The United Nations Sustainable Development Report, previously known as the SDG index, is a one-of-a-kind global study to evaluate the position of all the countries with regards to their achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. The SDG, unlike the Millennium Development Goals - SDG index's predecessors, set sustainable goals for not only the developing nations but also for the industrial countries. All the United Nations members have agreed towards achieving the goals by the year 2030 to make this world poverty, disease, and hunger-free.
In order to achieve the goals, the governing bodies of each nation implement various regulations in accordance with the standards laid down by the SDG index for sustainable growth and development.
How are the Countries Ranked in the SDG Index?
The Sustainable Development Report is calculated according to a nation's progression in achieving all the 17 sustainable development goals and 169 targets laid down by the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. 100 is the maximum achievable score, and all the nations are ranked according to the best results achieved.
Here's the list of 10 nations that are currently topping the SDG Index -
What is the SDG India Index Ranking?
As seen in the table, India is currently ranked at 120 with a score of 60.07. As a developing country, India has been successfully implementing the SDG index model in the country through Niti Aayog. Niti Aayog works by supervising the nation's adoption and implementation of the models of the SDG index while promoting a competitive yet cooperative spirit among the states and union territories.
Recently, the SDG India index had also made its progression live on an online dashboard, which showcases how all the states and the UTs have been implementing the standards of the society and their respective rankings. In India, Kerala is leading for the third time straight since the SDG Index implementation with 75 points. The state is closely followed by Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, with a score of 72 each.
How Does the SDG India Index Work?
The methodology followed by the SDG India index closely mirrors that of the Social and Development Goals Index laid down by the United Nations. The index computes a score based on the states' and union territories' achievement of 16 SDG goals. The score ranges between 0 and 100, and the first state or UT to achieve a 100% score would be deemed to have achieved the 2030-target.
All the Indian states and UTs have been segregated into 4 groups based on their scores - Aspirant (0-49), Performer (50-64), Front Runner (65-99), and Achiever (100). While Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Himachal Pradesh are the top-performing states, Assam, Jharkhand, and Bihar are the worst-performing states. However, all the states have shown a steady increase in their overall scores.
FAQs about SDG Index
What is the full form of the SDG index?
The full form of the SDG index is the Sustainable Development Goals Index.
What is India's SDG index rank?
India's rank on the SDG index is 120.
Which is the top-performing country in the global SDG index?
Finland is the country with the highest SDG index score.
Which is the state having the highest SDG India index rank?
Kerala is the state having the highest SDG India index rank.