In 2019, the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs suggested the Central Vista Redevelopment Project construct a new Parliament and also other Central Government offices. The Project aims to build a triangular-shaped Parliament building beside the existing one, as well as a Common Central Secretariat and a three-kilometre-long Rajpath connecting Rashtrapati Bhavan and India Gate.
Background of Central Vista
From Rashtrapati Bhavan to India Gate, the Central Vista Redevelopment Project is in full effect. The North Block, South Block, the Parliament building, and other central government office buildings, as well as the pieces of land immediately surrounding them along Rajpath, are all included.
King George V announced in the Delhi Durbar (a great assembly) in December 1911 that India's capital would be moved from Calcutta to Delhi. The Delhi Durbar was held to commemorate King George V's coronation.
Edwin Lutyens, recognized for his genuine commitment to European Classicism, and Herbert Baker, a notable architect in South Africa, were tasked with designing a new city. The building of the Parliament House was designed by Baker and Lutyens. The Chausath Yogini Mandir in Madhya Pradesh is the temple that inspired the design of the Indian Parliament.
Lutyens designed the Rashtrapati Bhavan, while Baker designed the Secretariat, which contains both the north and south blocks.
Central Vista Redevelopment Project - Overview
The Rashtrapati Bhawan, Parliament House, South and North Blocks, India Gate, and the National Archives are all located on the 3.2-kilometre Central Vista stretch in Delhi. All of these prominent structures were built before 1931 when the new capital was launched.
The Central Vista Redevelopment Project includes the creation of Central Vista Avenue and the redevelopment of the North and South Blocks into museums. For the shared Central Secretariat, 87-story buildings will be constructed to house the offices of several ministries. This project will demolish Nirman Bhavan, Krishi Bhavan, and Vigyan Bhavan.
☛ Also Read: Current Affairs Today
Objectives of the Central Vista Redevelopment Project
The Central Vista Redevelopment Project is being proposed to address the Parliament's current and future space demands, as well as to improve public facilities, amenities, parking, and other amenities.
The renovation project is being planned due to concerns about fire safety, acoustics, and the deteriorating state of the century-old structure. By July 2022, a new Capitol building will be completed, and by March 2024, a shared Central Secretariat will be in place.
The parliament's strength is planned to rise from 545 to 900 seats after this project is done. The project also aims to enhance the attractiveness of Central Vista in order to turn it into a world-class tourism destination.
On January 5, 2021, the Supreme Court issued a 2-1 decision allowing the Central Vista Redevelopment Project to proceed. The Central Vista Project aims to transform Central Vista into a world-class public area by restoring its magnificence as an architectural monument, providing contemporary administrative facilities, enhancing cultural institutions, and marking India's 75th year of independence.
FAQs on Central Vista Redevelopment Project
Q.1. Who has been contracted for designing the Central Vista Redevelopment Project?
The design firm HCP Design Planning and Management Pvt. Ltd. has been contracted for designing the Central Vista Redevelopment Project.
Q.2. Which structures will be removed to make way for the Central Vista Redevelopment Project?
The National Museum, the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA), and the National Archives Annexe will be demolished to make way for the Central Vista Redevelopment Project.
Q.3. When will the Central Vista Redevelopment Project be completed?
By 2022, the modern parliament building of the Central Vista Redevelopment Project will be completed, and the central secretariat will be operational by March 2024.
Q.4. What is the cost of the Central Vista Redevelopment Project?
The Central Vista Redevelopment Project is expected to cost Rs. 13,450 crores.
Q.5. Who won the bid to construct the Central Vista Redevelopment Project?
Tata Projects was given the project for the New Parliament Building at an estimated cost of Rs 862 crores, while Shapoorji Pallonji Group was granted the project for the Central Vista Redevelopment Project at an estimated cost of Rs 477 crores.