Rajasthan Exam Study Notes: Rajasthan Census 2011

By Shubham Verma|Updated : December 7th, 2021

The history is not a chronological arrangement of events & incidents only, it is an overall development in the society, its culture and changing socio-economic conditions. The history of human settlement in Rajasthan is almost as old as any other part of India starting from Paleolithic period. A survey of the Banas and its tributaries the Gambhiri, the Viraj, and Wagan has provided evidences that man lived along the banks of these rivers at least 100,000 years ago. In Rajasthan places like Didwana, are among the major centres of Paleolithic period. Excavations at Kalibanga in northern Rajasthan revealed the zenith of Harappan times on the banks of a river, Saraswati. The present day districts of Jhunjhunu and Sikar, along with other areas of Jaipur district bordering south Haryana, formed the part of Vedic state of Brahmavarta. After that contribution in Medieval period was more than any other part of India. The land of heroes and fighters showed its power in medieval period. Rajputana, Pratiharas were main rulers here. In Modern History, Rajasthan was one of the major battle ground against British Regime. Rajasthan was mainly divided in many princely states, though their rulers didn't join forces with freedom fighters but all subjects of these princely states were major contributors in struggle.

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Rajasthan Census 2011

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  • The Census done in 1872 at the time of Lord Mayo is considered as the first Population Census of India. While at the time of Lord Rippon, the first Population Census of India was done in 1881 with the managed standard. The first Population Census of Independent India done in 1951. Census 2011 was 15th from 1872 and 7th since after the independence. The Census is described in the 7th
  • The Population of India is 1,210,193,422 on reference date 01 March 2011 of the Census 2011. The population of Rajasthan has become 6,85,48,437 on the same date. The percentage of the total population of the country is 5.67%. According to Census 2011, from the total population of Rajasthan, 75.11% population live in a rural area and 24.89% population lives in an urban area. The Percentage of the female population in the State is 48.10%.
  • The Administrative Setup of Rajasthan as per Census 2011:
  • Number of Districts-33
  • Number of Sub-divisions in the State-192
  • Panchayat Committees-248
  • Tahsils-244
  • Nagar Palika-185
  • Gram Panchayat-9177
  • Total Villages-44,672
  • Towns and Cities-297
  • Number of Divisions-7







6.85 crore

1. Jaipur

2. Jodhpur

3. Alwar

1. Jaisalmer

2. Pratapgarh

3. Sirohi

An increase from figure of 5.65 crores in 2001. The rank of the state in the country is at 8th position.

Decadal Growth Rate


1. Barmer (32.55%)

2. Jaisalmer

3. Jodhpur


1. Ganga Nagar

2. Jhunjhunu

3. Pali

Rajasthan is at 11th position in the country from point of Decade growth rate

Population Density/km2


1. Jaipur (595)

2. Bharatpur

3. Dausa

1. Jaisalmer (17)

2. Bikaner

3. Barmer

The density of population is more in the Eastern and Southern part of the state and comparatively less in Western and Northern part.

Sex Ratio


1. Dungarpur (994)

2. Rajsamand

3. Pali


1. Dholpur (846)

2. Jaisalmer

3. Karauli


The sex ratio has increased by 7 numbers in the Census 2011 in comparison to 921 of 2001. The sex ratio of the state has been increasing regularly since 1991.





1. Kota (73.5%)

1. Jhunjhunu (86.9%)

1. Kota (65.9%)

1. Jalore (54.9%)

1. Pratapgarh, Banswara (69.5%)

1. Jalore(38.5%)

Since 2001, there is an increase in overall Literacy Rate as well as Female Literacy level.


3,42,239 km2(10.40% of the country)

1st Rank in the country as per the area

Jaisalmer (38401 km2)


Dholpur(3033 km2)

The Length from East to West is 869 km. The Length from North to South is 826 km. The Land boundary of the state or entire circumference.

Child Sex Ratio (0-6-year age)

888 (15.54%)

Banswara (934)

Jhunjhunu (837)

More downfall has occurred in female population comparatively to male population 0-6 age class in all the districts of the state except Churu and Dungarpur

Scheduled Caste Population



1. Jaipur

2. Ganganagar

3. Nagaur



3. Jaisalmer

A slight increase in SC population of 0.6% compared to Census 2001 (17.2%)

Scheduled Tribes Population



1. Udaipur

2. Banswara

3. Dungarpur

1. Bikaner

2. Nagaur

3. Churu

An increase in ST population of 0.9% compared to Census 2001 (13.5%)


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