Important facts about India Part-2

By Shubham Verma|Updated : December 31st, 2020

Hello Students,

Static General knowledge forms a chunk of the syllabus in government services' exams and it is often difficult to find a reliable source for the same. Hence, to ease your preparation, in this post we are providing you with the facts about India which are relevant for your exam preparation.

All the best!!

Important facts about India Part-2

Firsts In India


First Person



First President of Indian Republic

Dr. Rajendra Prasad, 1950 to 1962

  • President of the Constituent Assembly (1948-1950)

First Prime Minister of free India

Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru

  • He is also called as the architect of modern India.
  • Chairman of Union Constitution Committee, Union Powers Committee and States Committee

First Indian to win Nobel Prize

Rabindranath Tagore

  • Also Known as Gurudev.
  • Wrote National Anthem of India.

First President of Indian National Congress

W.C. Banerjee


First Muslim President of Indian National Congress

Badruddin Tayyabji


First Muslim President of India

Dr. Zakir Hussain


First British Governor General of India

Lord William Bentinck (1833-1835)

  • Sati system was banned during his regime.

First British Governor General of Bengal

Lord Warren Hasting (1774-1885)

  • First Maratha war and second Mysore war occurred during his regime
  • Founded Asiatic Society of Bengal.

First British Viceroy of India

Lord Canning

  • Revolt of 1857 happened during his regime.
  • Established 3 universities at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay.

First Governor General of free India

Lord Mountbatten

  • Indian Independence Bill 1947 was passed during his regime.

First and the last Indian to be Governor General of free India

C. Rajgopalachari

  • Informally called as Rajaji or C.R.

The first man who introduced printing press in India

James Hicky (Bengal Gazette)

  • Bible was the first book printed in India.

The First Indian to join the I.C.S

Satyendra Nath Tagore


First man in Space from India

Rakesh Sharma


First Prime Minister of India who resigned without completing the full term

Morarji Desai


First Indian Commander-in-Chief of India

General Cariappa


First Chief of Army Staff

Gen. Maharaj Rajendra Singhji


First Indian to join Viceroy’s executive council



First President of India who died while in office

Dr. Zakir Hussain

  • He was awarded with Bharat Ratna award.


First Muslim President of Indian Republic

Dr. Zakir Hussain


First Prime Minister of India who did not face the Parliament

Charan Singh

  • Serving from 28 July 1979 until 14 January 1980.

First Field Marshal of India

S.H.F. Manekshaw(1914-2008)


First person to get Nobel Prize in Physics from India


  • For the discovery of Raman Effect or Raman Scattering.

First Indian to receive Bharat Ratna award

Dr. Radhakrishnan

  • First Vice President of India

First Indian to cross English Channel

Mihir Sen


First Person to receive Jnanpith award

Sri Shankar Kurup


The first Speaker of the Lok Sabha

Ganesh Vasudeva Mavalankar

  • Also known as Dadasaheb
  • Speaker of the Constituent Assembly of India

First Vice-President of India

Dr. Radhakrishnan


First Education Minister

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad


First Home Minister of India

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel

  • India's first Deputy Prime Minister.
  • Started Bardoli Satyagarh.
  • Chairman of Provincial Constitution Committee and Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Minorities and Tribal and Excluded Areas.

First Indian Air Marshal

S. Mukherjee


First Indian Naval Chief

Vice Admiral R.D. Katari


First Indian Judge of International Court of Justice

Dr. Nagendra Singh


First person to reach Mt. Everest without oxygen

Sherpa Ang Dorjee


First person to get Param Vir Chakra

Major Somnath Sharma


First Chief Election Commissioner

Sukumar Sen


First person to receive Magsaysay Award

Acharya Vinoba Bhave

  • First person chosen for Individual Satyagraha.

First person of Indian origin to receive Nobel Prize in Medicine

Hargovind Khurana


First Chinese traveller to visit India


  • Visited India during the reign of Gupta emperor Chandragupta II

First person to receive Stalin Prize

Saifuddin Kitchlu

  • Jalliawala Bagh gathering 1919 was held against the arrest of Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlu and Dr. Satyapal.

The first person to resign from the Central Cabinet

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee

  • Served as Minister for Industry and Supply in Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet
  • Founded the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, a predecessor to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), in 1951.

