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Arguments Quiz

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Question 1

Go through the caselets given below and answer the questions that follow:
Burdon's Syndrome is a debilitating disease that affects one in every two thousand people in the United States and has an almost 100% rate of fatality. However, there might be hope. A certain new medical doping method has been established which can help detect this disease up to seven months earlier than what is now the norm. This needs to be widely publicised as this test will surely help save several lives in the future.
Which of the following may strengthen the argument made by the author?

Question 2

Direction: Each passage is followed by a set of five statements. Answer according to the directions given for each question.
All decent people feel sorrow and righteous fury about the latest slaughter of innocents, in California. Law enforcement and intelligence agencies are searching for motivations, including the vital question of how the murderers might have been connected to international terrorism. That is right and proper.
But motives do not matter to the dead in California, nor did they in Colorado, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia, Connecticut and far too many other places. The attention and anger of Americans should also be directed at the elected leaders whose job is to keep us safe but who place a higher premium on the money and political power of an industry dedicated to profiting from the unfettered spread of ever more powerful firearms.
Which of the above statements can strengthen the argument presented by the author towards the end of the passage?

Question 3

Direction: In the questions below, a statement is given followed by two arguments. Choose the most appropriate option depending on which argument strengthens the given statement.
Should telecasting cricket matches live on television be banned?
I. No, cricket is an entertaining sport and the basic purpose of television is to provide entertainment.
II. No, live telecast of cricket matches on television generates huge income which adds to the National GDP

Question 4

Media are not just passive channels of information. Not only do they supply the stuff of thought, but they also shape the process of thought. And what the internet seems to be doing is chipping away our capacity for concentration.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument presented above?

Question 5

Direction: A passage is given followed by question/questions. Select the best answer of the choices given.

Breathing is much more than an ordinary corporal action. Each breath has latent importance and a specific ‘coded message.' For the spiritual novice, the breath furnishes a means or a channel by which he can attain the supreme goal. Ordinary breathing is an automatic action performed by the physical body, but in Swara yoga, breath is an exercise which can be altered and controlled.
Which of the following would strengthen the idea/s presented in the passage?

Question 6

Direction: Answer the question that follows based on the given information:

Viruses are tiny biological entities, much smaller than bacteria. Viruses unlike bacteria hijack the host 's protein to replicate their own genome( the sum total of an organism's DNA). Thus, it is difficult to develop antivirals.

Which of the following strengthens the argument?

Question 7

Direction: Read the following paragraph and answer the question that follows:

The researchers found evidence that maternal stress adversely affects the length of a baby's telomeres -- the small pieces of DNA at the ends of chromosomes that act as protective caps, like the plastic tips on shoelaces. Stress can activate inflammation and metabolic activity, both of which, in high amounts, can contribute to damage to DNA . Shortened telomeres have been linked to a higher risk of cancers, cardiovascular and other diseases, and earlier death.

Which of the following strengthens the argument above?

Question 8

Direction: Study the following information and answer the question given.
School X had been allowing local people to use their basketball court and cricket ground after school hours by charging a fees for the same. This had helped the school generate a significant amount of additional income in the past few years. However, this year the school decided to discontinue the practice.
Which of the following statements does not strengthen the decision of School X of discontinuing the practice?

Question 9

Direction: A passage is given followed by question/questions. Select the best answer of the choices given.
The high quantum leap in your life comes when you understand fully well, without any doubt, that you can learn anything you have to learn to reach any goal that you have marked for yourself. This implies there are no stops or blocks or hindrances on what you can be, have or do. But you have to strive hard.
Which of the following, in the event of its happening, would strengthen the basic premise of the passage?

Question 10

Direction: In the question below, a statement is given followed by three arguments. Choose the most appropriate option depending on which argument strengthens the given statement.
Statement: Should there be a common syllabus for all subjects in graduate courses in all the universities across the country?
I. Yes, this is the only way to spring in uniformity in the education system in the country.
II. Yes, it will help standardize the quality of graduation certificates being given by different universities in the country.
III. No, each university should have the autonomy to decide its syllabus based on the specific requirement of the university.
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