Utkal Divas, also known as Utakala Dibasa or Utkal Diwas, is celebrated every year on April 1 by people of the new state of Odisha and the Odia diaspora to commemorate the formation of the Odisha state. The day marks the appearance of Odisha state after a struggle to be acknowledged as an independent state.
What is Utkal Divas?
Utkal Divas is celebrated with enthusiasm across Odisha. They also pray for the good health of the country and its people. Celebrating Utkala Divas or Utakala Dibasa is an essential step in asserting the identity of the Odia people.
Since the year of inception in 1936, Utkal Divas date is April 1 and will continue to be one of the most critical days in the history of Orissa. Hence, some people refer to it as Odisha Day too.
Utkal Divas History
On April 1, 1936, a separate province was carved out from Bengal and Bihar province in British India to be called Orissa Province. The area known as Odisha used to be a part of Kalinga, one of the many kingdoms that emerged from the ashes after the great war of Ashoka.
On Utkala Dibasha, the Parliament of India first declared its resolve to liberate Odisha from British rule and form a separate province – and later, an independent state – with its capital at Cuttack. The day is still celebrated with much fanfare across the state.
Why Utkal Divas is celebrated?
The people of Odisha are very proud of their state and its heritage. They have many reasons to celebrate this day, as so many things contribute to their identity as a state.
The Utkal Divas is celebrated with much pomp and show. The people of Odisha celebrate this day with enthusiasm and fervour. Utkal Divas is celebrated to remember the historical event in 1936 when Odisha became a separate province from Bengal and Bihar.
Orissa was the first state to be formed based on the language Oriya. It was the first to be used in the court of Ashoka, which later on became the official government language in the region.
On this day, the Chief Minister of the Odisha government hoists the flag and delivers a speech in a public place every year. A public meeting is also arranged in the evening where people gather and respect their forefathers who struggled to get freedom from British rule.
Odisha Utkal Divas Activities
On this day, students and government employees are given a holiday. The day is marked with cultural programmes and rallies across the state.
The day is marked by various cultural programmes in the state, including dramas, dance, and music performances. Utkal Divas is also observed in schools and colleges. Students celebrate the occasion by holding cultural programmes and poetry recitations, besides organising rallies and processions.
The State Government of Odisha organises functions and events to mark the Utkal Divas, including cultural programmes, seminars and exhibitions at different places in the state.
Utkal Divas is the anniversary of an important day in the history of Odisha and the foundation stone of their statehood.
FAQs about Utkal Divas
- When are Utkal Divas celebrated in India?
Utkal Divas is celebrated on April 1 every year.
- How did Odisha attain an independent status in the year 1936?
The Parliament of India decided to establish the Odisha province separate from Bengal and Bihar based on the language Odia.
- Which year did Odisha become a separate language-based province in India
Odisha became a separate province in the year 1936.