Hurricane Ida

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 12, 2022, 6:28

Hurricanes are huge, violent storms with a wind speed of up to 74 mph spinning around them. They are also known as tropical cyclones and use moist, warm air to form Equatorial water. They typically occur near the eastern Pacific Ocean or the Atlantic Ocean.

Hurricane Ida – Key Facts

Hurricane Ida is a tropical depression that became the second most intense hurricane striking the state of Louisiana in the United States. This hurricane made landfall in the state in August 2021. It is known to be a highly dangerous storm falling into category 4 and one of the most powerful storms ever to hit the country.

Hurricane Ida is the second major storm of the 2021 season and the second most intense hurricane hitting the state of Louisiana. The only hurricane exceeding its intensity was Katrina which made landfall in 2005.

Hurricane Ida Course

The National Hurricane Center (NHC) had noted the potential for tropical cyclone development in the Caribbean Sea on August 23rd due to a tropical wave entering the region. In two days, the NHC assessed an increased chance of a tropical storm as the wave moved westward. It was confirmed on the 26th that the depression had intensified into a hurricane and was named 'Ida'.

On August 27th, the NHC gave Ida a Category 1 hurricane status, and it made landfall in Cuba on the same day. Then, the hurricane intensified rapidly to transform into a category 2 by August 28th and into category 3 the next day.

As it reached the Louisiana coast, it sustained wind speeds as high as 240km/h and made landfall near Port Fourchon. Upon making landfall, the hurricane initially weakened but sustained its hazard. Finally, on August 30th, Hurricane Ida weakened and moved further inland.

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Hurricane Ida's Impact on Loss of Life and Property

Hurricane Ida resulted in great devastation in the areas where it made landfall. Many regions of Cuba saw the destruction of trees and houses. Hospitals were overwhelmed during the weeks that followed, treating and dealing with the heavy flow of casualties.

The areas of Gallino, Golden Meadow, New Orleans, and Houma reported intense damage to houses and infrastructure. Flood warnings were also given in many areas. The impact of the hurricane also resulted in blackouts in the states of Louisiana and Mississippi.

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They have a methodical naming convention whereby the first storm every year is named after the letter A, then the letter B, and so on. They are termed cyclones or typhoons based on where they occur. Hurricane Ida is a tropical depression that became the second most intense hurricane striking the state of Louisiana in the United States.

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FAQs on Hurricane Ida

Q1) What category was Hurricane Ida?

Hurricane Ida was a category 4 storm and the second-most intense hurricane after Katrina.

Q2) Was Hurricane Ida the most dangerous hurricane to hit the United States?

The Great Galveston was the biggest and the deadliest hurricane ever. Hurricane Ida doesn't quite measure up to the Great Galveston but is considered to be the most deadly since Sandy.

Q3) Was Hurricane Ida the most dangerous hurricane of 2020?

Hurricane Laura was the strongest hurricane of the 2020 season, a category 4 storm that hit Louisiana in August. Hurricane Ida, on the other hand, occurred in 2021, resulting in 107 total fatalities.

Q4) What was the point of origin for Hurricane Ida?

Hurricane Ida had originated in the southwestern Caribbean Sea due to a tropical wave entering the region.

Q5) What was the total damage caused to property by Hurricane Ida?

Estimates peg the total loss to property by Hurricane Ida at $75 billion, making it the 5th costliest tropical cyclone on record.