 
  • There is NO age limit to appear for GATE 2022 examination, however, the following criteria must be fulfilled.

Any candidate who holds a Bachelor degree holders in Engineering Sciences (4 years after 10+2) and those who are in the final or pre-final year of such programmes are eligible to apply.

Selection Process For GATE XE 2022

The selection will be made on the basis of of scores secured by you in GATE 2022 Examination.  The Candidates who will clear GATE XE 2022 will be eligible for seeking admission and/or financial assistance to the following:


  • Master’s programs and direct Doctoral programs in Engineering/ Technology/ Architecture.
  • Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) have been using the GATE score in their recruitment process. (PSUs like BHEL, SAIL, IOCL, GAIL all are Maharatna PSUs) (BEL, Oil Indian Limited, Power Grid are Navratna PSUs) (Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited, PEC Limited, THDC India Limited are Mini-Ratna PSUs)
  • Doctoral programs in relevant branches of Science, in the institutions supported by the MHRD and other Government agencies. Even in some colleges and institutions, which admit students without MHRD Scholarship/ Assistantship.

GATE XE 2022 Exam Pattern

GATE 2022 Engineering Sciences (XE) Exam Pattern is majorly divided into 3 sections. The first section is General Aptitude and the second section is Engineering Mathematics which is named as section A is compulsory for candidates. The third section comprises sections B to H and candidates have to choose any two sections to appear for the exam.

 There are nine sections in the paper, out of which only 2 (General Aptitude (GA), Engineering Mathematics (XE-A) are compulsory and two optional sections out of seven such as Fluid Mechanics (XE-B), Material Science (XE-C), Solid Mechanics (XE-D), Thermodynamics (XE-E), Polymer Science & Engineering (XE-F), Food Technology(XE-G) and Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences (XE-H) which candidates need to clear.

  • The question paper will consist of 65 questions which will be further divided into three sections of a total of 100 marks.
  • There will be negative marking for only the MCQs in the exam. 
  •  The total time duration provided to complete the exam will be three hours. 
  •  There will be 2 types of questions – MCQs and NATs.
  • The second paper/ discipline options for those who have opted XE as first paper are AE/ CH/ ME/ MN/ MT/ PE/ PI/ TF.

Engineering sciences XE section comprises the following subjects/codes:

Each subject (chosen ones) from the list mentioned below will carry a total of 35 marks.

GATE XE Subject Code



Engineering Mathematics


Fluid mechanics


Material Science


Solid mechanics




Polymer Science and Engineering


Food technology


Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences

The GATE 2022-22 Exam Pattern for Engineering Sciences has been tabulated below:


Marks Distribution

Total Marks

Type of Questions


  • 5 questions of 1-mark each
  • 5 questions of 2-marks each

15 Marks

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

Section A – Engineering Mathematics (compulsory)

  • 7 questions of 1-mark each
  • 4 questions of 2-marks each

15 Marks

MCQs and NATs

Sections B to H

(Any two)

  • 9 questions of 1-mark each 
  • 13 questions of 2-marks each

35 Marks

MCQs and NATs

GATE XE 2022 Syllabus

There are a total of nine sections in the paper, out of which only 2 (General Aptitude (GA), Engineering Mathematics (XE-A) are compulsory and two optional sections out of seven such as Fluid Mechanics (XE-B), Material Science (XE-C), Solid Mechanics (XE-D), Thermodynamics (XE-E), Polymer Science & Engineering (XE-F), Food Technology(XE-G) and Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences (XE-H) which candidates need to clear.

The syllabus for each of the Engineering Sciences Subjects has been mentioned below:

GATE XE Engineering Mathematics

Engineering Mathematics is a branch of applied mathematics concerning mathematical methods and techniques that are typically used in engineering and industry. This paper is mandatory for everybody.

