Human Rights Day: Check Motto and Celebration Date

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jan 7, 2022, 9:16

Human Rights Day is celebrated on 10th December. This day acknowledges the defenders and advocates of human rights from all around the world. The motto of human rights happens to be 'All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.' One can often hear common people or activists fighting for their rights. But what comprises these rights?

According to the constitution of India, human rights are the fundamental rights that provide every person with basic citizenship rights. One can enjoy these basic rights irrespective of religion, gender, caste or creed. The constitution of India developed this concept between the years 1947 to 1949. We have 6 fundamental human rights in India. The United Nations General Assembly adopted the universal declaration of human rights on 10th December 1948. 

World Human Rights Day

Fundamental rights get a lot of emphasis on World Human Rights Day. It encourages the judiciaries around the world to take proper steps to enable everyone to get equal rights. Apex courts also interpret the various fundamental rights that every citizen of the world should be entitled to. Some of the international human rights provisions include:

  • Right to work
  • Protection of the interests of minorities
  • Compulsory education for children
  • Equal pay for equal work
  • Provision of maternity leave and humane condition of work
  • Prevention against exploitation of children
  • Right to a decent standard of life

Fighting Inequality and Racism

At the heart of human rights lies the principle of non-discrimination and equality. Equality happens to be an important topic in the 2030 agenda of the United Nations. It addresses various solutions for the deep-rooted form of racial discrimination.

Human Rights Day in India

In India, human rights got their recognition from Jainism and Buddhism. On 24th January 1947, under the Chairmanship of Sardar Patel, the advisory committee of the Constituent Assembly drafted the list of fundamental human rights. It covered the rights mentioned in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Many eminent leaders including, B. N. Rau, Dr B. R. Ambedkar, K. T. Shah, K. M. Munshi, Harman Singh, etc. were involved in this process. At the initial stage, 19 rights were covered in the committee report of 1928. However, only 10 rights were declared as the fundamental duties. Out of these 10 rights, the common ones are:

  • Right to equality
  • Right to freedom
  • Right against exploitation
  • Right to freedom of religion
  • Cultural and educational rights
  • Right to constitutional remedies

Every Indian is entitled to these aforementioned human rights. Some of these rights were not initially included in the fundamental rights. Over time, the constitution incorporated the right to privacy, right to a fair trial, and right to legal aid into the list. Our constitution acts as the protector of these basic rights.

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FAQs about Human Rights Day

Q.1 Which are the basic fundamental rights?

The six basic fundamental rights include the right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, freedom of religion, educational and cultural rights, and right to constitutional remedies.

Q.2 What are fundamental rights?

Fundamental rights are the basic rights that every citizen is entitled to.

Q.3 When is Human Rights Day observed?

Human rights day is observed on 10th December every year.

Q.4 Which organization first proposed the fundamental rights?

The United Nations proposed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) via the UN General Assembly in 1948. 

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Neha DhyaniNeha DhyaniMember since Jul 2017
An IT engineer turned Writer, Neha is a versatile content creator at ‘Gradeup’, who covers news and top stories of the education sector. She has been in the industry since 2015. She is passionate about her work, however, when she isn’t crafting content, she’s probably reading, playing badminton, watching YouTube or just lazing around. Her email address is neha.dhyani@gradeup.co.