First person to receive Nobel Prize in Economics

Amartya Sen

  • For his contributions to welfare economics

First Chief Justice of Supreme Court

Justice Hirala J. Kania


First Indian Pilot

J.R.D. Tata (1929)



First Indian woman to become Miss World

Rita Faria


First Indian woman judge in Supreme Court

Mrs. Meera Sahib Fatima Bibi


First woman Ambassador fom India

Mrs. C.B. Muthamma


First Indian woman Governor of a state in free India

Mrs Sarojini Naidu

  • She became the first Indian President of Indian National Congress
  • Known as the 'Nightingale of India'

First Indian woman Speaker of a State Assembly

Shanno Devi


First Indian woman Prime Minister

Mrs Indira Gandhi (sworn on January 24, 1966

  • Full name Indira Priyadarshini Nehru.
  • Indo Pakistan war 1971 was fought during his regime.
  • Imposed National Emergency from 25 June 1975 to 21 March 1977.
  • Operation Bluestar Started by her.

First Indian woman Minister in a Government

Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

  • As Health minister.

First Indian woman to climb Mount Everest

Bachhendri Pal


First Indian woman to climb Mount Everest twice

Santosh Yadav


First woman President of Indian National Congress

Mrs Annie Besant

  • Started Home league in India.
  • Theosophical society in Idia.

First Indian woman President of Indian National Congress

Mrs. Sarojini Naidu


First Indian woman President of United Nations General Assembly

Mrs. Vijay  Laxmi Pandit


First Indian woman who got Graduates degree

Kadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu, 1883


First Indian woman Honours Graduate

Kamini Roy, 1886


First Indian woman Olympic medal Winner

Karnam Malleswari, 2000


First Indian woman to win Gold Medal in Asian Games

Kamlijit Sandhu


First Indian woman Lawyer

Cornelia Sorabjee


First woman Chief Minister of an Indian State

Mrs. Sucheta Kripalani

  • Head of the Uttar Pradesh government from 1963 to 1967.
  • Part of the subcommittee that drafted the Indian Constitution.
  • Like her contemporaries Aruna Asaf Ali and Usha Mehta, she came to the forefront during the Quit India Movement.

First Indian woman Chairman of Union Public Service Commission

Roze Millian Bethew


First Indian woman Director General of Police

Kanchan Chaudhary Bhattacharya


First woman Judge of India

Anna Chandy (She became the judge in a district court in 1937)


First Indian woman Chief Justice of High Court

Mrs. Leela Seth (Himachal Pradesh High Court)


First Indian woman Lieutenant General

Puneeta Arora


First Indian woman Air Vice-Marshal

P. Bandopadhyaya


First woman to receive Jnanpith Award from India

Ashapoorna Devi 

  • For her novel ‘Pratham Pratisruti ‘in 1965

First Indian woman IPS officer

Mrs. Kiran Bedi

  • India's First & Highest (Woman) Ranking Officer

First Indian and last Muslim woman ruler of India

Razia Sultan

  • 1236 –1240, Slave Dynasty

First Indian woman to receive Ashoka Chakra

Nirja Bhanot


First woman to cross the English Channel from India

Aarti Saha


First Indian woman to receive Nobel Prize

Mother Teresa

  • Received honours, like Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize 1962 and Nobel Peace Prize 1979.
  • Founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation for the welfare of HIV/AIDS, leprosy, and tuberculosis affected People and Orphanage.
  • Born in Skopje (Macedonia) moved to India in 1930’s.
  • She was canonized (recognized by the church as a saint) on 4 September 2016,

First Indian woman to receive Bharat Ratna

Mrs. Indira Gandhi


First Indian woman pilot in Indian Air Force

Harita Kaur Dayal


First Indian woman appeared on Time Magazine cover.

Parveen Babi


India's first test tube baby

“Durga” (Kanupriya Agarwal)

  • She was brought into life in the year 1978 by the hands of D.r Subhash Mukhopadhyay

Click here to download PDF

To boost the preparation of all our users, we have come up with some free video (Live Class) series.

Here are the links

राजस्थान राज्य परीक्षाओं के लिए करंट अफेयर्स

राजस्थान राज्य परीक्षाओं के लिए 2000 सबसे महत्वपूर्ण प्रश्न

More from us 

Get Unlimited access to 25+ Mock Tests-BYJU'S Exam Prep Test Series

Free Study Notes (Hindi/English)

Monthly Current Affairs Quiz

NCERT Books PDF (Hindi/English)


write a comment

Follow us for latest updates