The syllabus for GATE XE A Engineering Mathematics is mentioned following:

  • Linear Algebra
  • Calculus
  • Vector Calculus
  • Complex variables
  • Ordinary Differential Equations
  • Partial Differential Equations
  • Probability and Statistics
  • Numerical Methods

GATE 2022 XE-B Fluid Mechanics Syllabus

Fluid Mechanics is a branch of physics concerned with the mechanics of fluids and the forces on them. Fluid mechanics has a wide range of applications, including mechanical engineering, civil engineering, chemical engineering, biomedical engineering, geophysics, astrophysics, and biology. The syllabus is mentioned below as per the topic:

Section 1: Flow and Fluid Properties

  • Fluid Properties: Density, viscosity, surface tension, the relationship between stress and strain rate for Newtonian fluids.
  • Classification of Flows: Viscous versus inviscid flows, incompressible versus compressible flows, internal versus external flows, steady versus unsteady flows, laminar versus turbulent flows, 1-D, 2-D and 3-D flows, Newtonian versus non-Newtonian fluid flow.
  • Hydrostatics: Buoyancy, manometry, forces on submerged bodies and its stability.

Section 2: Kinematics

  • Eulerian and Lagrangian descriptions of fluid motion.
  • Concept of local, convective and material derivatives. Streamline, streakline, pathline and timeline.

Section 3: Integral Analysis

  • Reynolds Transport Theorem (RTT) for conservation of mass, linear and angular momentum.

Section 4: Differential Analysis

  • Differential equations of mass and momentum for incompressible flows.
  • Inviscid flows - Euler equations and viscous flows - Navier-Stokes equations.
  • Concept of fluid rotation, vorticity, stream function and circulation.
  • Exact solutions of Navier-Stokes equations for Couette flow and Poiseuille flow, thin film flow.

Section 5: Dimensional Analysis

  • Concept of geometric, kinematic and dynamic similarity.
  • Buckingham Pi theorem and its applications.
  • Non-dimensional parameters and their physical significance - Reynolds number, Froude number and Mach number.

Section 6: Internal Flows

  • Fully developed pipe flow.
  • Empirical relations for laminar and turbulent flows: friction factor, Darcy-Weisbach relation and Moody’s chart.
  • Major and minor losses.

Section 7: Bernoulli’s Equation and its Applications, Potential Flows

  • Bernoulli’s equation: Assumptions and applications.
  • Flow measurements - Venturi meter, Pitot-static tube and orifice meter.
  • Elementary potential flows Velocity potential function.
  • Uniform flow, source, sink and vortex, and their superposition for flow past simple geometries.

Section 8: External Flows

  • Prandtl boundary layer equations: Concept and assumptions.
  • Boundary layer characteristics: Boundary layer thickness, displacement thickness and momentum thickness.
  • Qualitative idea of boundary layer separation, streamlined and bluff bodies, and drag and lift forces.

GATE 2022 XE-C Materials Science Syllabus

Section 1: Classification and Structure of Materials

  • Classification of materials: metals, ceramics, polymers and composites.
  • Nature of bonding in materials: metallic, ionic, covalent and mixed bonding; the structure of materials: fundamentals of crystallography, symmetry operations, crystal systems, Bravais lattices, unit cells, primitive cells, crystallographic planes and directions; structures of metals, ceramics, polymers, amorphous materials and glasses.
  • Defects in crystalline materials: 0-D, 1-D and 2-D defects; vacancies, interstitials, solid solutions in metals and ceramics, Frenkel and Schottky defects; dislocations; grain boundaries, twins, stacking faults; surfaces and interfaces.

Section 2:  Thermodynamics, Kinetics and Phase Transformations

  • Extensive and intensive thermodynamic properties, laws of thermodynamics, phase equilibria, phase rule, phase diagrams (unary and binary), basic electrochemistry.
  • Reaction kinetics, fundamentals of diffusion, Fick’s laws, their solutions and applications.
  • Solidification of pure metals and alloys, nucleation and growth, diffusional solid-state phase transformations (precipitation and eutectoid), martensitic transformation.

Section 3: Properties and Applications of Materials

  • Mechanical properties of metals, ceramics, polymers and composites at room temperature; stress-strain response (elastic, anelastic and plastic deformation).
  • Electronic properties: free electron theory, Fermi energy, the density of states, elements of band theory, semiconductors, Hall effect, dielectric behaviour, piezo- and ferroelectric behaviour.
  • Magnetic Properties: Origin of magnetism in materials, para-, dia-, Ferro- and ferri-magnetism.
  • Thermal properties: Specific heat, heat conduction, thermal diffusivity, thermal expansion, and thermoelectricity.
  • Optical properties: Refractive index, absorption and transmission of electromagnetic radiation.
  • Examples of materials exhibiting the above properties, and their typical/common applications.

