Human Rights Day is celebrated on 10th December. This day acknowledges the defenders and advocates of human rights from all around the world. The motto of human rights happens to be 'All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.' One can often hear ordinary people or activists fighting for their rights. But what comprises these rights?
According to the constitution of India, human rights are the fundamental rights that provide every person with basic citizenship rights. One can enjoy these fundamental rights irrespective of religion, gender, caste, or creed. The constitution of India developed this concept between the years 1947 to 1949. As a result, we have 6 fundamental human rights in India. The United Nations General Assembly adopted the universal declaration of human rights day on 10th December, 1948.
International Human Rights Day
Fundamental rights get a lot of emphasis on World Human Rights Day. It encourages the judiciaries worldwide to take proper steps to enable everyone to get equal rights.
Apex courts also interpret the various fundamental rights to which every citizen should be entitled. Some of the international human rights provisions include:
- Right to work
- Protection of the interests of minorities
- Compulsory education for children
- Equal pay for equal work
- Provision of maternity leave and humane conditions of work
- Prevention against exploitation of children
- Right to a decent standard of life.
National Human Rights Day - Fighting Inequality and Racism
At the heart of human rights lies the principle of non-discrimination and equality. Equality happens to be an essential topic in the 2030 plan of the United Nations. It addresses various solutions for the deep-rooted form of racial discrimination.
Human Rights Day in India
In India, human rights got their recognition from Jainism and Buddhism. On 24th January 1947, under the Chairmanship of Sardar Patel, the advisory committee of the Constituent Assembly drafted the list of fundamental human rights.
- It covered the rights mentioned in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- Many eminent leaders, including B. N. Rau, Dr B. R. Ambedkar, K. T. Shah, K. M. Munshi, Harman Singh, etc., were involved in this process.
- The committee report of 1928 covered 19 rights at the initial stage.
However, only 10 rights were declared as fundamental duties. Out of these 10 rights, the common ones are:
- Right to equality.
- Right to freedom.
- Right against exploitation.
- Right to freedom of religion.
- Cultural and educational rights.
- Right to constitutional remedies.
Every Indian is entitled to these aforementioned human rights. However, the basic fundamental rights did not initially include some of these rights.
- Over time, the constitution incorporated the right to privacy, right to a fair trial, and right to legal aid into the list.
- Our constitution acts as the protector of these fundamental rights.
Human Rights Day 2021: Date and Theme
Learn about Human Rights day 2021, its theme, and more. The day is celebrated every year on 10 December. The Human Rights Day 2021 theme is EQUALITY, which focuses on reducing inequalities and advancing human rights.
Article 1 of the UDHR stated, "All human beings are born free and equal in rights and dignity." Being equal is also aligned with the 2030 Agenda. Other themes of human rights day for the years 2020 and 2019 are given below:
- Human rights day 2020 theme was "Recover Better - Stand Up for Human Rights". The theme's main aim was to fight the COVID-19 pandemic and come back stronger by fighting the widespread disease.
- Human Rights Day 2019 theme was "Youth Standing Up for Human Rights". It concentrated on the role of youth in collective movements, for instance, in the promotion and protection of rights, as they are the source of inspiration for a better future.
How is a World Human Rights Day Celebrated?
Human rights day is memorialized yearly in formal political conferences, meetings, cultural events, exhibitions, and many other programs to spread the importance of human rights awareness.
- A fresh theme is chosen every year to make the day even more special and effective.
- One of the concerns for world human rights day was human poverty, whose elimination was the biggest challenge.
- A few cultural programs like dance, music, drama, and more are appreciated so that people learn more about human rights and their importance.
- Even protest movements are initiated to develop understanding about the special day in December 2021.
Importance of International Human Rights Day
Mentioned below is the importance of International Human Rights Day. Listed are a few of them:
- People deserve to be treated equitably, with dignity and respect. Citizens should have fixed rights to live as they choose without being victimized, suppressed or owned by someone else.
- If we compare India to a hundred years ago, it is considered a better and fairer place to strive. There have been various amendments and changes to bring such improvements, one of which is human rights day.
- The Declaration of national human rights day was consented to by 48 member states. All the states believed in how life should be and in the upcoming years.
- To encourage the suppressed group of people like poor, disabled people, women, minorities, teenagers, and others to participate in this event.
- The day marks interaction and discussion of crucial issues related to human rights that are often neglected.
FAQs about Human Rights Day
What is Human Rights Definition?
Human Rights day was a special day in December 2021. These rights were inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status.
What is the importance of International Human Rights Day?
Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of expression, the right to education, and many more.
Why is 10 December celebrated as Human Rights Day?
10 December is celebrated as Human Rights Day. In 1948, the United Nations General Assembly united and announced the Human Rights Declaration.
What is the theme of Human Rights Day 2021?
"EQUALITY lessening inequalities advancing human rights" is the human rights day 2021 theme. The 2021 year's Human Rights theme relates to Article 1 of the UDHR – "All human beings are free and have equal rights and dignity."
When is Human Rights Day Celebrated?
Human rights day is marked on 10 December every year. It celebrates the day at United Nations General Assembly welcomed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948.
When was Human Rights Day established in India?
National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) organized a function to celebrate Human Rights Day in New Delhi on 10 December 2016.
The Theme of Human Rights Day 2020 Related To?
"Recover Better - Stand Up for Human Rights" is the theme of 2020 Human Rights Day. The Human Rights Day Theme is connected to the COVID-19 pandemic and focuses on the need to build back better.