List of India’s Global Food Security Index from 2012 to 2021
By : Neha Dhyani
Updated : Feb 24, 2022, 9:57
Food is one of the essential needs of living things. It provides nutrients that help us get energy, grow, repair, and survive. Every country ensures that its citizens get nutritious and healthy food under its food security policies.
The Global Food Security Index (GFSI) is a unique quantitative and qualitative score that uses 58 indicators for measuring food security in 113 countries. The report is published annually by the Economist Intelligence Unit and supported by Corteva agribusiness. The index considers several issues like availability, affordability, safety and quality of food, and natural resources present in the countries. Governments can use this index to analyze food security in their countries and improve it by working on its several categories.
The Category and Indicator Selection for the Global Food Security Index
Consumption of food in a household
The import tariff on agricultural goods
Farmer's access to financing programs
Population under the global poverty line
Presence of food safety programs
Amount of supply
Average food supply
Agricultural, port, and road infrastructure
Proper and enough crop storage facilities
Expenditure on agricultural research and development
Safety and Quality
National dietary guidelines in place
Dietary availability of micronutrients, vitamin A, vegetal iron, and animal iron
Presence of a grocery store
Access to drinking water
Agency in place that ensures safety and health of people
The above categories are scored and scaled from 0 to 100, where 100 is the most favourable.
India’s Global Food Security Index from 2012 to 2021
Global Food Security Index (Score /100)
Essential Takeaways from the Global Food Security Index 2021
- India has seen a steady improvement in the Global Food Security Index since 2012. In 2021, India had the Global Food Security Index of 57.2 and was placed at the 71st position. However, it still stays behind the neighbouring country, China.
- The countries that have stayed at the top include Austria, Switzerland, Ireland, the Netherlands, the United States, Canada, Japan, and France, with scores between 77.8 to 80.0.
- Countries with the lowest global food security index include Malawi, Sudan, Mozambique, Yemen, and Burundi.
Covid-19 and Food Security
Several issues like climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic have been common reasons for countries' worsening food security. The lockdowns imposed in several countries due to the pandemic resulted in market closures, restrictions in the movement of goods, and shortages in working staff. This resulted in immense pressure on the most vulnerable sections like migrants and informal workers. Despite the tremendous pressure posed by the pandemic, many policymakers of different countries created new methods for reducing events of food shortage and resumed food supply.
The Global Food Security Index continues to provide its report and helps countries mitigate hurdles related to food security in terms of availability, accessibility, quality, and safety.
FAQs About Global Food Security Index
- What is the Global Food Security Index?
Global Food Security Index is a unique quantitative and qualitative score that uses 58 indicators for measuring food security in 113 countries.
- What was India's Global Food Security Index 2021 score?
India's Global Food Security Index 2021 score was 57.2, and it was ranked in the 71st position.
- Which organization releases the Global Food Security Index report?
The Economist Intelligence Unit releases the Global Food Security Index report annually and is supported by Corteva agribusiness.