List of Districts in Kerala 2023

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jan 21, 2023, 9:11

There are 14 Kerala districts in total, which together spread around an area of 38,863 square kilometres. Kerala has a long coastline which borders the Arabian Sea. The state also borders Karnataka on the north and northeast, and Tamil Nadu on the east and south. Initially, there were only 5 districts in Kerala when it was formed in 1956.

There have been no recent additions to the number of districts in the state. The 14th district of Kasaragod was formed in 1984 in Kerala. Find out the names of all the Kerala districts, their date of establishment, and the area that they cover here.

Districts in Kerala

The districts of Kerala are divided into many subdivisions for better control over the day-to-day administration. There are 77 Taluks, 87 Municipalities, 6 Municipal Corporations, and 941 Gram Panchayats in Kerala. The districts of the state are governed by an officer from the Indian Administrative Service.

Based on cultural, historical, and geographical similarities, the 14 Kerala districts are divided broadly into the 3 parts

  • Central Kerala - Palakkad, Mallapuram, Ernakulam, and Thrissur.
  • North Kerala - Kannur, Kozhikode, Kasaragod and Wayanad.
  • South Kerala districts - Kottayam, Idukki, Alappuzha, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram and Pathanamthitta.

How Many Districts in Kerala

The state of Kerala was established with only 5 districts. But today, there are 14 districts in Kerala. The following table shows the names of all the Kerala districts -

Districts of Kerala

Ernakulam

Kannur

Kollam

Kozhikode

Palakkad

Thiruvananthapuram

Wayanad

Alappuzha

Idukki

Kasaragod

Kottayam

Malappuram

Pathanamthitta

Thrissur

Kerala Districts List

Here, we have shared further information about the districts of Kerala. You can find details about the date of establishment of the districts, the total area that they cover, and the total population living there. Check out the details about the districts in Kerala from the table given below -

#

Kerala Districts

Area (sq. km.)

Population (2018)

Established

1

Alappuzha

1,415 km2

2,146,033

17 Aug 1957

2

Ernakulam

3,063 km2

3,427,659

1 Apr 1958

3

Idukki

4,356 km2

1,093,156

26 Jan 1972

4

Kannur

2,961 km2

2,615,266

1 Jan 1957

5

Kasaragod

1,989 km2

1,390,894

24 May 1984

6

Kollam

2,483 km2

2,659,431

1 Nov 1956

( 1 July 1949)

7

Kottayam

2,206 km2

1,983,573

1 Nov 1956

(1 July 1949)

8

Kozhikode

2,345 km2

3,249,761

1 Jan 1957

9

Malappuram

3,554 km2

4,494,998

16 Jun 1969

10

Palakkad

4,482 km2

2,952,254

1 Jan 1957

11

Pathanamthitta

2,652 km2

1,172,212

1 Nov 1982

12

Thiruvananthapuram

2,189 km2

3,355,148

1 Nov 1956

(1 July 1949)

13

Thrissur

3,027 km2

3,243,170

1 Nov 1956

(1 Jul 1949)

14

Wayanad

2,130 km2

846,637

1 Nov 1980

History of Districts of Kerala

The history of the districts in Kerala can be traced back to 1 November 1956 when the state was officially established. The state came into existence when the Malabar Coast, along with the Kasaragod taluka from South Kannara were added to the Travancore-Cochin region.

Originally, there were only 5 districts in Kerala, which were: Thrissur, Malabar, Kollam, Kottayam, and Thiruvananthapuram. Here is information about the other districts that were later added to the state of Kerala -

  • On 17 August 1957, Alappuzha district was carved out of Kollam and Kottayam districts.
  • On 1 April 1958, Ernakulam was established after carving parts of Kottayam and Thrissur.
  • On 16 June 1969, the Malappuram district of Kerala was formed.
  • On 26 January 1972, the Idukki district was formed.
  • On 1 November 1980, the Wayanad district was carved out of Kannur, and Kozhikode.
  • On 1 November 1982, the Pathanamthitta district was established.
  • On 24 May 1984, Kasaragod was established as the 14th district in Kerala after carving the Kannur district.

Largest District in Kerala

Based on the area, the largest district in Kerala is Palakkad, which covers 4,482 square kilometres of area in total. Palakkad is located in Central Kerala and the headquarters of the district is the city of Palakkad.

However, if we compare the population of the Kerala districts, the most populous district is Malappuram. Based on the 2018 population census, the number of people living in the Malappuram district is 4,494,998.

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FAQs on Kerala Districts

Q1. How many districts are there in Kerala?

There are 14 districts in Kerala, which are divided into 77 Taluks, 87 Municipalities, 6 Municipal Corporations, and 941 Gram Panchayats. The Kerala districts are governed by a Deputy Commissioner or a District Magistrate, who is assisted by the state police force for administrative concerns.

Q2. What are the names of the 14 districts in Kerala?

The names of the 14 Kerala districts are Alappuzha, Ernakulam, Kozhikode, Palakkad, Kollam, Kannur, Kasaragod, Idukki, Kottayam, Thrissur, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Wayanad and Thiruvananthapuram.

Q3. What are the 5 biggest districts in Kerala?

The 5 biggest districts in Kerala based on their area are listed here. Check out the names of the biggest Kerala districts and the area that they cover below -

  • Palakkad - 4,482 sq km
  • Malappuram - 3,554 sq km
  • Ernakulam - 3,063 sq km
  • Thrissur - 3,027 sq km
  • Kannur - 2,961 sq km

Q4. Which is the richest district in Kerala?

The richest district in Kerala is Ernakulam. Ernakulam was established on 1 April 1958 after carving parts of Kottayam and Thrissur. This Kerala district has the highest GDP per capita income among all other districts of the state. The GDP per capita income of Ernakulam is ₹ 2,51,104.

Q5. What are the names of districts in Kerala without a coastline?

In Kerala, 9 out of the 14 total districts have a coastline which borders the Arabian sea. The 5 Kerala districts that have no coastline are as follows -

  • Palakkad
  • Wayanad
  • Kottayam
  • Pathanamthitta
  • Idukki