In this article, you will learn about the "Golden Revolution" or "Golden Uprising," and the importance of the Golden Revolution in India. Moreover, you will learn about the Golden Revolution's definition and why it should be implemented in India.
What is the Golden Revolution?
The Golden Revolution is one of the essential topics from an exam point of view. The primary purpose of the National Horticulture Mission is to help farmers protect themselves against natural hazards, such as variations in climate and weather patterns, decreasing rains, and soil degradation. It will do so by building action-oriented horticulture development projects under the "Golden Revolution Action Plan" model for addressing these problems.
The Golden Revolution is all about improving the alternative methods of cultivation in rural parts of India by setting up greenhouses, through which farmers can protect themselves from natural calamities.
Objectives of the Golden Revolution
- To achieve self-sufficiency in horticulture products.
- To improve farmers' income and generate new employment opportunities for women, SC/ST, and youth in rural areas.
- To spread awareness about the benefits of organic farming, emphasizing the need for safe food with less or no chemical residue and creating a market for organic produce.
- To develop cold chains along the value chain and facilitate value addition in horticulture products as per international standards.
- To make India a global leader in exporting horticulture products with high health standards.
- To ensure access to markets within India and abroad for small farmers and all the associated value chain participants when there is an increasing demand for healthy foods, especially in the wake of population explosion and rapid urbanization.
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Components of the Golden Revolution
The Golden Revolution is divided into two components:
- Alternative crops & methods of farming(Organic Agriculture, Bio-fertilizers, Organic manures, Biopesticides), etc.,
- Horticultural infrastructure like modern packing houses & cold storage units facilitates the export of organic produce (The biggest challenge is to create an organic market within India itself).
Why is there a need to promote Organic and low-cost farming in India?
Farmers must adopt new methods of farming, which are environmentally friendly. Greenhouses are the best way to protect crops from natural calamities. Today, it has become difficult for farmers to grow crops due to the following reasons:
- Poor supply of water, fertilizers, and quality seeds.
- Decreasing Rainfall.
- The increasing number of droughts & famines. (It has been estimated that by 2020, more than 900 million people will be living in areas with chronic water stress.)
- The increasing number of floods & wildlife attacks on crops.
- Shifting lands from agriculture to non-governed areas (saw the most significant increase in deforestation for 18 years in India during the last decade).
The aim of the Golden Revolution is to develop an autonomous system of horticulture in the country. This movement will bring about a qualitative and quantitive change in the lives of farmers by creating new opportunities for them, helping them improve their incomes, providing them with employment, enhancing their health, and reducing their dependence on external inputs. In conclusion, we can say that the Golden Revolution will make India self-sufficient in horticulture products and strengthen India's position in the global market.
FAQs on Golden Revolution
Q1: What is the importance of the Golden Revolution?
Its importance is immense. These methods will change the farming sector of our country in such a way that there will be reduced dependence on funds from developed countries, which the people need to pay for the agricultural produce.
Q2: What are the components of the Golden Revolution?
The components are Alternative crops & farming methods (Organic Agriculture, Bio-fertilizers, Organic manure, Biopesticides), cold chain & packaging facilities to facilitate the export of organic produce, and horticultural infrastructure like modern packing houses & cold storage units to enable the export of organic produce.
Q3: What are the objectives of the Golden Revolution?
The main objective is to achieve an autonomous horticulture system in the country. This movement will bring about a qualitative and quantitive change in the lives of farmers by creating new opportunities for them, helping them improve their income, providing them employment & enhancing their health. Moreover, it will reduce dependence on external inputs.
Q4: What is the Golden Revolution?
The Golden Revolution is one of the essential topics from an exam point of view. The primary purpose of the National Horticulture Mission is to help farmers protect themselves against natural hazards, such as variations in climate and weather patterns, decreasing rains, and soil degradation.