Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 22, 2022, 8:28

Recently, China has broken a world record after completing the first nuclear fission reactor for more than 17 minutes, known as the Artificial sun. The Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor has successfully replicated the energy generation operation of the sun.

The sun produces clean energy through nuclear fusion. However, this artificial sun has a temperature five times hotter than the sun. This exceptional experiment is a milestone for creating a source of almost limitless clean energy with very few waste materials.

Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor - Overview

The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) device built by China mimics the sun's nuclear fusion process. In the recent nuclear fusion experiment, the superheated loop of plasma reached 120 million ℃ for about 101 seconds, which is approximately 5 times hotter than the sun. The EAST aims to create this enormous nuclear fusion energy like the sun with the help of deuterium present in large amounts in the sea.

The Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor can reach temperatures of about 150 million ℃ or more, which is 10 times hotter than the sun's nucleus. It is the crucial stepping stone in the growth of China's nuclear power research potential. A nuclear fusion reactor is a safer process than fission. Moreover, nuclear fusion could potentially offer near-unlimited clean energy at a meagre cost.

Important UPSC Topics
UPSC ExamUPSC Exam Date
UPSC NotificationUPSC Eligibility
UPSC Online ApplicationUPSC Exam Pattern
UPSC SyllabusUPSC Previous Year Question Papers
UPSC Cut OffUPSC Preparation Strategy
UPSC BooksUPSC Exam Analysis
UPSC Admit CardUPSC Results

Mechanism of the Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor

The nuclear fusion reactor generates tremendous energy when the atoms fuse. The Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor runs a process through which the highest level of energy is created with the help of hardly any waste products. In nuclear fusion, immense heat and pressure are put on hydrogen atoms to fuse them together.

The tritium and deuterium nuclei are assembled to fuse together to build a helium nucleus, a neutron with an entire set of energy. Furthermore, the heated fuel, over 150 million ℃, forms a hot plasma of subatomic particles. To ensure that the plasma does not cool down and lose its capability to generate energy, the strong magnetic field helps keep it away from the reactor wall.

Significance of the Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor

Currently, natural gas and coal are the primary energy sources, but these are scarce. Thus, nuclear fusion creation helps generate energy with very little waste material for many years. The reactor generates more sustainable energy as it is ten times hotter than the sun.

The Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor could be the cleanest energy source because it mimics the sun's physics by combining atomic nuclei to generate vast amounts of energy into electricity. While nuclear fusion is an expensive process, China's experiments could help streamline further research and may lead to reduced costs.

China's Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor is an extraordinary nuclear technology that can generate a large amount of sustainable energy without using large quantities of nuclear waste. China has set the record for the most extended superheated plasma; still, the further goal for the scientist is to maintain the high-temperature plasma for an extended period.

More Current Affairs Topics
Bhashan Char IslandBeiDou Navigation Satellite System China
World Bee DayWorld Art Day
TheyyamWorld UFO Day
Bank Holidays in KeralaChenab Bridge
Chandrayaan 3Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary

FAQs on Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor

Q.1) Which country has developed the Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor?

China broke a world record after creating the first nuclear fission reactor for more than 17 minutes, known as the Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor.

Q.2) What is Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor?

The Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor can reach temperatures of about 150 million ℃ or more, which is 10 times hotter than the sun's nucleus. It is a crucial stepping stone in the growth of China's nuclear power research potential.

Q.3) What is the process of the Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor?

The Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor runs a process through which the highest level of energy is created with the help of hardly any waste products. In nuclear fusion, immense heat and pressure are put on hydrogen atoms to fuse them together.

Q.4) What is the significance of Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor?

The Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor could be the cleanest energy source because it mimics the sun's physics by combining atomic nuclei to generate vast amounts of energy into electricity.

Q.5) What is so special about the Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor?

The sun produces clean energy through nuclear fusion. However, this Artificial Sun Nuclear Reactor has a temperature five times hotter than the sun.