Section 4: Characterization and Measurements of Properties

  • X-ray diffraction; spectroscopic techniques such as UV-Vis, IR and Raman; optical microscopy, electron microscopy, composition analysis in electron microscopes.
  • Tensile test, hardness measurement.
  • Electrical conductivity, carrier mobility and concentrations.
  • Thermal analysis techniques: thermogravimetry and calorimetry.

Section 5: Processing of Materials

  • Heat treatment of ferrous and aluminium alloys; preparation of ceramic powders, sintering; thin film deposition: evaporation and sputtering techniques, and chemical vapour deposition, thin-film growth phenomena.

Section 6: Degradation of Materials

  • Corrosion and its prevention; embrittlement of metals; polymer degradation.

GATE 2022 XE-D Solid Mechanics Syllabus

Section 1: Mechanics of rigid bodies

  • Equivalent force systems; free-body diagrams; equilibrium equations; analysis of determinate trusses and frames; friction; principle of minimum potential energy; particle kinematics and dynamics; dynamics of rigid bodies under planar motion; law of conservation of energy; law of conservation of momentum.

Section 2: Mechanics of deformable bodies

  • Stresses and strains; transformation of stresses and strains, principal stresses and strains; Mohr’s circle for plane stress and plane strain; generalized Hooke’s Law; elastic constants; thermal stresses; theories of failure.
  • Axial force, shear force and bending moment diagrams; axial, shear and bending stresses; combined stresses; deflection (for symmetric bending); torsion in circular shafts; thin-walled pressure vessels; energy methods (Castigliano’s Theorems); Euler buckling.

Section 3: Vibrations

  • Free vibration of undamped single degree of freedom systems.


GATE 2022 XE-E Thermodynamics Syllabus

Section 1: Basic Concept

  • Continuum and macroscopic approach; thermodynamic systems (closed and open); thermodynamic properties and equilibrium; state of a system, state postulate for simple compressible substances, state diagrams, paths and processes on state diagrams; concepts of heat and work, different modes of work; zeroth law of thermodynamics; the concept of temperature.

Section 2: First Law of Thermodynamics

  • Concept of energy and various forms of energy; internal energy, enthalpy; specific heats; first law applied to elementary processes, closed systems and control volumes, steady and unsteady flow analysis.

Section 3: Second Law of Thermodynamics

  • Limitations of the first law of thermodynamics, concepts of heat engines and heat pumps/refrigerators, Kelvin-Planck and Clausius statements and their equivalence; reversible and irreversible processes
  • Carnot cycle and Carnot principles/theorems; thermodynamic temperature scale
  • Clausius inequality and concept of entropy; microscopic interpretation of entropy, the principle of increase of entropy
  • T-s diagrams; second law analysis of control volume; availability and irreversibility; third law of thermodynamics.

Section 4: Properties of Pure Substances

  • Thermodynamic properties of pure substances in solid, liquid and vapour phases
  • P-vT behaviour of simple compressible substances, phase rule, thermodynamic property tables and charts, ideal and real gases, ideal gas equation of state and van der Waals equation of state; law of corresponding states, compressibility factor and generalized compressibility chart.

Section 5: Thermodynamic Relations

  • T-ds relations, Helmholtz and Gibbs functions, Gibbs relations
  • Maxwell relations, Joule-Thomson coefficient, coefficient of volume expansion, adiabatic and isothermal compressibilities, Clapeyron and Clapeyron-Clausius equations.

Section 6: Thermodynamic Cycles

  • Carnot vapour cycle, ideal Rankine cycle
  • Rankine reheats cycle, air-standard Otto cycle, air-standard Diesel cycle, air-standard Brayton cycle, vapour-compression refrigeration cycle.

