Daily Current Affairs for State Exams: 18 October 2021

By Mayank Yadav|Updated : October 18th, 2021

Current Affairs forms one of the most important sections of the syllabus of almost every government examination be it, state PCS or other subordinate exams. Hence, Catching up on current affairs on a daily basis is an invaluable part of your preparation. Here we will be sharing you with all the relevant current affairs which are highly important for your examination. Check the important highlights of the day!

Daily Current Affairs 18/10/2021

Global Hunger Index 2021

Why in News

  • India ranked 101 out of 116 countries in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2021.
  • With a score of 27.5, India has a level of hunger that is serious.
  • India is behind Pakistan (92), Bangladesh (76) and Nepal (76).
  • In 2020, India was ranked 94th out of 107 countries. 

Key Points

  • A total of 18 countries, including China, Kuwait and Brazil, shared the top rank with GHI score of less than five.
  • The GHI report mentioned the level of hunger in India as “alarming” with its GHI score decelerating from 38.8 in 2000 to the range of 28.8 – 27.5 between 2012 and 2021.

About Global Hunger Index (GHI):

  • The GHI report is prepared jointly by Irish aid agency Concern Worldwide and German organisation Welthungerhilfe.
  • The GHI score is calculated on four indicators — undernourishment, child wasting, child stunting and child mortality.

India’s Related Initiatives:

  • POSHAN Abhiyan
  • Eat Right India Movement
  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana
  • Food Fortification
  • National Food Security Act, 2013
  • Integrated Child Development Services Scheme
  • Mission Indradhanush

Source: Indian Express

Climate Resilience Information System and Planning (CRISP-M) tool

Why in News

  • Union Minister of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj Giriraj Singh jointly launched Climate Resilience Information System and Planning (CRISP-M) tool for integration of climate information in Geographic Information System (GIS) based watershed planning under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) along with Lord Tariq Ahmad, Minister of State for South Asia and the Commonwealth in the UK Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office.

Key Points

About CRISP-M tool:

  • The CRISP-M tool will help embed climate information in the GIS based planning and implementation of MGNREGS.
  • It was developed with the help of the British Government and all the stakeholders who supported the Rural Development Ministry.
  • It will be used in 7 states (Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Odisha).

Note: The Ministry of Rural Development has already prepared GIS based plans for 1.82 lacs Gram Panchayats out of a total of 2.69 lacs Gram Panchayats of India, which is around 68%, with the help of Remote Sensing Technology, based on Ridge to Valley approach.

About Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS): 

  • MGNREGS is one of the largest work guarantee programmes in the world.
  • It was launched on February 2, 2006.
  • The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) was passed on 23rd August 2005.

Source: PIB

India re-elected to UNHRC for sixth term

Why in News

  • India was re-elected to the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) for the sixth term (2022-24) with an overwhelming majority.
  • India got 184 votes in the 193-member assembly, while the required majority was 97.

Key Points

  • The 76th UN General Assembly (UNGA) held elections for 18 new members of the UN Human Rights Council who will serve for a period of 3 years, starting in January 2022.
  • India's current term was set to end on December 31 2021.

About United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC):

  • UNHRC is a United Nations body whose mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world.
  • President: Nazhat Shameem
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Founded: 15 March 2006

Source: India Today

8 High Court Judges elevated as CJs, 5 CJs shifted

  • The law Ministry recently notified appointments of 13 chief justices eight judges elevated as CJs (Chief Justices) and five transferred to high courts.
  • The list of 13 CJs appointed and transferred is part of the recommendations made by the Supreme Court collegium on September 17, 2021.

SI.

No.

Name of Judge and present High Court

High Court where appointed as

Chief Justice

1

Rajesh Bindal, Acting CJ  [Calcutta]

Allahabad

2

Ranjit V. More [Meghalaya]

Meghalaya

3

Satish Chandra Sharma, Acting CJ          [Kamataka]

Telangana

4

Prakash Shrivastava [Madhya Pradesh]

Calcutta

5

R.V. Malimath, Acting CJ [Himachal Pradesh]

Madhya Pradesh

6

Ritu Rai Awasthi [Allahabad]

Karnataka

7

Aravind Kumar [Karnataka]

Gujarat

8

Prashant Kumar Mishra [Chhattisgarh]

Andhra Pradesh

 

SI.

No.

