Global Terrorism Index [GTI]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 13, 2022, 4:39

The Global Terrorism Index (GTI) was created by the founder of the Institute of Economics and Peace (IEP), Steve Killelea in 2000 to provide an overview of global trends in terrorism.

Purpose of the Global Terrorism Index (GTI)

The index aims to rate the nations around the world in the context of terrorist activity. It brings together several characteristics associated with terrorism to provide a clear picture of its impact on the country, highlight patterns, and offer critical information that policymakers can analyze and work upon.

The Global Terrorism Index (GTI) ranking and score are critical for countries as they directly affect the ranking on Global Peace Index and are indirectly used in many other global indices.

Global Terrorism Index (GTI) - Key Facts

IEP is an institute based in Australia that publishes the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) annually on the basis of four primary criteria - total number of terrorist incidents in the country in the year, number of injuries caused by terrorism, number of deaths resulting from terrorist incidents and the property damage caused by terrorists in the year.

India's Global Terrorism Index (GTI) score was reported as 7.35 in 2020 with an eighth rank in the list of nations affected by terrorism.

In 2019, the report indicated that India moved from the eighth position in the previous year to the seventh position with countries like Pakistan, Iraq, Somalia, and Syria ahead of it.

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Significance of The Global Terrorism Index (GTI)

Following the report release, Niti Aayog was asked to prepare a report on different global indices to find out how they can help drive growth and reforms.

The report questioned the Australian institute's methodology for ranking countries on the index. It asked the institute to clarify how India is ranked as a terror-affected nation ahead of conflict-ridden nations like Sudan, Lebanon, and Palestine.

Niti Aayog's report criticizes the methodology used for compiling the index and questions the funding of the institute. It found that the organization has only about 30 members and therefore lacks the resources required to collect, analyze and disseminate data about 163 nations.

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Overall Impact of The Global Terrorism Index

The report concluded that the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) lacked robust data collection and analysis methods and engagement with governments which is why it has low direct value for policymakers and should not be used as a way to understand the challenges a country faces from terrorism.

IEP releases the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) every year by generating a score and ranking for each country based on the impact of terrorism. The report is primarily based on the database of the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) and other reliable sources.

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FAQs on the Global Terrorism Index (GTI)

Q1) What is India's rank on the Global Terrorism Index (GTI)?

India ranks twelfth in the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) released in 2022.

Q2) Who publishes the Global Terrorism Index (GTI)?

The Global Terrorism Index (GTI) is released every year by the Australian organization named the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).

Q3) Which country has the highest terrorism rate according to Global Terrorism Index (GTI)?

Afghanistan is the highest affected country in terms of terrorism according to the Global Terrorism Index (GTI).

Q4) What is India's Global Terrorism Index (GTI) score?

According to the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) of 2022, India has a terrorism score of 7.432.

Q5) How accurate is the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) Score?

Studies and analyses in recent years have concluded that the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) score lacks sufficient data, making it inaccurate for the most part.