Section 7: Ideal Gas Mixtures

  • Dalton’s and Amagat’s laws, properties of ideal gas mixtures, air-water vapour mixtures and simple thermodynamic processes involving them; specific and relative humidities, dew point and wet bulb temperature, adiabatic saturation temperature, psychrometric chart.

GATE 2022 XE-F Polymer Science and Engineering Syllabus

Section 1: Chemistry of High Polymers

  • Monomers, functionality, degree of polymerizations, classification of polymers, glass transition, melting transition, criteria for rubberiness, polymerization methods: addition and condensation; their kinetics, metallocene polymers and other newer methods of polymerization, copolymerization, monomer reactivity ratios and its significance, kinetics, different copolymers, random, alternating, azeotropic copolymerization, block and graft copolymers, techniques for polymerization-bulk, solution, suspension, emulsion.
  • Concept of intermolecular order (morphology) – amorphous, crystalline, orientation states. Factor affecting crystallinity. Crystalline transition. Effect of morphology on polymer properties.

Section 2: Polymer Characterization

  • Solubility and swelling, concept of average molecular weight, determination of number average, weight average, viscosity average and Z-average molecular weights, polymer crystallinity, analysis of polymers using IR, XRD, thermal (DSC, DMTA, TGA), microscopic (optical and electronic) techniques.

Section 3: Synthesis, Manufacturing, and Properties

  • Commodity and general purpose thermoplastics: PE, PP, PS, PVC, Polyesters, Acrylic, PU polymers.
  • Engineering Plastics: Nylon, PC, PBT, PSU, PPO, ABS, Fluoropolymers Thermosetting polymers: Polyurethane, PF, MF, UF, Epoxy, Unsaturated polyester, Alkyds. Natural and synthetic rubbers: Recovery of NR hydrocarbon from latex; SBR, Nitrile, CR, CSM, EPDM, IIR, BR, Silicone, TPE, Speciality plastics: PEK, PEEK, PPS, PSU, PES etc. Biopolymers such as PLA, PHA/PHB.

Section 4: Polymer Blends and Composites

  • Difference between blends and composites, their significance, choice of polymers for blending, blend miscibility-miscible and immiscible blends, thermodynamics, phase morphology, polymer alloys, polymer eutectics, plastic-plastic, rubber-plastic and rubber-rubber blends, FRP, particulate, long and short fiber reinforced composites.

Section 5: Polymer Technology

  • Polymer compounding-need and significance, different compounding ingredients for rubber and plastics (Antioxidants, Light stabilizers, UV stabilizers, Lubricants, Processing aids, Impact modifiers, Flame retardant, antistatic agents.
  • PVC stabilizers and Plasticizers) and their function, use of carbon black, polymer mixing equipment, crosslinking and vulcanization, vulcanization kinetics.

Section 6: Polymer Rheology

  • The flow of Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids, different flow equations, dependence of shear modulus on temperature, molecular/segmental deformations at different zones and transitions
  • Measurements of rheological parameters by capillary rotating, parallel plate, cone-plate rheometer. Viscoelasticity-creep and stress relaxations, mechanical models, control of rheological characteristics through compounding, rubber curing in parallel plate viscometer, ODR and MDR.

Section 7: Polymer Processing

  • Compression moulding, transfer moulding, injection moulding, blow moulding, reaction injection moulding, extrusion, pultrusion, calendaring, rotational moulding, thermoforming, rubber processing in the two-roll mill, internal mixer.

Section 8: Polymer Testing

  • Mechanical-static and dynamic tensile, flexural, compressive, abrasion, endurance, fatigue, hardness, tear, resilience, impact, toughness
  • Conductivity-thermal and electrical, dielectric constant, dissipation factor, power factor, electric resistance, surface resistivity, volume resistivity, swelling, ageing resistance, environmental stress cracking resistance.

Section 9: Polymer Recycling and Waste Management

  • Polymer waste, and its impact on the environment, Sources, Identification and Separation techniques, recycling classification, recycling of thermoplastics, thermosets and rubbers, applications of recycled materials.
  • Life cycle assessment of polymer products (case studies like PET bottles, packaging bags)

GATE 2022 XE-G Food Technology Syllabus

Food technology is a branch of food science that deals with the production processes that make foods.

