Sarojini Naidu: Know about Nightingale of India

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 7, 2023, 11:25

Sarojini Naidu was a popular Indian poet. Her first collection of poems, The Golden Threshold, was published in 1905. Her poetry has been praised by many prominent Indian politicians, including Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Her poetry collection The Feather of the Dawn was edited and published after her death in 1961.

Sarojini Naidu: Biography

Known as the "Indian Nightingale," Sarojini Naidu was a well-known playwright, poet, and Indian independence activist. She was the first woman to chair the Indian National Congress and the first woman to hold the post of the Governor of Uttar Pradesh. She was born on 13th February 1879.

Sarojini was a very intelligent child who was fluent in five languages and wrote poetry from an early age. She was awarded a scholarship for studying at King's College in England. There she expanded her writing to articles dealing with subjects such as India's great temples and mountains and the intricate details of social life in India.

After the partition of Bengal in 1905, she joined the Indian struggle for freedom and met famous figures such as Mahatma Gandhi and Pandit Nehru.

She travelled extensively to other parts of the world, including Europe and the United States, to talk about the cause of Indian nationalists. In 1919, she visited England as a member of the Indian Home Rule Commission. In the decades that followed, she became more political, roaming India, speaking on various subjects such as youth welfare, women's freedom, and nationalism.

She was elected President of the Indian National Congress in 1925. Her political activities did not diminish her enthusiasm for writing. From 1905 to 1912, she wrote three poetry books.

The "Nightingale of India"

The Golden Threshold (1905) brought Sarojini Naidu recognition as the "Indian nightingale" She dedicated the Golden Threshold to Edmund Gosse, a writer she met while studying in England. It was a collection of folk songs and poems.

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FAQs about Sarojini Naidu

Who was Sarojini Naidu?

Sarojini Naidu, or Sarojini Chattopadhyay (born 13th February 1879, in Hyderabad, India, died 2nd March 1949, in Lucknow), was a feminist, poet, political activist, and chairman of the Indian National Congress.

Which are some of the best Sarojini Naidu poems?

A list of her most well-known poems:

  • A Love Song from the North
  • A Rajput Love Song
  • Alabaster
  • An Indian Love Song
  • Autumn Song
  • Corn Grinders
  • Coromandel Fishers
  • Cradle Song
  • Damayanti To Nala In The Hour Of Exile
  • Ecstasy
  • Harvest Hymn
  • Humayun To Zobeida (From the Urdu)
  • In Praise Of Henna
  • In Salutation to the Eternal Peace
  • In The Bazaars of Hyderabad
  • In The Forest
  • Indian Dancer
  • Indian Dancers
  • Indian Love Song
  • Indian Weavers
  • Leili
  • Life
  • My Dead Dream
  • Nightfall In The City Of Hyderabad
  • Ode to H.H. The Nizam Of Hyderabad
  • Palanquin Bearers
  • Past and Future
  • Song Of A Dream
  • Street Cries
  • Suttee

Where is Sarojini Naidu College located?

The Sarojini Naidu College for Women was founded on 14th August 1956 as a refugee rehabilitation college, and today it is one of the leading girls' education institutions in the northern suburbs of Kolkata.

When was Sarojini Naidu born?

Sarojini Naidu was born on 13th February in the year 1879.

What were some of Sarojini Naidu's achievements?

Sarojini Naidu was the first Indian woman to chair the Indian National Congress and be appointed as the State Governor of India.