Difference between Lokpal and Lokayukta
Statutory Body: Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013 mandates establishment of Lokpal at the Union level.
Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013 mandates establishment of Lokayukta at the State level. But many states have had lokayuktas much before this Act.
Functions: Inquiries into allegations of corruptions on receiving complaint or suo motto against authorities at Union level.
Inquire into allegations of corruptions on receiving complaint or suo motto against authorities at State level.
Structure: Lokpal consists of one Chairperson and 8 members.
Lokayukta in different states has a different structure. Some states have Lokayukta and Upalokayukta also.
Lokayukta shall consist of both judicial and non-judicial members.
Appointment of Lokpal and members: The selection of the Chairperson and the members of Lokpal shall be through a Selection Committee.
The members are appointed by the president on the recommendation of a Selection Committee.
The Lokayukta (and Upalokayukta in some states) are appointed by the governor of the state.
In some states, Governor appoints Lokayukta, consulting with the chief justice of the state high court, and the leader of Opposition in the state legislative assembly.
Tenure: The tenure of Lokpal Chairman and Members is of 5 years or until he attains the age of 70, whichever is earlier. And he is not eligible for reappointment for a second term.
The term of office fixed for Lokayukta is of 5 years duration or 65 years of age, whichever is earlier. And he is not eligible for reappointment for a second term.
Jurisdiction: The jurisdiction of Lokpal includes the Prime Minister, Ministers, Members of Parliament and Groups A, B, C and D officers and officials of the Central Government.
There is no uniformity in the jurisdiction of Lokayuktas in states. Different states provided different jurisdiction.
Ministers and higher civil servants, Former Ministers, MLAs, authorities of the local bodies, corporations, companies and societies are included.
In some states like HP and A.P, Chief Minister is included.