Blue Revolution

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 29, 2022, 5:55

In the years between 1985 to 1990, the Government of India took an initiative to improve the development of the marine and aquaculture industry, named Blue Revolution or Neel Kranti. Before this Blue Revolution initiative, China owned more than 2/3rd of the marine production worldwide.

However, after the launch of this scheme by the Indian Government, our country witnessed fast-paced growth in the marine and aquaculture sectors. Also, the key vision behind launching this Blue Revolution was to build a more self-sufficient economy and aim for prosperity in sustainability and biosecurity. Keep reading the article below to understand the core concepts of the Blue Revolution and the reason behind its massive success.

Blue Revolution in India

Blue Revolution, popularly known as Neel Kranti Mission, was a famous initiative launched by Dr Hiralal Chaudhari and Dr Arun Krishnsan in 1985. They are known to be the father of the Blue Revolution. This scheme was adopted by the Indian Government during the introduction of the seventh five-year plan in 1985 1990, under the Fish Farmers Development Agency (FFDA).

Also, during this time, many schemes related to the aquaculture industry were already going on in the country. Therefore, the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and the department of animal husbandry dairying and fisheries chose to revamp the scheme and merged all the ongoing initiatives under the Blue Revolution scheme.

Regulated by the NFDB (National Fisheries Development Board), the new project remains involved in the overall management and fisheries development. Following are some of the key factors of the Blue Revolution scheme.

  • Authorizing the database and geographical data system of the fisheries industry
  • National fisheries expansion committee and its activities
  • The national undertaking of the fishermen's welfare
  • Evolution of marine fisheries, infrastructure, and post-harvest procedures
  • Institutional structures for the fisheries sector
  • Expansion of inland fisheries and aquaculture
  • Managing, evaluating, and administration along with other need-based help
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Challenges Faced by Fishing Industry before Blue Revolution

A few of the challenges faced by the fishing sector before the launch of the Blue Revolution are as follows:

  • Excessive input cost: The input cost per unit of fish weight was excessively high than in extensive farming, especially due to the high expense of fish feed. In addition, fish netting required frequent and labour-intensive cleaning.
  • Social issues: Standards and ethical values forbid women or other groups from indulging in fishing-related activities due to a lack of family encouragement regarding fishing as a lower prestigious work.
  • Lack of data: There was a shortage of dependable databases relating to marine and fisheries resources in the country, a lack of suitable government policies, and an inefficiently working enforcement agency.

Apart from this, some other challenges faced by the fishing and aquamarine industry are mentioned below:

  • Lowered quality of resources utilized
  • Stagnation in the development of marine fisheries
  • Restricted ownership over the water bodies
  • Outlawed poaching of fish
  • Seeds and medications were available in fixed stocks

Salient Features of Blue Revolution in India

Some of the salient features of the Blue Revolution in India are mentioned below:

  • The scheme avails different tasks in fishing and thus attempts to facilitate the involvement of women in the fishing industry.
  • Primarily, improving the productivity of fisheries and aquaculture concerning inland and marine sources was one of the primary aims of the Blue Revolution.
  • Different entrepreneurship expansions were also encouraged by the Blue Revolution project in public-private partnerships and private investments along with banks or financial institutions.

In a nutshell, the Blue Revolution came in as a boon for the Indian economy that helped the fishing and aquamarine industry overcome the challenges faced to become more self-sustainable.

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FAQs on Blue Revolution

Q.1. Who launched the Blue Revolution in India?

Dr Hiralal Chaudhari and Dr Arun Krishnsan launched the Blue Revolution in India, and they were also known as the Fathers of the Blue Revolution.

Q.2. What are some primary objectives of the Blue Revolution in India?

Some primary Blue Revolution objectives are as follows:

  • Expanding the production of fisheries and aquaculture in India
  • Improvement of the fisheries by integrating the use of modern technologies and tools
  • Guaranteeing food and nutritious security in India

Q.3. What is the Blue Revolution popularly known in India?

The Blue Revolution is also known as Neel Kranti in our country.

Q.4. When did the Blue Revolution start?

The Blue Revolution started between 1985 to 1990.