What is GATE Instrumentation Engineering Syllabus?
The GATE Instrumentation syllabus comprises 3 major branches which are General Aptitude (GA), Engineering Mathematics, and Core Discipline- IN. The syllabus gives candidates the insight to prepare a roadmap of their preparation. We have distributed the syllabus into 10 important sections. Aspirants should check out the detailed GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus 2023 with all the important sections and sub-sections:
- Section 1: General Aptitude (GA)
- Section 2: Engineering Mathematics
- Section 3: Electrical Circuits and Machines
- Section 4: Control Systems
- Section 5: Digital Electronics and Analog Electronics
- Section 6: Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation
- Section 7: Electricity and Magnetism
- Section 8: Signals and Systems
- Section 9: Measurements
- Section 10: Communication and Optical Instrumentation
Let us explore all the sections of the Gate Instrumentation Engineering syllabus in the detail.
GATE Instrumentation Syllabus General Aptitude
The General Aptitude (GA) Paper is a common paper in all the 29 branches of the GATE exam. Aspirants must check out the GA section of the GATE Instrumentation syllabus provided below.
GATE Instrumentation Syllabus Engineering Mathematics
The Engineering Mathematics section is the high-scoring section of the GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus. Check out the topics covered in the Engineering Mathematics section of the GATE Instrumentation syllabus:
- Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, consistency, and rank, Eigenvalues, and Eigenvectors.
- Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series, vector identities, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss, and Green’s theorems.
- Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), second-order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, solution of partial differential equations- variable separable method.
- Analysis of complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series, residue theorem, solution of integrals.
- Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode, standard deviation, and variance; random variables: discrete and continuous distributions: normal, Poisson, and binomial distributions.
- Numerical Methods: Matrix inversion, solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, iterative methods for solving differential equations, numerical integration, regression, and correlation analysis.
GATE Instrumentation Syllabus Electricity and Magnetism
This Electricity and Magnetism is the first core branch section of the GATE Instrumentation syllabus. It carries various important topics like Biot‐Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Curl, Magnetomotive force, Reluctance, etc. The Electricity and Magnetism section of the GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus carries the following topics:
|Reluctance and Magnetic circuits||Self and Mutual inductance of simple configurations|
|Biot‐Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Curl, Faraday’s law||Lorentz force|
|Effect of the dielectric medium||Capacitance of simple configurations|
|Divergence||Electric field and potential due to point|
|Electric Flux Density||Gauss's Law|
|Coulomb's Law||Electric Field Intensity|
GATE Instrumentation Syllabus Electrical Circuits and Machines
This section carries topics like impedance, and admittance, RLC circuits with ac excitation, equivalent circuit, starting and speed control, torque-speed characteristics, and a lot more. The Electrical Circuits and Machines section of the GATE Instrumentation syllabus includes the given topics:
|Voltage and current sources|
Independent, dependent, ideal, and practical; V-I relationships of a resistor, inductor, mutual inductance, and capacitor; transient analysis of RLC circuits with dc excitation; Peak-, average- and RMS values of ac quantities; Apparent-, active- and reactive powers; Phasor analysis, impedance, and admittance; series and parallel resonance; Locus diagrams; Transient analysis of RLC circuits with ac excitation; one-port and two-port networks; driving point impedance, and admittance, and short circuit parameters.
|Single-phase transformer||Equivalent circuit, phase diagram, open circuit, and short circuit tests, regulation, and efficiency.|
|Three-phase induction motors||The principle of operation, types, performance, torque-speed characteristics, no-load and blocked rotor tests, equivalent circuit, starting and speed control; types of losses, and efficiency calculations of electric machines.|
GATE Instrumentation Syllabus Signals and Systems
Signals and Systems is an introduction to digital and analog signal processing. It includes a few topics such as Periodic, aperiodic, and impulse signals; Laplace, Fourier, and z-transforms; transfer function, frequency response of first and second-order linear time-invariant systems, the impulse response of systems; convolution, correlation. Discrete-time system: impulse response, frequency response, pulse transfer function; DFT and FFT; basics of IIR and FIR filters.
GATE Instrumentation Syllabus Control Systems
The Control Systems section of the GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus 2023 deals with the controlling and monitoring of any process as per our needs. There are various important topics covered in this section such as Time-delay systems, pneumatic system components, ratio controllers, Steady-state-errors, etc. Let us see all topics covered in this section listed in the table below.
|Feedback principles||Signal flow graphs|
|Transient response||Steady-state errors|
|Bode plot||Phase and gain margins|
|Routh and Nyquist criteria||Root loci, design of lead, lag, and lead-lag compensators|
|State-space representation of systems||Time-delay systems|
|Mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic system components||Synchro pair, servo, and stepper motors, servo valves|
|On-off, P, PI, PID, cascade||Tuning of PID controllers and sizing of control valves|
GATE IN Syllabus Analog Electronics and Digital Electronics
Analog Electronics are electronic systems with a continuously variable signal, whereas digital electronics signals usually take only two levels. This section includes topics such as ADC and DAC, Microprocessor, data acquisition systems, etc. Let us discuss these topics below.
