Kargil Vijay Diwas: Know All About Kargil Victory Day
By : Neha Dhyani
Updated : Feb 22, 2022, 11:11
The Kargil War derives its name from the war fought between India and Pakistan in the Northern Kargil District of Ladakh in 1999. Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 26th July every year to commemorate India's victory over Pakistan in the Kargil War. Pakistani Forces had occupied a part of the mountain peaks of Northern Kargil District and the Indian Army successfully removed them from this position.
Pakistani troops triggered the war by infiltrating Indian territory and occupying key locations in the Kargil District of Jammu & Kashmir. This gave them a strategic advantage during the conflict. All the Indian posts were captured by the Indian Army and this victory is celebrated as Kargil Vijay Diwas. The Indian Army termed its offensive as 'Operation Vijay.'
Kargil Vijay Diwas - Important Milestones
The Kargil War took place between May and July 1999. Here is the sequence of events that took place during this period:
- May 3: Local shepherds report intrusion by Pakistani troops in the Kargil District
- May 5: The Indian army sends its troops. Five soldiers are captured and killed
- May 9: Infiltrations across multiple areas across the LOC. These include Kaksar, Dras, and Mushkoh
- May 26: Airstrikes against infiltrators are started by the Indian Airforce
- May 27-28: Indian Airforce loses 3 aircraft and four crew members. One pilot is taken as a POW (Prisoner of War) and later released
- June 1: National Highway 1 is shelled by the Pakistani Army
- June 9: Two key positions are re-captured by the Indian troops in the Batalik Sector
- June 15: Intervention by US President, Bill Clinton. He asks Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister of Pakistan to withdraw Pakistani troops from Kargil
- June 29: Pakistan withdraws troops on account of Federal Government pressure. Indian Army proceeds to Tiger Hill
- July 4: The Indian regiments recapture Tiger Hills after a 12-hour battle with the Northern Light Infantry Regiment of the Pakistani Army
- July 7: Jubar Heights in the Batalik Region is recaptured by Indian Troops
- July 11: Complete withdrawal of Pakistani forces from the region
- July 14: Operation Vijay is declared a success by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Talks with Pakistan are initiated by the Indian Government
- July 26: Kargil War is over.
The removal of Pakistani troops was given the term Operation Safed Nagar.
Celebrating Kargil Vijay Diwas
The Kargil War was triggered due to the infiltration of the LOC by Pakistani troops in the guise of Kashmiri militants. Pakistan was in denial initially, but evidence from the casualties and statements made by the Prime Minister of Pakistan and Chief of Army Staff proved their involvement.
The Kargil War Heroes are honoured every year on the 26th of July. This day is celebrated all over India through functions to acknowledge the contribution of the armed forces. Homage is paid to the war heroes at Amar Jawan Jyoti at India gate by the Honorable Prime Minister of our country.
FAQs about Kargil Vijay Diwas
- When is Kargil Vijay Diwas celebrated every year?
Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated on the 26th of July every year.
- Why is Kargil Vijay Diwas celebrated?
Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated to commemorate the victory of the Indian troops over Pakistani troops who had infiltrated the LOC at Kaksar, Dras, and Mushkoh. They had occupied the Northern Kargil District in Jammu and Kashmir.
- How is Kargil Vijay Diwas celebrated?
There are functions all over India on the 26th of July to remember the Indian soldiers who lost their lives in the Kargil War. The Prime Minister visits the memorial at Amar Jawan Jyoti to pay homage to the soldiers.