Parakram Diwas: Know About Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 2, 2023, 16:38

The Ministry of Culture (Special Cell) announced on 19th January 2021 that the Government of India has set aside the Parakram Diwas date to commemorate Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's 125th birthday in a befitting way on a national and worldwide level.

This is fantastic news for Indians, and thanks to the Indian Government, the nation will finally recognize Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's significant role in the Indian freedom struggle.

Who is Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose?

Subhas Chandra Bose, often known as Netaji, was an eminent leader in the Indian independence movement.

Though Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru are often credited for bringing the Indian liberation fight to a triumphant conclusion, Subash Chandra Bose's role is no less significant. His sacrifice was not recognized as it should have been for seventy-four years of independence.

He became a legend by forming the Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) to topple the British Empire in India.

Early Life of Netaji

He was born in Cuttack, Orissa, on 23rd January 1897. His father, Janaki Nath Bose, was a well-known lawyer, and his mother, Prabhavati Devi, was a devout and religious woman.

Netaji was a gifted student from an early age. He passed the Calcutta provincial matriculation exams and graduated from the Scottish Churches College in Calcutta with a First Class in Philosophy. Swami Vivekananda's teachings profoundly impacted him as a student, and he was noted for his nationalistic enthusiasm.

In 1919, he travelled to England to vie for Indian Civil Services, as per his parents' desires. In 1920, he took the Indian Civil Service competitive test in England and finished fourth in merit.

The Jallianwalla Bagh tragedy severely troubled Subhas Chandra Bose. He came back to India after quitting the Civil Services apprenticeship in 1921.

Netaji's Fight for Freedom

Netaji was devoted to Bharat Mata, his nation, and that made him restless. He piqued the interest of people far beyond India's boundaries.

Netaji enlisted the support of heads of state from across the world, and he fanned the flames of the freedom struggle well beyond India's borders. He formed the Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army) to resist British rule.

He breathed the slogan "Dilli Chalo" with much zeal, and thousands of his 60,000-strong army men sacrificed their lives fighting for freedom.

Parakram Diwas (23 January)

The Government decided to celebrate Netaji's birthday on 23rd January every year as Parakram Diwas to honour and remember his indomitable spirit and selfless service to the nation.

The Trinamool Congress, on the other hand, has declared 'Desh Nayak Diwas' to commemorate Bose's birth anniversary.

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose's family and those who study his life and work say the best way to honour him truly is to follow his ideology of inclusivity and secularism.

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FAQs on Parakram Diwas

Q.1 What does Parakram mean in English?

The ability to act gallantly or heroically in challenging conditions is known as "parakram."

Q.2 What is the purpose of Parakram Divas?

Parakram Diwas is meant to honour Netaji's indomitable spirit and selfless devotion to the nation. It will be celebrated every year to encourage people throughout the country, particularly the youth, to act with fortitude in the face of hardship.

Q.3 Who gave the slogan Dilli Chalo?

The Indian braveheart who fought to free his motherland, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, gave the slogan Dilli Chalo.