- Analog Electronics: Characteristics and applications of a diode, Zener diode, BJT, and MOSFET; small-signal analysis of transistor circuits, feedback amplifiers. Characteristics of ideal and practical operational amplifiers; applications of opamps: adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator, difference amplifier, instrumentation amplifier, precision rectifier, active filters, oscillators, signal generators, voltage-controlled oscillators and phase-locked loop, sources and effects of noise and interference in electronic circuits.
- Digital Electronics: Combinational logic circuits, minimization of Boolean functions. IC families: TTL and CMOS. Arithmetic circuits, comparators, Schmitt trigger, multi-vibrators, sequential circuits, flipflops, shift registers, timers, and counters; sample-and-hold circuit, multiplexer, analog-to-digital (successive approximation, integrating, flash and sigma-delta) and digital-to-analog converters (weighted R, R-2R ladder and current steering logic). Characteristics of ADC and DAC (resolution, quantization, significant bits, conversion/settling time); basics of number systems, Embedded Systems: Microprocessor and microcontroller applications, memory and input-output interfacing; basics of data acquisition systems, basics of distributed control systems (DCS) and programmable logic controllers (PLC).
GATE Instrumentation Syllabus Measurements
The Measurements section of the GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus 2023 deals with the physical quantities that are measured so as to obtain results that are transmitted to recording devices or to controlling devices. It comprises a few topics that are listed below.
|SI units||Standards (R, L, C, voltage, current a, and frequency)|
|Voltage and current scaling||Instrument transformers|
|Digital voltmeter, Digital multimeter||Oscilloscope, shielding, and grounding|
|Time, phase, and frequency measurements||AC and DC probes|
|Systematic and random errors in measurement||Bridges: Wheatstone, Kelvin, Megohm, Maxwell, Anderson, Schering, and Wien for measurement|
|Measurement of voltage, current, and power||RMS meters|
GATE IN Syllabus Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation
The sensors and Industrial Instrumentation section of the GATE Instrumentation syllabus 2023 includes the following given topics- Resistive-, capacitive-, inductive-, piezoelectric-, Hall effect sensors, and associated signal conditioning circuits; Transducers for industrial instrumentation: displacement (linear and angular), velocity, acceleration, force, torque, vibration, shock, pressure (including low pressure), Flow (variable head, variable area, electromagnetic, ultrasonic, turbine, and open channel flow meters), Temperature (thermocouple, bolometer, RTD (3/4 wire), Thermistor, pyrometer, and semiconductor), Liquid level, pH, conductivity and viscosity measurement, and Two-wire transmitter.
GATE IN Syllabus Communication and Optical Instrumentation
The Communication and Optical Instrumentation section of the GATE Instrumentation syllabus comprises the following given topics- Amplitude and frequency modulation and demodulation; Shannon's sampling theorem, pulse code modulation; frequency and time division multiplexing, amplitude-, phase-, frequency-, quadrature amplitude, pulse shift keying for digital modulation; optical sources and detectors: LED, laser, photo-diode, light-dependent resistor, square-law detectors, and their characteristics; interferometer: applications in metrology; basics of fibre optic sensing. UV-VIS Spectrophotometers, and Mass spectrometer.
GATE Instrumentation Engineering Syllabus PDF Download
The GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus 2023 consists of the following ten major branches- General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, Electrical Circuits and Machines, Control Systems, Digital Electronics and Analog Electronics, Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation, Electricity and Magnetism, Signals and Systems, Communication and Optical Instrumentation, and Measurements. This core subject carries the highest weightage of 72% in the examination. For better preparation, candidates can download the syllabus provided below in PDF format.
Best Books for GATE Instrumentation Syllabus 2023
In order to prepare the GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus 2023, it is essential for the candidates to refer to the best books available. Candidates can check the important books required during the preparation mentioned in the table below.
|Name of Books||Author|
|Advanced Engineering Mathematics||Erwin Kreyszig|
|Engineering Circuit Analysis||Steven M. Durbin|
|Fundamentals of Microelectronics||Behzad Razavi|
|Signals and Systems||HP HSU|
|Automatic Control Systems||B C Kuo|