  • Food Chemistry and Nutrition
  • Food Microbiology
  • Food Products Technology
  • Food Engineering

GATE 2022 XE-H Atmospheric & Ocean Science Syllabus

Section A: Atmospheric Science

  • Vertical Structure and Composition of the Atmosphere; Blackbody Radiation and Radiation Balance; Modes of Heat Transfer in the Atmosphere; Greenhouse Effect; Cloud Types; Laws of Thermodynamics; Gas Laws; Hydrostatic Equation; Clausius Clapeyron Equation; Adiabatic Processes, Humidity in the Atmosphere, Atmospheric Stability; Weather and Climate.
  • Navier-Stokes and Continuity Equations; Compressible and Incompressible Fluids; Pressure Gradient, Centripetal, Centrifugal and Coriolis Forces; Geostrophic, Gradient and Cyclostrophic Balances; Circulations and Vorticity, General Circulation of the Atmosphere. Broad Features of Indian Monsoons, Monsoon Depressions; Tropical Convergence Zones; Tropical Cyclones.

Section B: Ocean Science

  • Vertical Profiles of Temperature and Salinity; Stability and Double Diffusion; Equation of State, Equations for Conservation of Mass, Momentum, Heat and Salt; Inertial Currents; Geostrophic Motion; Air-Sea Surface Fluxes; Wind-driven Circulation, Ekman and Sverdrup Transports; Storm Surges, Tides, Tsunamis and Wind Waves; Eddies and Gyres; Eastern and Western Boundary Currents, Equatorial Currents, Indian Ocean Current Systems; Thermohaline Circulation.
  • Chemical Properties of Seawater, Major and Minor Elements, Ocean Acidification, Biochemical Cycling of Nutrients, Trace Metals and Organic Matter. Biological Pump; Primary and Secondary Biological Productivity; Air-sea Exchange of Biogenic Dissolved Gases; Marine Ecology.

GATE XE 2022 Books

Preparation Tips For GATE XE 2022

​1. Choose your Sections

  • In Engineering Sciences, the Engineering Mathematics section will be compulsory for all the candidates. 
  • Candidates will get an option to select 2 options or papers from section B to H as listed above on this page.
  • You should choose only those two subjects where you think you can score marks and are based on your current qualification and interest. 

2. Practice, practice and more practice

  • You are advised to practice more and more so that you can easily solve the questions during the time of real examination. 
  • The practice will also help you in gaining accuracy and speed. 
  • Moreover, you will also come across different types of questions with varied difficulty level and that will give you confidence to approach any question with ease in the exam hall.

3. Proper reference books

  • Select the right books for preparation. 
  • Select the books which are easy to understand and have all the basic details with examples. 

4. Solve mock tests regularly and other practice papers

  • The mock test will help you to identify your strong and weak areas. 
  • You can practice from the BYJU'S Exam Prep Engineering Test Papers.
  • Remember to prepare a list of important formulae.

GATE XE Papers

To channel your exam preparation, solving the previous year's GATE Engineering Sciences XE question paper will be a helpful option. This will give you an overview of the entire question paper such as the level of difficulty, paper pattern, important sections, and much more.


The GATE Engineering Science Cut Off for 2019 is given below as per category wise.

Exam Paper




Engineering Sciences (XE- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H)




GATE XE Engineering Sciences Admit Card 2022

After applying online for GATE XE 2022 successfully, the candidates will be issued admit card. The Admit Card holds much importance. GATE Admit Card download will be from the 1st week of January 2022 (tentative).

Steps to Download GATE XE Admit Card 

To download the GATE 2022 Admit Card for GATE 2022 XE, you will require your enrollment number and password.

GATE XE 2022 Result

Once the GATE 2022 XE is conducted successfully, you will be able to view your results from the GOAPS portal. The softcopy of the result can be downloaded from the official portal. Only the students who have acquired the qualification score will be able to download their scorecards.


  • The GATE XE will take place on 12th February 2022.

  • You can download the GATE XE Admit Card from the official site of IIT Kharagpur.