The Amazon Rainforest is the largest rainforest globally, encompassing an area of 5,500,000 sq. km and spanning nine countries. Also referred to as the Amazon Jungle or the Amazonia, the forest is home to hundreds of ethnic groups and millions of species of insects, plants, and animals. It covers 40% of the South American continent and comprises the Amazon River, which is the largest and second longest river in the world.
Here are some Amazon Rainforest facts that you need to know about the biggest rainforest in the world.
About Amazon Rainforest
The biggest rainforest in the world is believed to have been born around 55 million years ago. However, it has undergone several significant changes in terms of vegetation and ecosystems and now comprises an array of ecosystems, ranging from savanna to swamps. Human inhabitants first settled in the Amazon around 11,200 years ago.
Where is the Amazon Rainforest Located?
The Amazon Rainforest is located in the Amazon basin of the South American continent. Being the Biggest Rainforest in the World, it spans nine countries - Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Columbia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and Ecuador. However, the majority of the rainforest is located in Brazil (60%), followed by Peru (13%) and Columbia (10%).
Biodiversity in the Biggest Rainforest in the World
The Amazon Rainforest is home to the largest variety of plants and animals in any terrestrial ecosystem on the Earth. Around 30% of the planet's species can be found in the rainforest. Compared to tropical rainforests in Asia and Africa, the Amazon, with its largest rainforest track, comprises unparalleled biodiversity.
Here is a list of different kinds of species in the Amazon:
- 2.5 million insect species
- 40,000 plant species
- 16,000 tree species
- 3,000 fish species
- 1,300 birds
- 430+ mammals
- 1,000+ amphibians
- 400+ reptiles
However, the biodiversity in the Amazon faces the threat of losing its habitation due to large scale deforestation and forest fires.
Amazon Rainforest Facts
Here is a list of interesting Amazon Rainforest Facts you must know!
- The Amazon is named after the Amazons of Greek mythology, a group of fierce, independent, and courageous female warriors and hunters. The name was given by Spanish explorer Francisco de Orellana when he fought a war with some tribes in the forest and witnessed women of the tribe fighting alongside men.
- There are over 350 indigenous and ethnic groups residing in the Biggest Rainforest in the World, many of which have never had contact with the outside world. The forest is home to around 30 million people.
- The forest cover in the Amazon is so thick that it takes around 10 minutes for rainwater to reach the forest floor in some regions. This thickness is also why only 1% of sunlight reaches the floor, and the forest is mostly dark.
- The Amazon Rainforest is called the "lungs of the planet" because it absorbs and stores billions of tons of carbon, thus maintaining global temperatures.
☛ Also Read: Weekly Current Affairs
One of the most important Amazon Rainforest Facts one needs to know today is that the Amazon Rainforest is threatened by deforestation. The Biggest Rainforest in the World is vital to the survival of millions of species of plants and wildlife. With over 1.4 billion acres of dense forest land, its preservation is necessary to stabilise local and global temperatures. Indiscriminate deforestation for cattle ranching, agriculture, industrial activities, and development activities threatens the existence of the Amazon.
FAQs on Amazon Rainforest
Q. Where is the Amazon Rainforest located?
Ans. The Amazon Rainforest is located in the South American continent.
Q. Which is the Biggest Rainforest in the World?
Ans. The Amazon is the Biggest Rainforest in the World.
Q. Why is the Amazon Rainforest called the "lungs of the planet"?
Ans. The Amazon Rainforest is called the "lungs of the planet" because it absorbs and stores 90-140 billion tons of carbon.
Q. In which countries is the Amazon Rainforestsituated?
Ans. The Amazon Rainforest is spread across nine countries - Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Columbia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and Ecuador.