Name of Chief Justice

Transfer from High Court

Transfer to High Court

1

A.A. Kureshi

Tripura

Rajasthan

2

Indrajit Mahanty

Rajasthan

Tripura

3

Mohammad Rafiq

Madhya Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh

4

Biswanath Somadder

Meghalaya

Sikkim

5

A.K. Goswami

Andhra Pradesh

Chhattisgarh

Source: TOI

National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) Foundation day

Why in News

  • Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi attended 28th National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) Foundation day programme.

Key Points

About National Human Rights Commission (NHRC):

  • It is a Statutory public body constituted on 12 October 1993.
  • It was given a statutory basis by the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.
  • Jurisdiction: Government of India
  • Headquarters: New Delhi
  • Chairperson: Arun Kumar Mishra

Source: PIB

India’s first ‘One Health’ consortium

Why in News

  • The Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science and Technology launched India’s first ‘One Health’ consortium.

Key Points

  • The consortium envisages carrying out surveillance of important bacterial, viral and parasitic infections of zoonotic as well as transboundary pathogens in India, including the North-eastern part of the country. 
  • This Consortium consists of 27 organisations led by Department of Biotechnology-National Institute of Animal Biotechnology, Hyderabad.
  • The One Health consortium consists of AIIMS, Delhi, AIIMS, Jodhpur, IVRI, Bareilly, GADVASU, Ludhiana, TANUVAS, Chennai, MAFSU, Nagpur, Assam agricultural and veterinary university and many more ICAR, ICMR centres and wildlife agencies.

Source: TOI

Indo-US Joint Military Exercise “Yudh Abhyas 2021”

Why in News

  • The 17th Edition of Indo-US Joint Military Exercise “Yudh Abhyas 2021” began at Joint Base Elmendorf Richardson, Alaska (USA).
  • The exercise is being conducted from 15 to 29 October 2021.

Key Points

  • Yudh Abhyas 2021 is the largest running joint military training and defence cooperation endeavor between India and USA.
  • The exercise aims at enhancing understanding, cooperation and inter-operability between two Armies.

Note: The previous version of this exercise was held at Mahajan Field Firing in Bikaner, Rajasthan in February 2021.

Source: PIB

Chennai Super Kings wins IPL title 2021

Why in News

  • Chennai Super Kings beat Kolkata Knight Riders by 27 runs to win its 4th IPL (Indian Premier League) title in Dubai.
  • The 2021 Indian Premier League (IPL 14) was the fourteenth season of IPL.

Key Points

  • Player of the series: Harshal Patel (Royal Challengers Bangalore)
  • Orange Cap: Ruturaj Gaikwad (Chennai Super Kings) Most runs 635
  • Purple Cap: Harshal Patel (Royal Challengers Bangalore) Most wickets 32
  • MS Dhoni led Chennai lift the IPL trophy for the fourth time, having previously won the tournament in 2010, 2011, and 2018.

Source: newsonair

Yogendra Mohan Gupta, Chairman of Dainik Jagran Group, passed away

  • Born on December 14, 1937, Yogendra Mohan Gupta also edited ‘Kanchan Prabha’ magazine.
  • He is also credited with setting up Lakshmidevi Lalit Kala Akademi in Kanpur.

Source: TOI

October 16, World Food Day 

Why in News

  • World Food Day(WFD) is celebrated every year on October 16 to commemorate the date of the founding of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in 1945.

Key Points

  • The theme for World Food Day this year is “Our actions are our future- Better production, better nutrition, a better environment and a better life,” as per the official website of FAO.
  • World Food Daywas established by FAO's Member Countries at the Organization's 20th General Conference in November 1979. 
  • The day is also observed by organisations like World Food Programme and International Fund for Agricultural Development.

Note:

  • This time, the UN Secretary-General also convened the very first Food Systems Summit in September 2021 to discuss ways to transform the production and consumption of food.
  • According to The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World, 2020 report by FAO, 189.2 million Indians or 14 percent of the total population in India are undernourished.

Source: India Express

October 17, International Day for the Eradication of Poverty

Why in News

  • International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is observed annually on October 17 worldwide and highlights worldwide poverty, violence and hunger.

Key Points

  • The theme for International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 2021 is “Building forward together: Ending Persistent Poverty, Respecting all People and our Planet.”
  • In 1992, the United Nations (UN) officially designated October 17 as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.

Source: India Today

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Mayank YadavMayank YadavMember since Mar 2021
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