River System and Lakes of Rajasthan
River System of Rajasthan
- Chambal and Mahi are the perennial rivers of Rajasthan.
- The river drainage system of Rajasthan is decided by the Aravalli Range which works as divides the rivers of Rajasthan into two parts.
- On the basis of this Rivers are divided into 3 groups.
1. Rivers that drain in the Bay of Bengal
- In ancient times, it was called “Charmanyavati”.
- It originates from Janapao Hills near Maanpur in Mahu, Madhya Pradesh.
- It enters Rajasthan near Chaurasigarh and makes the border of Kota and Bundi.
- It passes through Sawai Madhopur, Karauli, and Dhaulpur and finally meets in Yamuna River.
- Gandhisagar, Jawaharsagar, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam, and Kota Barrage Dam are built on this river.
- Banas, Kalisindh, and Parvati are its tributaries.
- It originates from Khamnore Hill near Kumbhalgarh.
- It travels through Gogunda Plateau, Nathdwara, Rajsamand, Rel Magara, Chittorgarh, Bhilwara, Tonk, and in Sawai Madhopur, it joins the stream of Chambal River.
- It is also called ‘Hope of Forest (Van Ki Asha)’.
- Bedach, Kothari, Khari, Mainal, Bandi, Dhundh and Morel are the tributaries of Banas River.
Kali Sindh River
- It originates in Dewas in Madhya Pradesh.
- It passes through Jhalawar and Baran districts and meets the Chambal River in Nanera.
- Paravan, Ujaad, Niwaj, and Aahu are its tributary rivers.
- It originates in the Sihor region of Madhya Pradesh and flows in Baran and meets the Chambal River near Paliya, Sawai Madhopur.
Vapani (Bahyani) River
- Originates near Haripura village of Chittorgarh district and meets Chambal near Bhaisroadgarh.
- Originates from Bhilwara and meets Chambal near Lakheri in Bundi.
- It originates from Bairath Hills of Jaipur district.
- Then it moves towards the east in Sawai Madhopur and then in Bharatpur meets in the Yamuna.
2. Rivers that drain into the Arabian Sea
- It originates from Naag Hills of Ajmer, after that it moves towards Jodhpur, Pali, Barmer, Jalore and enters in Gujarat in Kutchh.
- It travels almost 320 km.
- Its water is sweet up to Balotara and then it becomes salty.
- Jawai, Liladi, Mithadi, Sukhadi,Badi and Saagi are its tributaries.
- It began its journey from Mahu Hills of Madhya Pradesh and enters Rajasthan in Banswara district.
- It forms the border between Banswara and Dungarpur and enters Gujarat and ends its journey in the Gulf of Khambhat (Cambay).
- Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam is constructed on this river near Banswara.
- Its main tributaries are Soma, Jakham, Anas, Chap, and Moren.
- It originates near Udaipur and flows in Sirohi and then enters in Gujarat and ends its journey in the Gulf of Cambay.
- At the initial stage, it is called the Vakal River.
3. Inland Rivers
- It originates from the Khandela Hills of Sikar district.
- It travels 100 km and flowing from Sikar and Jhunjhunu, disappeared in the desert land.
- It originates from Sevar Hills and flows in Banasura, Bahrod, Kishangarh, Mandavar and Tijara, and disappeared in Harayana.
Kakani or Kakneya River
- Originates from Kotari village and disappear after traveling some distance.
- It is considered the oldest river of India, i. e. Saraswati.
- It flows from Harayana to Hanumangarh, Ganganagar Suratgarh, Anupgarh and enters in Pakistan.
- It is also called Dead River.
Lakes of Rajasthan
- In Rajasthan, Lakes are divided into two categories
- Saltwater Lake and
- Fresh (Sweet) Water Lake
1. Salt Water Lakes
- It is India’s largest inland Salt Water Lake.
- It has been designated as a Ramsar site because this wetland is a favorite spot for migratory birds like Pink Flamingo.
- The total area of the lake is 150 km2.
- The lake receives water from five rivers Medtha, Samaod, Mantha, Rupangarh, and khandel.
- It is located in Nagaur district.
- It is located in the Barmer district.
- It is located in Lunakarnasar, 80 km away from Bikaner.
Some other famous Salt Water Lakes are Faloda, Kuchaman, Kovaad, Kachhor, Rewasa, etc.
2. Fresh (Sweet) Water Lake
- Due to the scarcity of water in Rajasthan, these freshwater lakes act as boons for the people of Rajasthan.
- Following are some important Fresh Water Lakes of Rajasthan
- It was constructed by MaharanaJaising by building the dam on the Gomati River from 1685 to 1691.
- It is located 51 km southeast of Udaipur.
- It is also called Dhebar Lake.
- It is the biggest natural lake in Rajasthan.
- It was constructed by Maharana Raj Singh in 1662.
- On the bank of this, lakes many inscriptions are there which tell about the history of Mewar.
- It has two islands.
- One has Jag Mandir (Temple) and the second has Jag Nivas named palaces.
Fateh Sagar Lake
- It was constructed by Maharana Fateh Singh near Udaipur city.
- It was constructed by Anaji in Ajmer.
- On its bank, there’s a garden called “Daulat Baug”.
- It is located in the Ajmer district surrounded by mountains.
- It’s a religious spot.
- It is located in the Alwar district in between Aravalli Range.
Some other famous lakes are Navlakkha Lake (Bundi), Kolayat Lake (Bikaner), Shaiv Sagar (Dungarpur), Galata and Ramgarh (Jaipur), Balsamand Lake (Jodhpur), Kailana Lake (Jodhpur), etc.